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研究生:黃文星
研究生(外文):Wen Shin Huang
論文名稱:民族意識對農產品消費行為之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Ethnocentrism on Agricultural Product Consumption Behavior in Taiwan
指導教授:郭義忠郭義忠引用關係
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:農業經濟學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:農業經濟及推廣學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:民族意識消費行為購買意願
外文關鍵詞:CETSCALE
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隨著台灣加入WTO世貿組織以及國內市場的日益開放,國人在面對國內外農產品時,是否會基於情感因素而優先選擇國產農產品,成為農政單位與農業從事人員關注的議題。
從消費者行為理論的觀點來看,消費者在進行購買決策時,除了考量產品屬性的表現績效外,同時亦可能受到情感因素的影響。本文利用Shimp及Sharma於1987年所提出的CETSCALE衡量工具來測定國人的民族意識程度,並探討國人在選購國內外農產品時,該意識所可能產生的影響效果,所分析的農產品種類則包括有豬肉、葡萄及一般農產品等項目。
本文分析所使用資料乃是透過問卷調查而取得,針對國內三大都會區以及三大農業縣進行抽樣調查,先藉由比例分層抽樣(proportionate stratified sampling)決定出各縣市樣本數目,而後,透過調查人員並採便利抽樣(convenience sampling)方式進行訪問。
在探討文中各項議題之前,本文先行針對CETSCALE衡量工具的單一構面(unidimensionality)以及信度(reliability)進行驗證,以確認其在國內的適用性,經由驗證性因素分析(CFA)以及Cronbach α係數之佐證,確認該工具應用於國內的適用性。之後,根據問卷回收資料計算得知,國人平均民族意識程度遠較鄰近國家韓國所測者為低。
在影響國人民族意識程度的因素方面,受訪者年齡、所得、教育程度、戶籍地以及家中目前有無從事農作等變數明顯與國人民族意識程度有關。至於民族意識所產生的影響效果方面,透過多階模型(multilevel models)處理後,除了確認民族意識會影響國人對農產品的態度及購買意願外,且對於國內、外農產品分別產生正、負向的效果,惟其影響程度遠較產品屬性評價為低。
The entrance of Taiwan to the World Trade Organization(WTO) and the opening of the domestic market will provide consumers with more product choices than ever. However, the impact of imported products on domestic agricultural production concerns most of the farmers and agricultural officers. Whether consumers have more preference for native agricultural products than foreign products become an interesting subject in designing marketing policies for domestic farm products.
From the perspective of consumer behavior theory, consumers will evaluate the performance of the products’ attributes when they make the purchase decisions. In addition, consumers’ emotion probably influence their final decisions. This study use the Consumer Ethnocentrism Tendencies Scale(CETSCALE)designed by Shimp and Sharma(1987)to measure consumer ethnocentrism and to investigate the effects of ethnocentrism on buying domestic and foreign agricultural products. Pork、grape and generic agricultural products are selected as representative products.
Data were collected through questionnaire investigation from a sample containing 400 consumers. Subjects from three metropolises, including Taipei, Taichung and Kaohsiung and three main agricultural counties, including Yunlin, Changhua and Tainan were asked to respond all the questions of the questionnaire.
The CETSCALE, a 10-items measure of consumer ethnocentrism , was subjected to validation tests, including the unidimensionality and reliability. Both sets of results of the Confirmatory factor analysis and the reliability analysis support the applicability of the CETSCALE in Taiwan. The average scores on the CETSCALE are 3.66 which are lower than Korean’s.
Research reveals that consumer ethnocentric tendencies are related to consumers’ age, income, and educational level. The effects of the ethnocentrism on consumers’ buying attitudes are analyzed through the multilevel models. The results confirm the relationships that scores on the CETSCALE are positive correlated with consumer’s attitudes and willingness toward purchasing domestic agricultural products and negative correlated with foreign products. However, these correlations are not as strong as the correlations between products attributes evaluations and attitudes and willingness.
目 錄
頁 次
第壹章 緒論 -- 1
第一節 問題緣起與研究動機 …… 1
第二節 研究目的 …… 3
第三節 背景說明 …… 4
第四節 研究範圍與資料來源 …… 7
第貳章 文獻回顧 -- 9
第一節 產品『來源國,Country-of-Origin 』相關文獻 …… 9
第二節 『消費者民族意識』相關文獻 …… 14
第參章 理論基礎 -- 23
第一節 消費者態度形成模式 …… 23
第二節 消費者民族意識 …… 28
第肆章 研究設計與分析方法 -- 30
第一節 研究架構與驗證假說 …… 30
第二節 問卷設計與資料收集 …… 33
第三節 分析方法 …… 38
第伍章 實證結果分析 -- 47
第一節 受訪者基本資料說明 …… 47
第二節 國人對國內外農產品之相關看法 …… 50
第三節 國人民族意識程度之測定及分析 …… 54
第四節 消費者購買意願模式之實證結果 …… 58
第陸章 結論與建議 -- 64
第一節 結論 …… 64
第二節 建議 …… 66
第三節 未來研究方向 …… 68
參考文獻 …… 69
附錄 …… 78
問卷 …… 79
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