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研究生:謝耀增
研究生(外文):Yao-Tseng Hsieh
論文名稱:檢疫燻蒸處理及保鮮劑對菊花及唐菖蒲切花品質的影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Quarantine Treatment with Fumigation and Preservative on the Quality of Cut Chrysanthemum and Gladiolus Flowers
指導教授:林瑞松林瑞松引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ruey-Song Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:園藝學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:139
中文關鍵詞:菊花唐菖蒲檢疫燻蒸脯胺酸胺基三唑
外文關鍵詞:chrysanthemumgladiolusquarantinefumigationprolineaminotriazole
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中文摘要(Summary)
本試驗使用外銷等級之''白東洋''與''黃秀鳳''菊花及''阿姆斯特丹''、''FG223''、''粉巨人''、''Princ. Marg. Rose''唐菖蒲為試驗材料,探討切花使用不同化學藥劑預措處理對於燻蒸及冷藏後切花品質劣變及生理之影響,並研究不同溫度下使用不同化學藥劑預措處理、不同預措時間、不同離水時間處理對切花品質及生理作用。
菊花''白東洋''品種燻蒸後葉片並無藥害情況發生,舌狀花則依不同成熟度區分,而有不同的藥害程度,''黃秀鳳''品種燻蒸後,葉片及花朵都無藥害發生,但花朵開放情況較差,使用不同濃度Proline及ATA預措處理結果顯示,此兩種化學藥劑並無法有效改善花朵外觀的藥害,然而使用10 mM Proline預措處理,在初期能有效促進花朵開放及維持葉片品質,並且降低呼吸率及乙烯生成量。唐菖蒲''阿姆斯特丹''、''FG223''、 ''粉巨人''品種在燻蒸後,花朵及葉片都無藥害情況發生,其中Proline預措處理相較於ATA處理組之切花,能明顯改善切花品質。本試驗結果顯示,菊花''白東洋''對燻蒸耐受性較差,建議不宜進行檢疫燻蒸處理,而''黃秀鳳''燻蒸後雖無明顯藥害產生,但花朵開放性會變差,可使用Proline預措處理來改善切花品質。唐菖蒲供試驗品種燻蒸後皆無藥害產生,配合10 mM Proline預措處理檢疫燻蒸後品質仍可接受。
''黃秀鳳''菊花及''FG223''唐菖蒲在不同溫度下預措,使用10 mM Proline處理之切花,都能有效的提高切花品質,而相較之下,在15℃及25℃之下使用70 mM ATA進行預措處理,則濃度明顯偏高,會造成毒害而使切花品質明顯變差。''黃秀鳳''使用10 mM Proline預措8小時,與對照組切花相較之下,可延長瓶插壽命,且在瓶插初期能促進花朵的開放,而唐菖蒲''Princ. Marg. Rose''以10 mM Proline預措4小時,則明顯加速小花開放及延緩花朵萎凋。
菊花‘黃秀鳳’及唐菖蒲’Princ. Marg. Rose’未經離水處理,各處理組瓶插壽命、吸水量與鮮重變化、花朵開放、葉片品質並無顯著差異,然而經離水處理的切花,使用Proline預措相較於未處理的對照組,在瓶插初期能促進花朵開放,且在瓶插後期能延緩呼吸率上升及減少乙烯的生成,而且離水時間越長作用越明顯,其中以離水12小時效果最顯著。
Summary
Two cultivars of chrysanthemum ‘Pai Tong Yang’ ,and ‘ Huang Shou Fong’ and four cultivars of gladiolus ‘ Amsterdam’ , ‘ FG223’, ‘Pink Giant’, and ‘Princ. Marg. Rose’ which are special varieties for export to Japan were tested in this studies to investigate the quality deterioration and physiological effect of cut flowers processed with different pulsing solution then cold storaged after fumigation, and pursued the physiological effect of cut flowers under different pulsing solution at different temperature then storaged, different pulsing time, and different dehydration time.
There is no toxicity on the leaves of chrysanthemum ‘Pai Tong Yang’ ,but there are different toxic levels with different maturity of tongue petals. There is no toxicity on any part of chrysanthemum ‘Huang Shou Fong’ treated with fumigation, but the flower diameter was shorter. Pulsing with different concentration of Proline or ATA can’t improve the toxicity on flower appearance, but pulsing with 10 mM Proline improved the flower diameter when they bloomed, keep the quality of leaves, and reduce the respiration and ethylene production. After fumigation, there is no toxicity on three cultivars of gladiolus’ Amsterdam’, ‘FG223’, ‘Pink Giant’. However, in comparison with ATA, Proline improved the flower quality obviously.
The studies show that ‘Pai Tong Yang’ has worse tolerance of fumigation, so we suggest that it is not suitable for quarantine treatment of fumigation. However, there is no obvious toxicity on ‘Huang Shou Fong’ after fumigation, but the flower blooming diameter was shorter. The research result presented that flowers pulsed with 10 mM Proline improved the flower guality. There were no toxicity on these three cultivars of gladiolus. The gladiolus with fumigation by pulsing with Proline made quality of flower acceptable.
Pulsing processed at in different temperature, the cut flower quality of chrysanthemum’ Huang Shou Fong’ and gladiolus ‘FG223’pulsed with 10mM Proline may be obviously improved. Instead, there is toxicity appearance on the cut flowers and the quality become worse by pulsing with 70 mM ATA at 15℃ and 25℃. Pulsed with 10 mM Proline for 8 hrs, ‘Huang Shou Fong’, compared with others, can prolong the vase life, and improve the flower opening diameter during the beginning vase life. Pulsed with 10 mM Proline for 4 hrs, Gladiolus cultivar ‘Princ. Marg. Rose’ may obviously increase the florets opening and decrease the wilted florets.
There is no significant effect on vase life, water uptake, fresh weight change, flower opening and the quality of leaves of chrysanthemum ‘Huang Shou Fong’ and gladiolus ‘Princ. Marg. Rose’ without dehydration. However, the cut flowers with dehydration treatment then pulsed with Proline improved the flower opening during the beginning vase life and decreased the respiration and ethylene during the final vase life. Moreover, Proline improved flower quality and worked on better effect when flowers stayed longer dehydration. The most effective was 12 hrs dehydration.
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