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研究生:陳諺平
研究生(外文):Yeng-Ping Chen
論文名稱:裝配順序於產品設計流程中的研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Assembly Sequences in Product Design Procedure
指導教授:林銘泉林銘泉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-Chyuan Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系碩博士班
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:裝配順序
外文關鍵詞:assembly sequence
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
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在製造技術不斷的進步與電腦軟體越來越強大的輔助之下,產品設計師面對種種艱難的設計問題時,已經能夠有效的逐一克服,也因此除了造型與機能的考量之外,產品設計有了更大的彈性可以因應來自生產者與消費者兩方面的需求。而產品設計上最容易出現的錯誤,則在於各部門之間的溝通,若採用同步工程的方式來進行設計,則可以解決設計上各部門各自為政的問題,減少因為模具,製造或裝配的因素,而造成設計變更的情形。然而,由於設計上的疏忽,許多設計師在進行產品的開發時,往往會忽略裝配過程可能產生的問題。

裝配過程活動的研究,主要分為兩大類,第一類為裝配操作上的研究,主要是解決如何將一個構件如何與另一個構件結合的問題。另一類則為裝配順序的研究,則為找出一個產品最適合的裝配順序的一種規劃行為,一個良好的裝配順序對於整個展品生產的效率有著很重要的影響。

本研究主要針對產品的裝配順序,發展一套裝配順序組合產生的規劃方法,一個好的規劃方法,不僅僅只是產生切實可行的裝配順序組合,同時還要能夠由其中找出最適合的一組裝配順序,而產品所有可行的裝配順序數量多時,一個有效的裝配順序規劃方法就顯得相當有必要,本研究除了裝配順序的規劃外,同時發展兩個次裝配擷取的裝配順序規劃輔助程序,以降低電腦運算的複雜度。對於所發展的方法,本研究採用一個現有的咖啡壺產品作為案例說明,希望透過裝配順序法則的研究,以及電腦化的程序,來提高產品設計師對於裝配順序的決策效率,使產品設計符合同步工程的精神並強化產品設計的品質。
Hign manufacturing technology and powerful computer software are two important tools for the improvement of product quality and value. With these two useful tools, product designers can overcome lots of critical problem easily. Therefore designers can contribute their efforts to settle more commands from manufacturers and customers.

Concurrent engineering design can be used to avoid separation of each member in a teamwork. If product designers consider problems that might happen in the manufacturing process, the quality of design and product will be promoted. And save the cost in mold manufacturing processes, manufacturing process and assembly process. However, designers seldom consider the assembly problems in their development of a product. In fact, the concept of design for assembly is not newly introduced, but many designers always ignore the problem of assembly process. The assembly process is a combinational optimization problem with the execution of assembly operations and the selection of the assembly sequence of a product. In the assembly operations each operation joins one part of product with another part to form a larger one. The assembly sequence to a product has significant effect on the efficiency of the whole assembly process.

This research focus on the study of assembly sequences in product design procedure. Assembly sequences planning is one field with assembly process. A systematic procedure is needed not only to generate feasible assembly sequences but also to find an optimal sequence to the product. In order to select the most suitable one. However, since there usually exists a large number of feasible sequences, an efficient method to generate assembly sequence is necessary. This research develop assembly sequences assistance procedures to deal with the problem of generating assembly sequences to designers. The applications of the assistance procedures are illustrated using the coffeemaker product. The general approach steps for this research are (1) to develop an easy assembly sequences planner with the assembly rules, (2)to use the computer software in the generation of assembly sequences, and(3)to enhance the computing efficiency by searching for the subassembly. The assembly sequences are then described in a form of hierarchical structure. The results will provide designers with an efficient design procedure without computational complexities.
一、緒論......................................1
1.1研究背景..................................3
1.2 問題陳述.................................5
1.3 研究範圍.................................6
二、文獻探討..................................7
2.1 裝配導向設計方法.........................7
2.1.1 裝配導向設計之主要原則.................8
2.1.2 裝配導向的分析方法.....................8
2.1.3 易裝配性的評估方法....................10
2.1.4 易裝配性數量化的評估方法...............13
2.2 裝配順序的規劃方法......................16
2.3.次裝配輔助裝配順序規劃..................19
2.4.裝配順序於設計階段的發展.................24
2.5.產品範例說明.............................25
三、研究方向.................................27
3.1 研究目標................................27
3.2 本研究之方法途徑........................28
3.3 研究發展之流程與步驟....................29
四、裝配順序規劃方法發展.....................34
4.1 確認產品構件之個數與對應關係............35
4.2 產生產品構件關係矩陣....................39
4.3產生裝配順序組合轉換矩陣與運算...........44
4.4產生合理裝配順序.........................47
五、次裝配輔助裝配順序規劃方法...............55
5.1利用產品結構分解順序裝配法輔助次裝配擷取.55
5.2利用產品組件順序裝配法輔助次裝配擷取.....67
六、最適裝配順序規劃方法評估.................77
6.1裝配順序規劃方法評估準則.................77
6.2裝配順序規劃方法評估結果.................78
七、結論與建議...............................80
參考文獻.....................................82
附錄.........................................85
一、中文部分
黃開義、池文海、黃永清,〝以動態規劃方法求解最佳裝配順序〞,中國工業工程學會八十二年度論文集,頁212-218,民國八十二年,中國工業工程學會。
陳明熙,〝整合設計與裝配輔助程序於產品設計專家系統之發展〞碩士論文,民國八十二年六月。

