跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(54.92.164.9) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/01/23 04:53
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:黃亭捷
研究生(外文):Ting-Chieh Huang
論文名稱:大鵬灣附生藻類群聚生產力之營養鹽限制
論文名稱(外文):Nutrient limitation of periphyton productivity in Tapong Bay
指導教授:林幸助林幸助引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsing-Juh Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:植物學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:大鵬灣附生藻類群聚初級生產力營養鹽限制溶氧法
外文關鍵詞:Tapong Bayperiphytongross community primary productionGCPPnutrient limitationO2 evolution
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
  • 點閱點閱:5427
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:1276
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:8
附生藻類群聚為沿海潟湖重要基礎生產者之一,而其生長常受到營養鹽所限制。欲瞭解附生藻類群聚生長是否受營養鹽限制,可間接由水體或藻體組織中的氮磷比推測得知,或比較附生藻類群聚生產力與水體營養鹽濃度之關係,或直接進行營養鹽添加實驗。大鵬灣為一熱帶潟湖,四周有魚塭圍繞,灣內則遍佈蚵架。營養鹽濃度則由開口而內成梯度增加,潮口附近有較低的營養鹽濃度,而內部營養鹽濃度則較高。本研究的目的在瞭解外部測站附生藻類群聚生產力是否為營養鹽所限制,以及營養鹽限制是否有季節性變化。由連續兩年之附生藻類群聚生產力監測資料得知,一般時候靠出海口之外部測站遠大於內部測站,但於冬末初春時內外測站之附生藻類群聚生產力極為接近。進一步分析外部測站之附生藻類群聚生產力時間變化與水質環境因子資料發現,附生藻類群聚生產力與營養鹽呈顯著正相關。營養鹽濃度亦在冬末春初呈現下降趨勢,且水體中的氮磷比遠小於16,顯示氮相對於磷而言是較缺乏,因此推測營養鹽,尤其是氮,於此時可能為外部測站附生藻類群聚生產力之限制因子。於是進一步設計營養鹽添加實驗來驗證靠出海口之測站附生藻類群聚生產力是否受營養鹽所限制。營養鹽添加實驗結果顯示於冬末初春時,附生藻類群聚生產力有營養鹽限制的情形,其限制營養鹽為氮,因此在大鵬灣,氮相對於磷而言是較為重要的限制因子。其他季節則無營養鹽限制的情形。
Periphytonis is one of the most important primary producers in coastal lagoons, but its productivity is generally limited by nutrients. Nutrient limitation of periphyton productivity can be assessed indirectly by measuring the N:P ratio in the water column or in algal tissues, or directly by nutrient enrichment experiments. Tapong Bay is a tropical lagoon and is densely occupied by oyster pen in southwestern Taiwan, surrounding by aquacultural ponds. There is a gradient of nutrient concentration in the water column, with lower concentrations near the inlet and higher concentrations in the inner. The purposes of this study are to examine if the productivity of periphyton is limited by nutrients. The N:P ratio in the water column was less than 16, indicating that nitrogen is relatively deficient to phosphorus. The two-years’ changes of gross community primary production (GCPP) of periphyton were significantly positively correlated with nutrient concentrations in the water column. Nutrient concentrations in the water column declined in late winter and early spring. Nutrient enrichment experiments showed that periphyton productivity may be limited by nitrogen only at this time.
