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研究生:李立鼎
研究生(外文):Li-Ting Lee
論文名稱:多成分芳香族聚酯類高分子摻合系統相型態與相容性之探討
論文名稱(外文):Phase Behavior and Miscibility in Blends of Aromatic Polyesters with Poly (ether imide)
指導教授:吳逸謨
指導教授(外文):Ea-Mor Woo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:摻合
外文關鍵詞:polymer blend
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:464
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:118
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
中文摘要
本研究最主要利用微分掃瞄熱卡計(DSC)、偏光顯微鏡(POM)、與掃瞄式電子顯微鏡(SEM)、傅利葉紅外線光譜儀(FTIR)來觀察、鑑定poly(ethylene terephthalate)/poly(trimethylene terephthalate)/poly(butylene terephthalate)/poly(ether imide)(PET/PTT/PBT/PEI)與poly(trimethylene terephthalate)/polycarbonate(PTT/PC)摻合系統之相型態及其相容性。在PET/PTT/PBT/PEI四成分摻合系統中,分別使用熔融摻合與共沉澱法來製備試樣。當用共沉澱法製備試樣,則可發現試樣有著單一的Tg,而SEM觀察結果為均一的相型態。故於不定型態時, PET/PTT/PBT/PEI四成分高分子摻合系統為一相容的系統。在PTT/PC系統中,溶劑摻合製備之試樣於所有組成與50/50熔融摻合之試樣熱分析結果都呈現兩個Tg,且POM的觀察也都顯示存在相分離區域,故此系統應為一相分離之系統。而摻合物於260℃停留後,可發現會由兩Tg隨停留時間增加逐漸轉變為單一Tg,且由高溫降溫時結晶的溫度亦會受總循環熱處理時間與循環次數影響,FTIR的測試結果亦發現吸收峰之shoulder有著可能因熱處理後分子間作用力不同而有的些許位移,因此推測PTT/PC摻合系統於高溫處理後之改變有可能為交酯化所造成。
Abstract
This study investigates the morphology and the miscibility of the blends containing poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET), poly (trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT), poly (butylene terephthalate) (PBT), poly (ether imide) (PEI) and polycarbonate (PC) using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), polarizing optical microscope (POM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR). Both hot-melt blending and solvent blending techiques were performed in preparing the PET/PTT/PBT/PEI mixtures. If the mixture samples were prepared by solvent coprecipitation, a single Tg and the homogeneous morphology indeed exist in the PET/PTT/PBT/PEI mixtures. It was believed that in amorphous state this blending system revealed a completely miscibility, in the other words, a miscible system. In addition, for PTT/PC blends, two individual Tg values and POM results revealed phase separation in the blends which implied immisicibility. When PTT/PC blends were annealed at high temperature, transesterficition between PTT and PC molecules may be generated. Original two Tgs were transferred to one and the crystallizing temperature after cyclic heat treatment also effected by the total annealed times. At last a shoulder shift phenomenon of FTIR absorbed peak implied that there was the interaction in this blending system.
總目錄 頁數
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
總目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
第一章 簡介 1
第二章 原理 4
§2-1摻合系統混合熱力學 4
§2-2混合物的相圖 6
§2-3玻璃相轉移行為 7
§2-4交酯化反應 7
§2-5聚摻合物的製備 10
第三章 實驗 14
§3-1實驗所用的高分子及試藥 14
§3-2實驗試樣之製備 15
§3-3實驗所用之儀器 16
第四章 結果與討論 19
§4-1 Poly(ethylene terephthalate)、Poly(trimethylene terephthalate)
、Poly(butylene terephthalate)與Poly(ether imide)摻合系統 19
§4-1-1熔融摻合試樣之熱分析研究 19
§4-1-2熔融摻合試樣相型態之觀察 21
§4-1-3共沉澱試樣熱分析之研究 22
§4-1-4共沉澱試樣相型態之觀察 23
§4-2 Poly(trimethylene terephthalate) 與 Polycarbonate摻合系統 33
§4-2-1熱分析對PTT/PC摻合系統本質相容性質之研究 33
§4-2-2 PTT/PC摻合系統相型態的觀察 37
§4-2-3高溫熱處理對PTT/PC摻合系統的影響 38
§4-2-4高溫循環熱處理對摻合體結晶性質的影響 41
§4-2-5 FTIR對高溫熱處理試樣之觀測 43
第五章 結論 68
參考文獻 70
自述 75
參考文獻

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