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研究生:林憶蘋
研究生(外文):Yi-Pin Lin
論文名稱:金門地區觀光發展衝擊認知變遷之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Longitudinal Comparative Study on the Perception of Tourism Impacts in Kin-Men
指導教授:歐聖榮歐聖榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sheng-Jung Ou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:園藝學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:觀光衝擊觀光發展循環理論態度比較研究
外文關鍵詞:tourism impactstourism development cycle theoryattitudecomparative study
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:47
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:14
本研究主要目的是探討金門居民對觀光發展在當地所造成的經濟、社會文化和環境衝擊之認知,並比較不同屬性居民(即一般居民和與觀光政策較相關的居民團體)對發展觀光之認知與態度是否有差異。另一個目的是要比較不同時期居民和不同社經背景居民對觀光發展的認知與態度。
本研究經抽樣後,得有效樣本共600份,一般居民為542份,而特殊居民為58份,經統計分析結果獲得主要結論如下:
1. 一般居民和特殊居民皆贊同金門發展觀光事業,不過在社會文化和
環境方面的負面衝擊之認知上卻有些許差異。
2. 居民社經背景不同,其對觀光發展之態度並沒有顯著差異。
3. 經由本研假設檢定可知,不同時期居民對觀光發展的態度確實會有
所差異。
金門地區正值觀光發展重點工作的時期,此結果可提供給政策執行及規劃者參考,本研究亦認為在進行持續觀光發展建設時,當地民眾的意見及態度的持續監測調查是非常重要的。
The main purposes of this study were to discuss residents’ perception of tourism impacts in Kim-Men, and to compare differences of perception and attitude toward tourism development between general residents and special residents related to tourism policy making and execution. Another purpose is to compare differences of local perception and attitude toward tourism development between 1994 to 2002.
Through sampling, the study obtained 600 valid samples in total, including 542 general residents and 58 special residents. Using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and factor analysis, the study results were summarized as follows:
1. General residents and special residents all agreed to develop tourism in Kim-Men. However, there existed few differences of perception in social-cultural and environmental impacts.
2. The study results also indicated that there was no significant difference of attitude in tourism development among residents with different socio-economic background characteristics.
3. Through testing result, different time residents have different attitude toward tourism development.
Now, tourism development is an important policy in Kin-Men. The study results can provide policy maker and planner an consultation. Besides, testing social opinion and attitude all the time is very important when developing tourism.
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究動機與問題……………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的與重要性…………………………………………3
第三節 研究內容與流程……………………………………………4
第四節 研究範圍與限制……………………………………………6
第二章 文獻回顧………………………………………………………7
第一節 觀光遊憩發展對當地社會影響之內涵……………………7
第二節 觀光遊憩發展對當地社會影響之架構模式理論…………15
第三節 相關研究案例之說明………………………………………27
第三章 研究方法………………………………………………………30
第一節 研究地點概述………………………………………………30
第二節 研究架構與假設……………………………………………35
第三節 研究設計……………………………………………………36
第四節 分析方法之理論與應用……………………………………46
第四章 結果與討論……………………………………………………48
第一節 受訪居民性質概述…………………………………………48
第二節 觀光發展相關問項之結果統計……………………………54
第三節 觀光發展對金門地區之影響結果統計……………………60
第四節 相關假設之檢定……………………………………………67
第五節 居民認知隨觀光發展縱向時間軸改變結果分析比較……75
第六節 不同屬性居民對金門觀光發展之態度與衝擊之差異性
分析比較……………………………………………………80
第七節 結果討論……………………………………………………85
第五章 結論與建議……………………………………………………92
第一節 結論…………………………………………………………92
第二節 後續研究建議………………………………………………94
參考文獻 ………………………………………………………………96
附錄I……………………………………………………………………100
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