誌謝 i
中文摘要 ii
英文摘要 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章、前言 1
1.1 潟湖生態系的重要性 1
1.2 附生藻類群聚之定義 1
1.3 附生藻類群聚的重要性 2
1.4 影響附生藻類群聚生長之因子 3
1.5 營養鹽限制 4
1.6 微觀生態箱實驗 6
1.7 水域生態系營養鹽限制 6
1.8 研究目的 7
第二章、材料與方法 9
2.1 研究地點與採樣時間 9
2.2 水質環境因子資料 12
2.3 實驗設計 12
2.3.1 附生藻類群聚附著板之製作 12
2.3.2 微觀生態箱設計及培養裝置 13
2.3.3 營養鹽添加實驗 15
2.4 附生藻類群聚生產力之測定 18
2.4.1 溶氧電極 18
2.4.2 溶氧希巴辣法 18
2.4.2.1 樣本測定部分 18
2.4.2.2 試劑配製 19
2.4.2.3 標準曲線之製作 19
2.4.2.4 溶氧濃度及附生藻類群聚生產力之計算 20
2.5 葉綠素a含量之測定 21
2.6 濕重、乾重及有機物重之分析 21
2.7 統計分析 22
第三章、結果 23
3.1 水質環境因子資料 23
3.2 附生藻類群聚生產力時序變化 27
3.3 附生藻類群聚生產力與水質環境因子資料分析 27
3.4 營養鹽添加實驗 28
第四章、討論 37
第五章、結論 42
第六章、參考文獻 43
6.1 中文部份 43
6.2 英文部份 43
附錄一 47
附錄二 50
附錄三 51
表目錄
表1 添加不同營養鹽之實驗處理 16
表2 營養鹽添加後之濃度 17
表3 大鵬灣水質環境因子資料1999.9∼2002.4 26
表4 附生藻類群聚生產力與水質環境因子資料之Spearman’s
等級相關係數 33
表5 營養鹽添加實驗之無參數顯著檢定 36
圖目錄
圖1 大鵬灣周圍土地利用及測站位置 11
圖2 附生藻類群聚生產力培養裝置示意圖 14
圖3 大鵬灣水質環境因子之時序變化 25
圖4 大鵬灣水體中營養鹽濃度之時序變化 29
圖5 內外二測站之附生藻類群聚生物量累積速率 30
圖6 內外二測站附生藻類葉綠素a與有機物重之比例 31
圖7 內外二測站附生藻類群聚生產力時序變化 32
圖8 添加營養鹽之單位葉綠素a附生藻類群聚生產力 34
圖9 添加營養鹽之單位面積附生藻類群聚生產力 35
附圖1 添加營養鹽之植物性浮游生物群聚生產力 49
王騰崇。2001。大鵬灣竹片上附生藻類生產力之時空變化。國立中興大學植物學研究所碩士論文。
呂朝城。1995。希巴辣測氧法在初級生產力測定上之應用。國立海洋大學海洋科學研究所碩士論文。
林幸助。2001。水域優養化及生態監測。生物科學44:34-42。
洪佩瑩。2001。大鵬灣碳及營養鹽之生地化作用及通量研究。國立中山大學海洋地質及化學研究所碩士論文。
蔡娟娟。2001。營養鹽與溫度對墾丁南灣大型海藻生物量之影響。國立中山大學海洋生物研究所碩士論文。
魏國彥、許晃雄。1997。全球環境變遷導論。教育部。台北。
Aloi, J.E. 1990. A critical review of recent freshwater periphyton field methods. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 47:656-670.
American Public Health Association (APHA). 1992. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewaters. APHA, Washington, DC, p10.27-10.40.
Biggs, B.J.F. 1987. Effects of sample storage and mechanical blending on the quantitative analysis of river periphyton. Freshw. Biol. 18:197-203.
Bloesch, J. 1988. Mesocosm studies. Hydrobiologia 159:221-222.
Boynton, W.R., Hagy, J.D., Murray, L., Stokes, C. & Kemp, W. M. 1996. A comparative analysis of eutrophication patterns in a temperate coastal lagoon. Estuaries 19:408-421.
Carr, G.M., Duthie, H.C. & Taylor, W.D. 1997. Models of aquatic plant productivity : a review of the factors that influence growth. Aquat. Bot. 59:195-215.
Day, J.W., Hall, C.A.S., Kemp, W.M. & Yáñez-Arancibia, A. 1989. Estuarine ecology. A Wiley-Interscience publication, New York.
D’Elia, C.F., Sanders, J.G. & Boynton, W.R. 1986. Nutrient enrichment studies in a coastal plain estuary; phytoplankton growth in large-scale, continuous cultures. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 43:397-406.
Hansson, L.-A. 1992. Factors regulating periphytic algal biomass. Limnol. Oceanogr. 37:322-328.
Hecky, R.E., & Kilham, P. 1988. Nutrient limitation of phytoplankton in freshwater and marine environments : a review of recent evidence on the effects of enrichment. Limnol. Oceanogr. 33:796-822.
Howarth, R.W. 1988. Nutrient limitation of net primary production in marine ecosystems. Ann. Rev.Ecol. 19:89-110.
Kinney, E.H. & Roman, C.T. 1998. Response of primary producers to nutrient enrichment in a shallow estuary. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 163:89-98.
Larned, S.T. 1998. Nitrogen- versus phosphorus-limited growth and sources of nutrients for coral reef macroalgae. Mar. Biol. 132:409-421.
Larned, S.T. & Santos, S.R. 2000. Light- and nutrient-limited periphyton in low order streams of Oahu, Hawaii. Hydrobiologia 432:101-111.
Lin, H.-J. 1995. Responses of epiphytes on eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) to nutrient enrichment. University of Rhode Island.
Lin, H.-J, Nixon, S.W., Taylor, D.I., Granger, S.L. & Buckley, B.A. 1996. Responses of epiphytes on eelgrass, Zostera marina L., to separate and combined nitrogen and phosphorus enrichment. Aquat. Bot. 52:243-258.
