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研究生:張原謀
研究生(外文):Chang, Yuan-Mou
論文名稱:南仁山地區拉都希氏赤蛙的能量收支
論文名稱(外文):Energy budget for Latouche''s frog, Rana latouchii from Nanjenshan
指導教授:侯平君侯平君引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hou, Ping-Chun
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:生物學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:拉都希氏赤蛙能量收支同化效率轉化效率代謝馴化耗氧量線團追蹤法
外文關鍵詞:Rana latouchiienergy budgetassimilation efficiencyconversion efficiencymetabolic acclimationoxygen consumptionthread bobbins
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本研究的目的在估算墾丁南仁山地區冬季(12-1月)及春季(3-4月)非生殖拉都希氏赤蛙的食物能量收支。測量的變數包括每日攝食能量(I),每日糞便能量(F)及每日代謝能量(R),再由上述變數推測次級生產量(P)。I及F由野外採集青蛙,在實驗室餵食蟋蟀來估算。R分成休息及運動兩部分。前者以實驗室內測得之休息耗氧量或標準耗氧量與溫度之迴歸關係推算;後者則以線團法追蹤野外個體每日移動之距離推算。結果顯示拉都希氏赤蛙之I,雄蛙為287.2- 351.2 J g-1 day-1,雌蛙為220.9 J g-1 day-1;F,雄蛙為17.9 - 21.9 J g-1 day-1,雌蛙為17.4 J g-1 day-1;同化效率為90-92﹪。拉都希氏赤蛙的代謝受一日內活動時段、溫度歷史、季節及性別的影響。在較高的溫度(25℃以上)下,晚上的休息耗氧量會高於白天的標準耗氧量;但在溫度較低(20℃以下)時,兩者沒有差異。馴養在較低溫度之個體,標準代謝率比馴養在較高溫度者高,但此現象在雌蛙較明顯,在雄蛙要馴化溫度降到15℃,且在某些月份(6-7月、9-10月)才有顯著差異。從3-4月到6-7月雄蛙的標準代謝率上升了35-43﹪,到了9-10月又降回到3-4月的水準。此現象與大多數熱帶兩棲類代謝率不受馴化溫度及季節影響的情況不同。在較高的溫度(25℃)下,雄蛙單位體重的標準耗氧量高於雌蛙;但在較低的溫度(20℃)下,則與雌蛙沒有差異。拉都希氏赤蛙每日的平均移動距離為6公尺,推估其運動能量消耗僅佔每日代謝耗能的0.8﹪。因此,只以每日休息代謝耗能代表每日代謝耗能R,約佔I的11-13﹪。拉都希氏赤蛙之P,雄蛙為233 — 292 J g-1 day-1,雌蛙為176 J g-1 day-1;轉化效率在83 - 88﹪,因此可以有效的將同化能量轉換成次級生產量,供其他生物利用。
Rana latouchii, from a lowland rainforest in southern Taiwan were estimated. Ingested energy (I), egested energy (F), and daily energy expenditure (DEE) were measured in order to calculate secondary production (P) of this species. I and E were estimated from non-breeding frogs fed with crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus) ad libitum in the laboratory. DEE was calculated from distance traveled in the field and the resting oxygen consumption (Vo2) measured in the laboratory. I, F, and AE were 287.2-351.2 J g-1 day-1, 17.9-21.9 J g-1 day-1, and 0.91-0.92, respectively, for adult male frogs. Those were 220.9 J g-1 day-1, 17.4 J g-1 day-1, and 0.90, respectively, for adult female frogs. The resting metabolic rates of Latouche’s frogs varied with times of a day, acclimation temperatures, seasons, and sexes. Resting Vo2’s measured at night were 25-34﹪ higher than those measured at daytime (SMR) at higher experimental temperatures. SMR in both male and female frogs changes with acclimation temperatures. SMR in males frogs increased when acclimated at 15oC for two weeks in summer (June-July) and fall (September-October). SMR of female frogs in summer also increased when acclimation at 20 oC for two weeks. Frogs collected from different months showed different SMR’s even when they had been acclimated at some temperatures for two weeks. Mean SMR of the summer frogs was 35-43﹪higher than the spring and fall frogs. Furthermore, SMR per unit body mass in male frogs were 27﹪higher than that of the females at 25 oC, but were similar to that of the females at 20 oC. Mean distance traveled by individual frogs was 32.91 and 566.01 cm for daytime and nighttime, respectively. Because the energy spent in locomotion (L) by Latouche’s frogs was less than 1% of daily resting Vo2, L is ignored from the calculation of DEE. The estimated DEE was 11-13% of the ingested energy. P were 233-292 and 176 J day-1 for males and female frogs respectively. The conversion efficiencies (CE) were 83-88% for Latouche’s frogs. Therefore, Latouche’s frogs are efficient energy transformers in the forest ecosystems.
中文摘要 ----------------------------------------------I
英文摘要 ----------------------------------------------II
致謝 --------------------------------------------------IV
目錄 --------------------------------------------------V
表目錄 ------------------------------------------------VII
圖目錄 ------------------------------------------------VIII
緒論 --------------------------------------------------1
第一章 一日內活動時段、溫度歷史(thermal history)、季節及性別對拉都希氏赤蛙(Rana latouchii)代謝率的影響 ------2
壹、前言 ---------------------------------------------2
貳、材料與方法 ---------------------------------------5
一、實驗動物與採集地點 ---------------------------5
二、動物採集日期、隻數及馴化方式 ------------------5
三、代謝實驗流程 ---------------------------------6
四、耗氧量之測量 ---------------------------------6
五、溫度係數(Q10)的計算 --------------------------8
六、統計分析 -------------------------------------8
參、結果 ---------------------------------------------10
一、日活動時段之影響 -----------------------------10
二、溫度係數Q10 -----------------------------------10
三、馴化溫度的影響 -------------------------------10
四、季節變化的影響 -------------------------------11
五、耗氧量與溫度之關係 ---------------------------11
六、實驗流程的影響 -------------------------------11
七、性別的影響 -----------------------------------12
肆、討論 ---------------------------------------------13
第二章 拉都希氏赤蛙的能量收支 -------------------------21
壹、前言 ---------------------------------------------21
貳、材料與方法 ---------------------------------------24
一、動物採集地、野外實驗地 ------------------------24
二、每日攝食能量、糞便能量之測定及同化能量之計算 -24
三、每日休息代謝能量之估算 -----------------------26
四、野外個體每日活動代謝能量之估算 ---------------27
五、次級生產量及轉化效率之估算 -------------------28
六、統計分析 -------------------------------------29
參、結果 ---------------------------------------------30
一、攝食能量、糞便能量、同化能量及同化效率 ---------30
二、每日移動距離、每日運動代謝能量及微棲地分析 ----30
三、每日代謝能量消耗 -----------------------------31
四、次級生產量及轉化效率 -------------------------31
肆、討論 ---------------------------------------------32
結論 --------------------------------------------------37
參考文獻 ----------------------------------------------38
表2-1∼3-5 --------------------------------------------43
圖 2-1∼4-1 --------------------------------------------51
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