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研究生:張啟良
研究生(外文):Chi-Liang Chang
論文名稱:電腦輔助構想發展於網路上之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Constructing A Computer-Aided-Product-Concept Development system on Internet
指導教授:蕭世文蕭世文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih-Wen Hsiao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系碩博士班
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:123
中文關鍵詞:遺傳演算法分享設計構想發展電腦輔助設計網路
外文關鍵詞:CADGenetic AlgorithmsInternetComputer-Aided-Concept Development
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由於現代產品發展快速,設計師進行設計,傳統資料的取得已不足以應付,網路資料的即時與快速,適時的彌補這樣的不足,設計師紛紛加入網路資料的參考,只是目前的資料仍都處於文字上描述與現成產品的展示,少有設計發展程序上的資料,而對設計而言這些資料也較能幫助設計師進行設計,有鑑於此,本研究想經由網路所帶來的資料豐富與快速的搜尋性,發展一套網路輔助設計構想發展的系統,以分享設計資料的方式,幫助設計師進行設計。

本研究目的擬建立一套可輔助設計之網路電腦輔助設計系統。系統本身以遺傳演算法為基本架構,先分析出產品造形構成方式,引申發展適合於電腦化之造形規則,將各構件建構完成,並藉遺傳演算快速搜尋最佳值的特性,進行演化運算找出構件較佳之組合,配合相關網路程式語言,以3-D 繪圖的方式建構產品3-D造形,呈現於系統網頁上,供使用者參考。
Due to the fast changes in product development, the traditional design data are insufficient for designers to design product. The characteristics of fast and in time transfer the required data on internet, however, fill up this defect. Thus, internet is gradually used by designers as a tool to design their products. But the transferred data are still focused on letter, documents and product pictures at present, lacking for the study on creating the design data in product development process such as the creating of design concepts. Therefore, we would like to develop an internet-based computer-aided-concept development system, in this study, to help designers to design products.
In this system, the relationships between the product and product image will first be quantified by using questionnaires and then the genetic algorithms is used to build the CAD system, based on the obtained data, for constructing 3-D model of a product on internet. The inferred concept on internet can be offered as a reference for the designer/consumer to design/select the required product.
目錄

中文摘要---------------------------------------- i
Abstract--------------------------------------- ii
致謝------------------------------------------ iii
目錄--------------------------------------------iv
圖目錄------------------------------------------ix
表目錄-----------------------------------------xiv

第一章 緒論---------------------------------- 1
1.1 研究動機----------------------------------- 1
1.2 研究背景----------------------------------- 1
1.2.1構想發展方式----------------------------- 1
1.2.2網際網路輔助構想發展之特性--------------- 2
1.3 研究目的與目標----------------------------- 3
1.4 研究架構----------------------------------- 4

第二章 相關文獻與理論探討-------------------- 6
2.1 相關方法之應用研究------------------------- 6
2.2 產品構想發展------------------------------- 9
2.3 造形演生之相關研究------------------------ 10
2.4 網路輔助設計應用方面---------------------- 10

第三章 理論架構 ---------------------------- 13
3.1 產品造形之建立---------------------------- 13
3.1.1 以B-spline曲線建構--------------------- 13
3.1.2 造形曲線配合--------------------------- 15
3.1.3 造形建構方式--------------------------- 17
3.2造形演化方式--------------------------------19
3.2.1數列運用原理-----------------------------22
3.2.2運用數列模式之形變規則的優點-------------23
3.3 基因遺傳演算法則-------------------------- 25
3.3.1染色體編碼------------------------------ 27
3.3.2族群大小-------------------------------- 28
3.3.3適存函數-------------------------------- 29
3.3.4選取複製-------------------------------- 29
3.3.5交配------------------------------------ 31
3.3.6突變------------------------------------ 35

第四章 研究方法與步驟----------------------- 38
4.1選定產品對象-----「吸塵器」---------------- 38
4.2 產品造形構成------------------------------ 38
4.2.1主體造形-------------------------------- 38
4.2.2開關造形-------------------------------- 39
4.3 造形形變---------------------------------- 39
4.3.1形變的方式與步驟------------------------ 40
4.3.2 X軸方向的比例形變---------------------- 43
4.3.3 Y軸方向的比例形變---------------------- 45
4.3.4 Y軸方向的位移形變---------------------- 46
4.3.5 X軸方向的位移形變---------------------- 47
4.4 消費者喜好度調查-------------------------- 47
4.4.1 初步問卷--形容詞語彙選定--------------- 47
4.4.2 主要問卷執行--------------------------- 49
4.5基因遺傳演算衍生造形-----------------------51
4.5.1基因遺傳演算各項因素設定---------------- 51
4.5.2基因遺傳演算進行之流程------------------ 64

第五章 程式發展----------------------------- 66
5.1 程式發展工具------------------------------ 66
5.2 整體作業內容------------------------------ 66
5.3構件設計與形變之作業流程------------------- 72
5.4構件組合與調整----------------------------- 73
5.5 網路介面之建立---------------------------- 74
5.6 程式介面使用細則-------------------------- 75
5.6.1 產生形體------------------------------- 75
5.6.2 造形形變—內建模式--------------------- 77
5.6.3造形形變—手動模式---------------------- 79
5.6.4 造形形變—基因遺傳演算模式------------- 81
5.6.5 構件組合------------------------------- 82

第六章 結果與討論--------------------------- 84
6.1 截面與構件建立---------------------------- 84
6.1.1 吸塵器主體-------------------------- 84
6.2 形變規則運作------------------------------ 84
6.2.1 吸塵器主體形變運作例------------------- 85
6.2.2 吸塵器開關形變運作方式----------------- 87
6.3 完整形體建立驗證-------------------------- 87
6.3.1自行建立之方式-------------------------- 87
6.3.2參考系統內建樣式建立之方式-------------- 91
6.3.3 運用基因遺傳演算之建構方式------------- 92
6.3.4 組裝----------------------------------- 93
6.3.5 Loft完成搆件之建構--------------------- 95
6.4檯燈案例說明------------------------------- 95
6.4.1檯燈構件產生---------------------------- 96
6.4.2檯燈造形衍生---------------------------- 98
6.4.3與基因遺傳演算配合--------------------- 100
6.4.4 衍生之結果------------------------ 101
6.5網路應用---------------------------------- 105
6.6 討論------------------------------------- 107
6.6.1問卷結果------------------------------- 107
6.6.2 系統造形之自由性---------------------- 108
6.6.3 等差數列之應用------------------------ 112
6.6.4 基因遺傳演算之應用-------------------- 112
6.7 結果驗證--------------------------------- 112

第七章 結論與建議-------------------------- 115
7.1 結論------------------------------------- 115
7.2 建議--------------------------------------116
7.3 未來研究與發展建議------------------------116

參考文獻-------------------------------------- 118
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