Lin, H.-J., Hung, J.-J., Shao, K.-T. 2001. Trophic functioning and nutrient flux in a highly productive tropical lagoon. Oecologia 129:395-406.
McComb, A.J., Atkins, R.P., Birch, P.B. & Lukatelich, R.J. 1981. Eutrophication in the Peel-Harvey estuarine system, Western Australia. In: Nielsen, B.J. & Cronin, L.E. (eds) Estuarine and nutrients. Humana Press, Clifton, N.J., p569-582.
McCormick, P.V., Rawlik, P.S., Lurding, K., Smith, E. P. & Sklar, F. H. 1996. Periphyton-water quality relationships along a nutrient gradient in the northern Florida Everglades. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 15:433-449.
McCormick, P.V. & Stevenson, R.J. 1998. Periphyton as a tool for ecological assessment and management in the Florid everglandes. J. Phycol. 34:726-733.
McGlathery, K.J., Anderson, I.C. & Tyler, A.C. 2001. Magnitude and variability of benthic and pelagic metabolism in a temperate coastal lagoon. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 216:1-15.
Nixon, S.W. 1995. Coastal marine eutrophication: a definition, social causes, and future concerns. OPHELIA 41:199-219.
Odum, E.P. 1984. The mesocosm. BioScience 34:558-562.
Oviatt, C., Doering, P., Nowicki, B., Reed, L., Cole, J. & Frithsen, J. 1995. An ecosystem-level experiment on nutrient limitation in temperate coastal marine environments. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 116:171-179.
Pai, S.-C., Gong, G.-C. & Liu, K.-K. 1993. Determination of dissolved oxygen in the seawater by direct spectrophotometry of total iodine. Mar. Chem. 41:343-351.
Parsons, T.R., Maita, Y. & Lalli, C.M. (eds) 1984. A manual of chemical and biological methods for seawater analysis. Pergamon Press, Oxford, p101-104.
Potvin, C. & Roff, D.A. 1993. Distribution-free and robust statistical methods: viable alternatives to parametric statistics? Ecology 74:1617-1628.
Rodusky, A.J., Steinman, A.D., East, T.L., Sharfstein, B. & Meeker, R.H. 2001. Periphyton nutrient limitation and other potential growth-controlling factors in Lake Okeechobee, U.S.A. Hydrobiologia 448:27-39.
Ryther, J.H. 1989. Historical perspective of phytoplankton blooms on Long Island and the green tides of the 1950’s. In: Cosper, E.M., Bricelj, V.M., Carpenter (eds) Novel phytoplankton blooms. Coastal and estuarine studies. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 375-381.
Sabater, S, Gregory, S.V. & Sedell, J.R. 1998. Community dynamics and metabolism of benthic algae colonizing wood and rock substrata in a forest stream. J. Phycol. 34:561-567.
Schindler, D.W. 1975. Whole-lake eutrophication experiments with phosphorus, nitrogen and carbon. Verh int Verein theor abgew Limnol. 19:3221-3231.
Shirley, E.A.C. 1987. Applications of ranking methods to multiple comparison procedures and factorial experiments. Appl. Statist. 36:205-213.
Smith, S.V. & Atkinson, M.J. 1984. Phosphorus limitation of net production in a confined aquatic system. Nature 307:626-627.
Stevenson, R.J. 1996. An introduction to algal ecology in freshwater benthic habitats. In: Stevenson, R.J., Bothwell, M.L. & Lowe, R.L. (eds) Algal ecology: freshwater benthic ecosystems. Academic Press, San Diego, California, p3-30.
Taylor, D.I., Nixon, S.W., Granger, S.L. & Buckley, B.A. 1995a. Nutrient limitation and the eutrophication of coastal lagoons . Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 127:235-244.
Taylor, D.I., Nixon, S.W., Granger, S.L., Buckley, B.A., McMahon, J.P. & Lin, H.-J. 1995b. Response of coastal lagoon plant communities to different forms of nutrient enrichment-- a mesocosm experiment. Aquat. Bot. 52:19-34.
Vadeboncoeur, Y. & Lodge, D. M. 2000. Periphyton production on wood and sediment : substratum-specific response to laboratory and whole-lake nutrient manipulations. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 19:68-81.
Vadeboncoeur, Y., Lodge, D.M. & Carpenter, S.R. 2001. Whole-lake fertilization effects on distribution of primary production between benthic and pelagic habitats. Ecology 82:1065-1077.
Weitzel, R.L. 1979. Periphyton measurements and applications. In: Weitzel, R.L. (ed) Methods and measurements of periphyton communities: a review. ASTM STP 690. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, p3-33.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