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研究生:鐘正郎
研究生(外文):Jenq-Lang Jong
論文名稱:全球運籌體系中生產與配送模式之整合研究
指導教授:呂執中呂執中引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jr-Jung Lyu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業管理科學系碩博士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:125
中文關鍵詞:全球運籌混合型整數線性規劃先進規劃排程
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:20
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摘 要
在全球化的趨勢下,企業必須善用跨國資源和能量以創造具附加價值之流程,以將分散全球各地之貨物、資訊、財務及工作流程串聯起來,並使其運作流通順暢,而把全球資源作最有效運用,才得以在全球競爭中生存。以紡織產業而言,在我國許多企業其生產及配送往往為兩個獨立的流程,其規劃方式屬於由上而下的循序式規劃系統。企業經常以生產計畫來安排顧客之訂單順序,之後再決定配銷計畫,因此對於產能狀況難以迅速的回饋給產銷系統進行調整或進行。而在全球化之環境中,生產及配送模式將較傳統環境更為複雜,得將生產及配送規劃間之協調整合必須透過有效的資訊轉換,以降低規劃時間及整體規劃成本。
本研究提出一個整合產能需求及配送需求規劃之系統,以共享、交換規劃資訊之方式協調整合生產及配送模式。研究中針對紡織產業需求,並參考先進規劃及排程之觀念修正以往分離式的產銷系統架構,而將生產規劃和配送規劃整合在一起,並對產銷協調進行整合式之考量。研究以混合型整數線性規劃之方法來建構成本最小化之模式,且以某業者為實際案例來實證此生產配銷規劃系統之可行性。
目 錄
摘要 I
誌謝 II
目錄 III
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究範圍與限制 3
第四節 研究方法與流程 3
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 全球運籌管理簡介 6
2-1-1 全球運籌管理的意義 6
2-1-2 全球運籌管理的做法 10
2-1-3 全球運籌管理的目的 18
第二節 生產配送模式探討 21
2-2-1 生產配送體系全球化架構 21
2-2-2 生產配送最佳化模式 24
2-2-3 生產配送協調之實益 27
第三節 先進生產規劃排程 29
2-3-1 先進生產規劃排程之定義與特性 29
2-3-2 先進生產規劃排程規劃技術 31
2-3-3 混合整數線性規劃之應用 34
第四節 紡織產業特性 37
2-4-1 我國紡織業之現況 37
2-4-2 紡織業之供應鏈體系 39
第三章 模式建構 42
第一節 企業運籌體系 42
第二節 整體模式建構 46
3-2-1 建構流程與系統分析 46
3-2-2 模式說明與建構 50
3-2-3 模式基本假設條件 51
第三節 最佳化模式推導 52
3-3-1 基本運籌規劃模式 52
3-3-2 含額外限制式之運籌規劃模式 55
3-3-3 多重產品運籌規劃模式 60
3-3-4 模式討論 67
第四節 系統說明 75
第四章 個案研究 82
第一節 個案公司簡介 82
第二節 模式情境分析 90
第三節 討論 102
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 104
第一節 結論 104
第二節 未來研究方向 106
參考文獻 107
附錄一 基本運籌規劃模式資料 114
附錄二 含額外限制式之運籌規劃模式資料 114
附錄三 多重產品運籌規劃模式資料 116
附錄四 個案公司資料 119
附錄五 MIMI系統架構 122

表 目 錄
表2-1 運籌歷年之相關定義 7
表2-2 運籌環境和企業競爭要素 14
表2-3 運籌系統之特色 14
表2-4 跨組織系統之分類 15
表2-5 虛擬組織模式特徵 16
表2-6 生產配銷分析模式衡量準則與方法 26
表2-7 混合整數規劃模式相關文獻 27
表2-8 不同規劃技術的歸納比較 33
表3-1 例子一最佳化結果 55
表3-2 例子二最佳化結果 59
表3-3 例子二目標係數範圍 60
表3-4 例子三最佳化結果 65
表3-5 例子三目標係數範圍 67
表3-6 情境一計算結果 68
表3-7 情境二計算結果 71
表3-8 情境三計算結果 73
表3-9 資料表格 80
表4-1 主要產品比例 85
表4-2 個案最佳化結果 92
表4-3 個案公司工廠成本範圍 95
表4-4 個案情境一計算結果 96
表4-5 個案情境二計算結果 98
表4-6 個案情境三計算結果 100
表4-7 計算結果之彙整 102

圖 目 錄
圖1-1 研究流程 5
圖2-1 參與式企業模式 11
圖2-2 運籌績效模式 12
圖2-3 競爭優勢之變動 13
圖2-4 新型態之運籌 14
圖2-5 生產配送體系 21
圖2-6 全球運籌體系示意圖 22
圖2-7 MIP集中規劃概念 23
圖2-8 台灣紡織業之SWOT分析 39
圖2-9 人纖紡織上下游整合體系 40
圖3-1 傳統規劃流程 44
圖3-2 APS規劃流程 45
圖3-3 生產與配送模式構建流程 47
圖3-4 整體架構 49
圖3-5 生產與配送模式相關資料 49
圖3-6 三階運籌體系 50
圖3-7 例子二目標函數係數值改變對目標值之影響 60
圖3-8 例子三目標函數係數值改變對目標值之影響 67
圖3-9 系統架構圖 75
圖3-10 LINGO運算架構 76
圖3-11 本研究系統之環境 77
圖3-12 本研究之系統流程 78
圖3-13 圖3-13本研究之資料關聯 79
圖4-1 長纖產品生產流程圖 83
圖4-2 短纖產品生產流程圖 84
圖4-3 個案公司生產銷售系統圖 85
圖4-4 體系電子化架構 89
圖4-5 個案公司運籌體系 91
圖4-6 工廠營運成本改變對最小總成本之影響 95
參 考 文 獻
中文部分:
1.王立志,「系統化運籌與供應鏈管理」,滄海,民88年6月初版。
2.李慧瑜,「台灣與全球紡織產業互動趨勢探討」,華銀月刊,民89年7月,頁23~28。
3.邱俊嘉,「台灣紡織產業新貌」,台研兩岸產業與投資,民90年9月,頁12~17。
4.邱俊嘉,「台灣紡織業外移風潮」,台研兩岸產業與投資,民89年11月,頁2~9。
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