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研究生:謝承佑
研究生(外文):Cheng-Yu Hsieh
論文名稱:氮化鋁粉體水解性質探討與抗濕技術開發
論文名稱(外文):Discussion of hydrolyzed properties of aluminum mitride powder and development of water-resistance technology
指導教授:鍾賢龍
指導教授(外文):Shyan-Lung Chung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:氮化鋁水解抗濕
外文關鍵詞:aluminum nitridewater-resistancehydrolysis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:23
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  • 下載下載:231
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本論文研究分為三大部分,第一部分首先針對氮化鋁粉體在各種不同環境條件下的水解氧化速率進行分析探討,從中找出使氮化鋁水解的關鍵因素與各種水解氧化所可能產生的結果,便於針對水解的因素開發出適當的抗濕技術;第二部分即針對前一部分所得的結果與文獻中所記載類似的方法進行表面處理,主要採用有機物與環氧樹脂為主,經表面處理之氮化鋁粉體已可具備初步的抗濕性質,但在較為嚴苛的環境中依然會產生水解氧化反應;最後一部分則是針對第二部分的缺失再進行改進,改進的方式分為氮化鋁粉體在進行表面處理前先經過一道前處理的手續,接著再以有機物與環氧樹脂進行表面處理,經由此方式處理之氮化鋁粉體可比前一部分的抗濕效果更好;同時,此部份亦嘗試使用氮化鋁粉體與無機酸在水中進行表面處理,實驗結果證實此方式會具有最佳的抗濕效果。
This thesis includes three parts. The first part is focused on the hydrolysis properties of aluminum nitride powders in different kinds of environment. The main purpose is to find out the key factor that accelerates the hydrolysis rate of the aluminum nitride powders and the results after hydrolysis reaction. Based on these results, it is possible to develop the appropriate methods to prevent aluminum nitride powders from hydrolysis. The second part describes the method of surface treatment based on the results from part one and scientific literature. The main surface treatment chemicals are organic matters and epoxy resins. The aluminum nitride powders with surface treatment by this way are able to resist humidity. But they are still hydrolyzed in sterner environment. The final part describes the method to improve the defect in part two. There is one step added before surface treatment and then processed with the same way described in part two. Aluminum nitride powders with this surface treatment have better effect on water-resistance. Moreover, this part also tries to use inorganic acid as surface treatment chemicals and water as solvent. The experimental data show that aluminum nitride powders treated in this way will present excellent water-resistant properties.
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………I
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………II
總目錄……………………………………………………………………III
表目錄……………………………………………………………………VII
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………X
第一章 緒 論…………………………………………………………1
1-1陶瓷簡介………………………………………………………………1
1-2 氮化鋁的特性與應用…………………………………………………2
1-3 氮化鋁的合成技術…………………………………………………3
1-4 研究動機……………………………………………………………4
1-5 文獻回顧……………………………………………………………6
1-5.1 氮化鋁表面披覆磷酸根離……………………………………6
1-5.2溶液法披覆SiO2………………………………………………6
1-5.3美國耐火陶瓷科技公司專利…………………………………8
1-5.4 射頻電漿化學氣相沉積披覆二氧化矽……………………8
1-5.5 化學表面處理…………………………………………………9
1-5.6 表面氧化處理………………………………………………13
第二章 本論文研發之方法…………………………………………15
2-1簡介………………………………………………………………15
2-2藥品………………………………………………………………15
2-3 實驗及產品測試設備…………………………………………………16
2-4 儀器分析………………………………………………………………18
第三章 氮化鋁水解氧化性質研究………………………………23
3-1 簡介………………………………………………………………23
3-2 原理……………………………………………………………23
3-3 實驗方法………………………………………………………24
3-4 實驗結果與討論……………………………………………25
3-4.1 氮化鋁粉體檢測…………………………………………25
3-4.2 氮化鋁粉體水解氧化性質………………………………35
(I) 水解對溶液pH值的影響……………………………35
(II) 水解對氮化鋁的影響…………………………………36
(III) 氮化鋁粉體粒徑對水解速度的影響…………………44
(IV) 氨氣對氮化鋁水解的影響……………………………46
(V) 氮化鋁粉體轉化率對水解的影響……………………48
3-5 結果討論…………………………………………………………72

第四章 氮化鋁抗濕處理………………………………………………74
4-1 簡介……………………………………………………………74
4-2 原理……………………………………………………………74
4-2.1 有機酸衍生物披覆……………………………………75
4-2.2 矽氧烷偶合劑披覆……………………………………76
4-2.3 熱固性塑膠披覆………………………………………82
4-3 實驗方法………………………………………………………84
4-3.1 氮化鋁粉體表面處理…………………………………84
4-3.2 表面處理粉體測試……………………………………86
4-4 實驗結果與討論………………………………………………88
4-4.1 披覆矽氧烷之抗濕效果………………………………88
4-4.2 披覆有機酸之抗濕效果………………………………99
(i) 單一官能基苯環有機酸衍生物…………………………99
(ii) 雙官能基苯環有機酸衍生物……………………………104
4-4.3 披覆偶合劑及環氧樹脂之抗濕效果……………………109
4-4.4 加速壽命測試……………………………………………113
4-4.5 水解測試…………………………………………………120
4-5 結論………………………………………………………………123

參考文獻…………………………………………………………164
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