二、英文部分:
Baldwin,D.F.,Abell,T.E.,Lui,M.M.,De Fazio, T.L., Whitney, D.E., “An Integrared Computer Aid for Genetating and Evaluating Assembly Sequences for Mechanical Products,” IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, Vol.7, No.1, pp.78-94,1991.
Boothroyd, G., Assembly Automation and Product Design, Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1992.
Boothroyd, G. and Dewhurst, P., Product Design for Assembly, Boothroyd Dewhurst, Inc., 1991.
Chakrabarty, S., and Wolter, J., “A Structure-Oriented Approach to Assembly Sequence Planning,”IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, Vol.13, NO.1, pp.14-29, 1997.
Chen, Shiang-Fong and Liu, Y.J., “An Adaptive Genetic Assembly-Sequence Planner,”Int. J. Computer Intergrated Manufacturing, Vol.14, No.5, pp. 489-500, 2001.
Chang, G.A. “A Neural Network Model for the Handling Time of Design for Assembly,”Journal of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Engineers, Vol.19, No.1, pp.35-48, 2002.
Delchambre, I.A., Computer-Aided Assembly Planning, Chapman & Hall, 1992.
Dini, G., and Santochi, M., “Automated Sequencing and Subassembly Detection in Assembly Planning,” Annals of the CIRP, Vol.41, No.1, pp.1-4, 1992.
Fazio T.L., and Whitney, D.E.,“Simplified Generation of All Mechanical Assembly Sequence,” IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation, Vol.3, No.6, pp.648-658, 1987.
Heemskerk, C.J.M., “The Use of Heuristics in Assembly Sequences Planning,” Annals of the CIRP, vol.38, No.1, pp.33-40, 1989.
Ko, H. and Lee, K.,“Automatic Assembly Procedure Generation from Motion Conditions,” Computer-aided Design, Vol.19, No.1, pp.3-9, 1987.
Kroll,E., Lenz, E., and Wolberg , J., “Generation of Exploded Views and Assembly Sequence,” Artifical Itelligence in Engineering Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing, Vol.3, No.3, pp.143-155, 1989.
Lin, M.C. and Chen, M.H., “Development of Assembly Assistance Procedures for Product Design,”Journal of National Cheng Kung Unversity, Vol.29, Sci. Eng. & Med. Section, pp.83-104, 1994.
Lee, S. and Shin, Y.G., “Assembly Coplanner: Co-operative Assembly Planner based on Subassembly Extraction,” Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, Vol.4, pp.183-198, 1993.
Molloy, O., Tilley, S., and Warman, E., Design for Manufacturing and Assembly, Chapman & Hall, 1998.
Pu, P. “An Assembly Sequence Generation Algorithm Using Cased-based Search Techniques,” Proc. of the 1992 IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, pp.2425-2429, 1992.
Sekuguchi, H., Kojima, T., Inoue ,K. and Honda, T., “ Study on Automatic Determination of Assembly Sequence,” Annals of the CIRP, Vol.32, No.1, pp.371-374, 1983.
Shpitalni, M.,Elber, G., and Lenz, E., “ Automatic Assembly of Three-Dimensional Structure via Connectivity Graphs,” Annals of the CIRP, Vol.32, No.1, pp.371-373, 1983.
Siddique, Z., and Rosen, D.W., “On Combinatorial Design Spaces for the Configuaration Design of Product Families,”Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design Analysis and Manufacturing, Vol.15, pp.91-108, 2001.
Taipei Design Center, Product Assembly and Disassembly-Electrical and Electronic Appliance, Düsseldorg GMBH, 1994.
Wang, E., and Kim, Y. S., “Feature-Based Assembly Mating Reasoning,”Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol.18, No.3, 1999.
Yee, S. T., and Ventura, J. A.,“A Petri Net Model to Determine Optimal Assembly Sequences with Assembly Operation Constraints,”Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol.18, No.3 ,pp.203-213, 1999.
Yokota,K., and Brough, D.R.,"Assembly/Disassembly Sequence Planning," Assembly Automation, Vol.12, No.3, pp.31-38,1992.
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