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研究生:洪茂鳳
研究生(外文):Mao-Feng Hung
論文名稱:幼稚園教室綠化對學童注意力之影響
論文名稱(外文):The effect of plants on preschool children''s attention in the classroom
指導教授:張俊彥
指導教授(外文):Chun-Yen Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:園藝學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:幼稚園注意力學齡前兒童綠化教室
外文關鍵詞:kidergartendirected attentionpreschool childrenplantingclassroom
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本研究目的為探討教室內環境的綠化與兒童的直接注意力是否相關,並討論在不同課程種類及不同專注力的高低下,室內環境綠化與兒童注意力的關係。本研究共為期六週,依實驗環境綠化程度的不同,1-2週為前測階段,3-4週為未綠化環境,5-6週為經植物綠化的環境。研究地點為幼稚園教室,樣本為12位幼稚園學童,採用量化及質化研究方法並行。在量化的研究方法上,將學童的注意力行為分類依程度不同分為六類,並使用「間歇記錄法」評量其上課的注意力,以10秒觀察,5秒記錄的方式,觀察其注意力行為,共得3749次有效次數。在統計操作上,則以「教室環境綠化有無」為自變項,「兒童注意力行為」為依變項,經列聯表及卡方檢定,測試其關聯性。在質化的研究方法上,則是記錄上課情況的現場筆記,將記錄的內容一一登入至質性研究軟體NUD.IST v.3.02,並以類統計式的分析方法加以分析。
在量化統計結果方面,P值達顯著水準,表示環境的綠化與兒童注意力之間是相關,綠化環境有助於兒童上課的注意力的提升。在不同的課程種類下,則發現綠化環境有助於兒童上課的注意力的提升有程度上的差異。而在不同的個人特質下,專注度較高的兒童,在綠化環境下注意力的強化效果也較專注度低的兒童來得好。而在質化研究的結果發現,環境綠化有助於兒童注意力的提升,無論在何種課程下或是學童專注度高低的不同皆顯示,在綠化的環境下,兒童注意力有較佳的表現。根據量化及質化的研究結論,總體而言,結果均說明室內綠化環境有助於兒童上課的注意力表現。
The purpose of this study is to test the relationship between child’s direct attentions with the planting vs. non-planting classroom. Controlling of different kinds of classes and different levels of children’s attention characters. Six testing weeks were arranged in a kindergarten. Week 1 and 2 were the pilot study period. During week 3 and 4, the classroom was arranged without plant. While during week 5 and 6, the classroom was arranged with plants. There are 12 children in this classroom. Both the quantitative and the qualitative method were applied to collect children’s attention condition. For the quantities recording method, the children’s attentive was categorized into 6 levels. The “Interval Recording Method” was applied with 10 seconds observation and 5 seconds recording periods. Finally, 3749 observation sections were recorded during these 6 weeks. The planting was used as the independent variable and the child’s attention behavior were used as independent variable for crosstabulation analysis. The NUD.IST v3.02 were used for the content analysis of the qualitative notes of children’s attentive records.
Result of quantitative analysis shows planting classroom increases children’s attention level. The increasing attention effects various with different kinds of classes. Children with better attention characters have better benefit during the planting section. Results of the qualitative analysis show the planting effect increasing child’s attention in all different kinds of classes and all levels of children’s attention character.
目 錄
第一章 緒論....................................................................…...1
第一節 研究背景與動機..............................................................….1
第二節 研究目的............................................................…………...3
第二章 文獻回顧.................................................................…4
第一節 注意力的理論基礎.............................................................….4
第二節 以成人為對象的相關研究-自然窗景與恢復性活動的影響...........7
第三節 以兒童為對象的相關研究-自然環境對兒童的影響…………..10
第三章 研究架構與假說............................…..........................16
第一節 研究變項及架構................................................................…16
第二節 研究假設.........................................................................…..16
第四章 研究操作方法.............................................................16 第一節 研究設計調查.............................................…….17
第二節 研究調查工具...................................................................…18
第三節 研究分析方法..................................................................….30
第五章 研究結果....................................................................34
第一節 量化資料結果...................................................................…34
第二節 質化資料結果...................................................................…44
第三節 量性研究方法與質化研究方法之研究結果比較....................48
第六章 研究建議...............................................................….49
第一節 結論與建議..............................................................………49
第二節 未來研究建議..............................................................……54
參考文獻.................................................................................55
附錄........................................................................................57
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Taylor, A. F., Wiley, A., Kuo, F. E.& Sullivan, W. C. (1998). Growing up in the inner city: Green spaces as places to grow. Environment and Behavior, 30, 3-27.
Taylor, A. F., Wiley, A., Kuo, F. E.& Sullivan, W. C. (2001). Coping with ADD the surprising connection to green play settings. Environment and Behavior, 33(1), 54-77.
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