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研究生:吳青育
研究生(外文):Ching-Yu Wu
論文名稱:貯運溫度,乙烯抑制劑,植物生長調節劑及鈣處理對聖誕紅採後品質劣變之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Shipping Temperature, Ethylene Inhibitors, Plant Growth Regulators and Calcium on Postharvest Quailty of Poinsettia
指導教授:林瑞松林瑞松引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ruey-Song lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:園藝學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:脫落鈣化物細胞分裂素吉伯素硫代硫酸銀氨基醋酸
外文關鍵詞:abcissioncalcium compoundscytokininsgibberellinSTSAOA
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陸、中文摘要(Summary)
本試驗在探討不同貯運溫度及貯運前施用植物生長調節劑、鈣或乙烯抑制劑對兩聖誕紅品種 ‘倍利’ 與 彼得之星’採後品質之影響。
經過5、10、15、20、25℃貯運7天,隨著貯運溫度升高,葉片和大戟花序的脫落率增加,植株在25℃貯運下,葉片和大戟花序脫落情形最嚴重,5℃的環境下貯運會產生寒害。
於15℃下貯運7天前噴灑乙烯抑制劑、不同鈣源或植物生長調節劑的結果為,STS(0.5、1、2 mM)或AOA(0.5、1、2、3 mM)之處理無法抑制葉片和大戟花序脫落,且在高濃度下會有藥害的情形發生。鈣處理對聖誕紅採後品質影響上依品種、器官及鈣化物有所不同。氯化鈣處理可抑制大戟花序與苞片脫落,但無法延緩葉片脫落。硝酸鈣處理無法抑制兩品種採後葉片脫落,但可延緩’倍利’大戟花序脫落及兩品種苞片脫落,有效抑制脫落濃度則以50ppm最好。醋酸鈣處理有抑制’倍利’葉片和大戟花序脫落的效果,其中以100ppm的效果最好,相反的,醋酸鈣處理無法延緩’彼得之星’葉片和大戟花序脫落,在苞片方面,醋酸鈣對兩品種皆有延緩脫落的效果。不同鈣源合併使用15μM BA之處理則可有效維持聖誕紅 ‘倍利’ 和 ‘彼得之星’ 採後品質。Kinetin 、BA、GA3處理對聖誕紅採後品質有不同影響,兩品種對處理的反應亦不相同。Kinetin無法改善兩品種採後葉片和大戟花序脫落的問題。BA 濃度250和500 ppm之處理可降低 ‘倍利’ 葉片脫落率,但250和750 ppm的濃度則會促進大戟花序脫落,在‘彼得之星’ 方面,則可延緩葉片和大戟花序脫落。GA3處理會促進兩品種葉片與大戟花序脫落。合併施用等量BA和GA3抑制葉片脫落之效果較單獨處理BA時好,但250和500 ppm 之濃度處理則有促進 ‘倍利’ 大戟花序脫落之效果。
Two cultivars of potted poinsettia (''Pepride'' and ''Peter Star'') were tested to study the effectiveness of storage temperature and preharvest spraying with ethylene inhibitors, calcic compounds and plant growth regulators on the post-storage quality. Qualities of each plant were assessed at a 30-days evaluation period under interior condition after stored in refrigerator for 7 days.
After stored at 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25℃, it was found that abscission of leave and cyathia was increased with lifting storage temperature. The most abscission was occurred at 25℃, but more slight at 10 or 15℃. When stored at 5℃, both cultivars were subject to chilling injury.
In preharvest spraying experiments, storage temperature was 15℃, treating with silver thiosulfate (STS) and aminooxyacetic acid (AOA) alone at concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 mM and 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 mM could not inhibit leaf and cyathia abscission at evaluation period but caused phytotoxicity at the highest concentrations.
The effectiveness of foliar spraying with calcium chloride (CaCl2), calcium nitrate (Ca(NO3)2), or calcium acetate respectively at 50, 100, 200 and 400 ppm were dependent on cultivars, organs and compounds. Treating with CaCl2 could inhibit cyathium and bract abscission, but not reduce leaf abscission. Treatinh with Ca(NO3)2 could not leaf abscission of both cultivars but could delay cyathium abscission of ‘Pepride’ and bract abscission of both cultivars.The most effective concentration was at 50 ppm. Spraying with calcium acetate could inhibit leaf and cyathium abscission of ''Pepride'' and the most effective concontration was at 100 ppm. In contrast, spraying with calcium acetate could delay bract abscission of both cultivars.
The results of applications with kinetin, N-(phenylmethyl)-1-H-purine-6-amine (BA) and gibberellic acid (GA3) were very different. Spraying with kinetin could not resolve the problems of leaf and cyathium abscission. BA at 250 and 750 ppm could promote cyathium abscission, but reduced leaf abscission of ''Pepride'' at 250 and 500 ppm. Applications with BA could also improve quality of ''Peter Star''. All concentrations of GA3 promoted leaf and cyathium abscission of both of cultivars.
Treating with equalization mixes of BA and GA3 were more effective to prevent leaf abscission than with BA alone, but the mixes at 250 and 500 ppm increased cyathia abscission of ''Pepride''. Combinations different calcic solutions and 15μM BA could improve postharvest quality of both cultivars.
壹、 前言(Introduction)……………………………………………1
貳、 前人研究(Literature review)…………………………………3
參、 材料與方法(Material and methods)…………………………21
肆、 結果(Results)…………………………………………………26
伍、 討論(Discussion)………………………………………………59
陸、 中文摘要(Summary)……………………………………………73
柒、 英文摘要(English summary)…………………………………75
捌、 參考文獻(Reference)…………………v………………………77
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