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研究生:蘇姿櫻
研究生(外文):Tzu-Ying Su
論文名稱:台灣殼斗科植物癭之研究
論文名稱(外文):Galls of the Family Fagaceae in Taiwan
指導教授:陳明義陳明義引用關係楊正澤楊正澤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-Yih ChenJeng-Tze Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:植物學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:殼斗科植物癭
外文關鍵詞:Fagaceaeplant galls
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台灣殼斗科植物有7屬51種,廣泛分布在低海拔至高海拔山區。本
研究自2000年7月至2001年12月在台灣地區之6屬24種殼斗科植物共發現到
76型蟲癭。產癭部位以葉部最多,共有58型(73.3%)。除石櫟屬發生在
花序與發生在葉部同為4型外,其餘各屬皆以發生在葉部較多。依外部型
態歸類,殼斗科植物癭有被覆型蟲癭、隆凸狀蟲癭、摺疊狀蟲癭、捲曲狀
蟲癭、囊袋狀蟲癭,其中以被覆型蟲癭較多(69.8%);依內部組織,則
以原質性蟲癭較多(75.0%)。
台灣地區殼斗科造癭昆蟲之產癭大致配合植物之物候期。石櫟屬7
月至10月為其開花結果期,此期間所採集之蟲癭大多發生在花序;而麻櫟
屬冬季落葉,在12月至2月間沒有發現蟲癭。殼斗科植物在3∼6月間為抽
葉時期,在此時段發現植物癭之數量偏低。
同屬不同種間有外型相似的蟲癭,也有各種特有的蟲癭,造癭昆蟲
對親緣相近之寄主植物有專一性,因此蟲癭外型可作為辨別產癭植物物種
之一項輔證。將發生在青剛櫟屬9種植物上之43型蟲癭加以統計,藉由青
剛櫟屬種間蟲癭之相似性,使用Jaccard係數及UPGMA歸群方法,分析青剛
櫟屬植物之蟲癭外形相似性為:(赤皮(((((青剛櫟,狹葉高山櫟)
(錐果櫟,捲斗櫟))(圓果青剛櫟,森氏櫟))黑櫟)毽子櫟))。

The Fagaceae, consisting 7 genera and 51 species, widely
distributes from low elevation to high mountain area in Taiwan.
Plant galls of Fagaceae in Taiwan were investigated from July,
2000 to December, 2001. We found 76 types of insect galls from
6 genera with 24 species of Fagaceae. 58 types(73.3%) of
galls were found on the leaf part. All genera of Fagaceae bear
more galls on the leaf part except Pasania, which shows 4
types on the flowers and 4 types on the leaves. Based on the
basic gall types as, covering galls, mark galls, fold galls,
roll galls and pouch galls were found, and covering galls
(69.8%)were the most common. According to the inside tissue
structure, the prosoplasmatic galls (75.0%)were more common
than kataplasmatic galls. That implies that most of the
Fagaceae galls have highly differentiated tissues.
Based on preliminary results, we found that gall inducing
of insects associated with the phenology of Fagaceae plants.
The Pasania plants blossom and bear fruits during July to
October. Most insect galls found on this genus in this period
were on the anthotaxy. However, the Quercus fell leaves during
winter, and no insect galls of this genus were found from
December to February. The leafing period of all Fagaceae plants
was during March to June, and the gall, were much rarer during
this period.
Insects induce similar or different shapes of gall among
the species of the same genus. Gall inducing insects have close
relationships with host plants. These particular insect galls
could help to identify the plant species. Using Jaccard
coefficient and UPGMA clustering, dendrogram of 9 species of
Cyclobalanopsis according to their 43 gall types was made. The
relationships among the species of Cyclobalanopsis were grouped
as: (Cyclobalanopsis gilva(((((Cyclobalanopsis glauca ,
Cyclobalanopsis stenophylloides)( Cyclobalanopsis longinux ,
Cyclobalanopsis pachyloma))( Cyclobalanopsis globosa ,
Cyclobalanopsis morii)) Cyclobalanopsis myrsinifolia)
Cyclobalanopsis sessilifolia)).

圖次 ……………………………………………………………… Ⅰ
表次 ……………………………………………………………… Ⅱ
摘要 ……………………………………………………………… Ⅲ
Abstract ………………………………………………………… Ⅳ
I. 前言 ………………………………………………………… 1
II. 前人研究 …………………………………………………… 2
III. 材料與方法 ……………………………………………… 6
一. 採集地點 ………………………………………………… 6
二. 癭體調查 ………………………………………………… 6
三. 青剛櫟屬種之歸群 ……………………………………… 6
IV. 結果與討論 ………………………………………………… 8
一. 各型蟲癭之特徵…………………………………………… 8
二. 癭型之歸類………………………………………………… 24
三. 殼斗科之造癭昆蟲 ……………………………………… 27
四. 青剛櫟屬種間蟲癭之異同 ……………………………… 28
五. 青剛櫟屬種之歸群 ……………………………………… 29
六. 造癭昆蟲和產癭植物之地理分佈 ……………………… 30
Ⅴ. 結論 ………………………………………………………… 31
Ⅵ. 參考文獻 …………………………………………………… 32
附錄一. 台灣地區殼斗科植物癭採集紀錄 …………………… 72

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