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研究生:鄭漢中
研究生(外文):Hun-Cheng Chung
論文名稱:以電子化供應鏈主生產排程系統降低前置時間之研究
指導教授:呂執中呂執中引用關係
指導教授(外文):JrJung Lyu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業管理科學系碩博士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:129
中文關鍵詞:供應鏈管理主生產排程前置時間
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企業界常利用生產規劃來安排各產品群組之生產計劃,之後再利用主生產排程來處理個別產品之訂單的安排、製造與外包及生產控制。由於顧客下訂單到產品送至顧客手上有一段滿長的前置時間,而且較短的前置時間可以改善顧客滿意度、使存貨量減少,所以很多公司都把生管改善之焦點放在前置時間之縮短上。由於電子化供應鏈環境的形成,企業中之生產流程也比以往更加的多變複雜,這使得傳統之生產排程系統很難在有限時間內對客戶訂單及生產資源作有效的處理及安排,造成整個前置時間可能變長,但是也提供一個機會讓企業重新建立主排程系統來因應電子化供應鏈環境,並且以前置時間的縮短來獲得競爭優勢和市場佔有率,也是值得深入探討之課題。
本研究提出一個電子化供應鏈主排程系統及流程上的改變之方法來支持企業和顧客之間是以Web-based的方式做即時資訊交換及回應並且可以縮短規劃的前置時間,而且可利用此方法來改善企業主生產排程系統之效率與效能。研究中首先結合一些供應鏈管理的軟體模組及網路來建立一個電子化供應鏈環境,並分析此系統之輸出入的資料及流程,推導出合適的主排程模式來幫助企業縮短前置時間,再以一個前置時間評估模式來確定前置時間縮短的效果。之後並以一個案公司來評估其可行性,且討論所提出之電子化供應鏈主排程系統如何結合個案公司原本的生管系統,以及探討此系統對個案公司有何影響及效益。最後提出本研究的結論及未來研究方向。
摘 要…………………………………………………………………………I
誌 謝……………………………………………………………………….II
目 錄………………………………………………………………………III
表目錄…………………………………………………………………………V
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………….VI
第一章 緒 論…………………………………………………………..1
第一節 研究動機…………………………………………………….1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………………………….2
第三節 研究範圍與限制…………………………………………….3
第四節 研究方法及流程…………………………………………….4
第二章 文 獻 探 討……………………………………………………...6
第一節 供應鏈管理………………………………………………….6
2-1-1 供應鏈管理的定義與重要性……………………………..6
2-1-2 供應鏈管理的作法與目的……………………………...12
2-1-3 電子化供應鏈…………………………………………...15
第二節 主生產排程系統…………………………………………..20
2-2-1 主生產排程的意義與重要性…………………………...20
2-1-2 主生產排程系統之衡量指標…………………………...23
2-2-3 訂單式生產及主生產排程其他相關文獻……………...28
第三節 前置時間…………………………………………………..33
2-3-1 前置時間的意義與重要性……………………………...33
2-3-2 前置時間評估方法……………………………………...36
2-3-3 前置時間其他相關文獻………………………………...40
第三章 研究方法與架構………………………………………………....42
第一節 企業環境………………………………………………....42
第二節 企業生產策略…………………………………………....45
第三節 整體架構…………………………………………………..47
第四節 電子化供應鏈主排程系統………………………………..53
3-4-1 建構流程………………………………………………...54
3-4-2 系統分析………………………………………………...56
3-4-3 模式推導………………………………………………...58
3-4-4 衡量指標………………………………………………...64
第五節 前置時間效益評估………………………………………...66
第四章 個案研究-鋼鐵業之應用………………………………………..72
第一節 產業描述…………………………………………………..72
第二節 個案描述…………………………………………………..73
第三節 流程分析及系統說明……………………………………..75
4-3-1 流程分析...……………………………………………..76
4-3-2 系統說明…..…………………………………………….77
第四節 討論……………………………………………………….102
第五章 結論與未來研究方向…………………………………………..110
第一節 結論……………………………………………………….110
第二節 未來研究方向…………………………………………….111
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………..113
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