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研究生:黃靖雅
研究生(外文):Ching-Ya Huang
論文名稱:兒童電腦工作站調整設定值矩陣之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Setting Matrix For Children’s Computer Workstation Adjustment
指導教授:陳建旭陳建旭引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Hsu Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系碩博士班
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:調整設定值電腦工作站兒童人體計測
外文關鍵詞:anthropometryadjustment settingchildrencomputer workstation
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電腦的普及與資訊教育的推廣使得兒童接觸電腦的時間逐漸增加。然而市售電腦工作站多是根據成人的體型進行設計,而不適當的使用環境不僅會造成兒童使用者不良操作姿勢的養成,甚至加速生理傷害的潛在風險。本研究目的即在於建立兒童電腦工作站之尺寸設定值矩陣,以作為電腦工作站調整的設定參考,讓電腦工作站可調整到符合建議操作坐姿的環境設定。研究透過品質機能展開法決定電腦工作站調整參數後,再抽樣112位國小3到6年級學童進行與調整參數有關之量測部位人體計測。結果依據兩種不同建議操作坐姿,分別推導出不同身高與性別的學童其對應之電腦工作站尺寸設定值矩陣。
Computer workstation plays an important role in children’s learning. The traditional computer workstation is designed for adult use not for children. Therefore, the inappropriate computer workstation will promote unhealthy posture and musculoskeletal risk. The purpose of this study is to establish computer workstation setting matrix for children to adjust workstation and recommend operating posture. Through the use of Quality Function Deployment (QFD) the adjustment parameters are derived then measuring corresponding anthropometric dimensions. Data were obtained on 112 8- to 11-year-old children from primary school. Finally, the results provide two setting matrixes base on sex and stature to compute the recommended operating posture.
一、研究背景與目的
1-1 研究背景………………………………………………………1
1-2 研究目的………………………………………………………3
二、研究理論之背景探討
2-1 品質機能展開法………………………………………………4
2-1-1 何謂品質機能展開法 ………………………………………4
2-1-2 品質機能展開法之規劃過程 ………………………………5
2-1-3 品質機能展開法之特性 ……………………………………6
2-1-4 品質機能展開法之相近概念補充 …………………………6
2-2 操作電腦工作站之健康坐姿…………………………………7
2-2-1 最佳操作坐姿的生理意義 …………………………………7
2-2-2 最佳操作坐姿的界定 ………………………………………7
2-2-3 工作站構件之調整建議規範 ………………………………9
三、研究方法及進行步驟
3-1 研究架構流程…………………………………………………12
3-2 實驗流程………………………………………………………15
四、結果
4-1 電腦工作站調整參數的決定…………………………………19
4-1-1 使用者需求調查 ……………………………………………19
4-1-2 產品特徵的決定 ……………………………………………19
4-1-3 不同產品特徵間的關係 ……………………………………20
4-1-4 使用者需求與產品特徵間的關係 …………………………20
4-1-5 使用者需求重要度評比 ……………………………………21
4-1-6 計算產品特徵間的加權得分 ………………………………22
4-2 電腦工作站調整設定值矩陣之建立…………………………23
4-2-1 人體計測資料結果 …………………………………………23
4-2-2 身體各量測部位相對於身高之比值 ………………………27
4-2-3 電腦工作站調整參數之參考座標點算式 …………………28
4-2-4 電腦工作站之調整設定值矩陣結果 ………………………31
五、討論與建議
5-1 電腦工作站構件與使用者需求之關係探討…………………37
5-1-1 使用者需求意見 ……………………………………………37
5-1-2 使用者需求項目的重要度比較 ……………………………40
5-1-3 電腦工作站產品特徵對使用者需求的影響 ………………41
5-1-4 電腦工作站之使用環境考量 ………………………………42
5-2 人體計測資料與調整設定值之分析…………………………42
5-2-1 身高與量測部位之相關性探討 ……………………………42
5-2-2 與其他國家之兒童人體計測資料的比較 …………………42
5-2-3 電腦工作站之調整設定值矩陣結果 ………………………43
5-3 電腦工作站設計準則…………………………………………43
5-3-1 使用者意見之整合 …………………………………………43
5-3-2 電腦工作站之調整域建議 …………………………………44
5-4 未來發展方向…………………………………………………45
參考文獻 ………………………………………………………… 46
附錄Ⅰ 問卷
(A) 成人使用者之需求問卷………………………………………50
(B) 兒童使用者之需求問卷………………………………………51
(C) 使用需求之重要度評比問卷…………………………………52
(D) 人體計測紀錄表………………………………………………54
附錄Ⅱ 品質機能展開之過程結果
(A) 使用者意見第一次歸納………………………………………55
(B) 使用者意見第二次歸納………………………………………61
(C) 使用者需求項目所對應之產品特徵…………………………64
(D) 產品特徵對應產品特徵之關係矩陣…………………………66
(E) 產品特徵對應產品特徵之關係矩陣…………………………68
(F) 使用者需求之評比結果 ………………………………………71
(G) 產品特徵之加權結果…………………………………………73
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