跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(54.224.117.125) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/01/23 20:12
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:曾耀弘
研究生(外文):Yao-Hung Tseng
論文名稱:銀鈀合金奈米粒子的製備與金奈米粒子的表面修飾
論文名稱(外文):Preparation of Ag/Pd alloy nanoparticles and surface modification on Au nanoparticles
指導教授:葉晨聖
指導教授(外文):Chen-Sheng Yeh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:化學系碩博士班
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:奈米粒子合金
外文關鍵詞:AgPdalloynanoparticles
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:807
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:285
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
  由於奈米材料隨著其大小及組成的不同也展現出不同的物理、化學性質而引起廣泛的研究興趣。我們做了兩個關於奈米粒子的實驗包括了(1)銀鈀合金奈米粒子的合成(2)金奈米粒子的修飾。

(1) 以雷射照射製備銀鈀合金奈米粒子的研究:
  我們將銀、鈀奈米粒子混合液以雷射照射而合成組成比例為1:1
與2:1的銀鈀合金奈米粒子;除此之外,我們觀察所形成奈米粒子的大小、形狀,並分析其組成;在雷射照射的過程中,所合成出的銀鈀奈米粒子大小為7.3 ± 2.0 nm (銀:鈀為1:1) 及 5.4 ±2.0 nm (銀:鈀為2:1) ;除了以能量散佈光譜儀( EDX )來分析奈米粒子組成外,X光粉末繞射儀(XRD) 的鑑定,也得知合成出的奈米粒子為合金奈米粒子。

(2) 以鋅紫質修飾金奈米粒子的研究:
  將金奈米粒子與鋅紫質以莫耳比1:1 、1:3、1:6與1:10 混合(DMF溶液水含量為18.2%),由X光光電子光譜(XPS)分析得知已成功修飾鋅紫質於金奈米粒子上,根據紅外線光譜儀(FT-IR)的分析結果,推測金奈米粒子與鋅紫質的作用是以靜電吸引力為主;由穿透式電子顯微鏡(TEM)觀察到,修飾鋅紫質的金奈米粒子由分散變成聚集,有趣的是,在莫耳比為1:3 (金 : 鋅紫質) 時,我們觀察到奈米粒子形成樹枝狀的聚集,然而,在1: 6及1: 10 (金 : 鋅紫質) 時,奈米粒子出現了線狀排列;其形成的原因,可能是由於鋅紫質於含水溶液中形成,將在論文中討論。
  Nanomaterials has attracted wide spread interest due to their size and composition dependent chemical and physical properties. Two exper- iments have been performed including (1) the synthesis of Ag / Pd alloy nanoparticles and (2) the modification of gold nanoparticles.

(1) Preparation of Ag / Pd alloy nanoparticles by laser irradiation:
  Laser irradiation of colloidal mixtures of Ag / Pd was conducted to synthesize Ag / Pd alloy nanoparticles. Compositional ratios of 1:1 and 2:1 were prepared in Ag / Pd system. The compositions , the particle sizes , and the morphology were measured as a function of laser irradiation period in order to monitor the changes from two component mixtures into the alloy colloids. The average particle sizes of Ag / Pd with the 1:1 and 2:1 metal ratios were 7.3 ± 2.0 nm and 5.4 ± 2.0 nm . In addition to EDX analysis, X-ray diffraction measurements were carried out to confirm the formation of the alloy nanoparticles.

(2) Modification of Protoporphyrin Ⅸ Zinc (Ⅱ) on Au nanoparticles:
  Gold nanoparticles and protoporphyrin Ⅸ zinc (Ⅱ) (ZnPP) mixtures(18.2 % H2O and 81.8% DMF) with molar ratios of 1 : 1 , 1 : 3 , 1: 6 and 1: 10 were prepared. The XPS analysis displayed the ZnPP successfully attached on the gold nanoparticles. On the basis of the FT-IR results , it is possible that the electrostatic attraction is dominant between the Au colloids and porphyrins. Self – organization was observed for the porphyrins functionalized Au particles from the TEM images. Interestingly , the radial structures were developed with the molar ratio of 1: 3 (Au:ZnPP). However , the linear arrangements appeared for the molar ratios of 1: 6 and 1: 10 (Au:ZnPP). Formation of porphyrins H- aggregation resulting in the self-organization of the Au nanoparticles has been proposed and discussed.
目錄
口試合格證明
謝誌………………………………………………………………….Ⅰ
中文摘要…………………………………………………………….Ⅱ
英文摘要…………………………………………………………….Ⅳ
目錄………………………………………………………………….Ⅵ
表目錄……………………………………………………………….Ⅸ
圖目錄……………………………………………………………….Ⅹ
第一章 緒論…………………………………………01
1.1 奈米材料介紹………………………………………01
1.2 奈米粒子的性質……………………………………03
1.2.1 量子化效應………………………………………03
1.2.2 表面效應…………………………………………03
1.3 奈米粒子的製備方法………………………………06
1.3.1 由小到大的方法(Bottom-up)………………….06
1.3.2 由大而小的方法(Top-down)……………………10
1.4 雙金屬奈米粒子的簡介……………………………11
1.5奈米粒子的修飾……………………………………13
1.5.1 自組裝薄膜 (Self Assembly Monolayers)…13
1.5.2 單層保護分子團簇 (MPCs)……………………15
1.6紫質的功能介紹……………………………………16
第二章 基本理論……………………………………29
2.1 膠體粒子的穩定……………………………………29
2.2 光的吸收與散射理論………………………………38
第三章 銀鈀合金奈米粒子的製備研究…………….48
3.1 研究動機與目的……………………………………48
3.2實驗藥品與儀器………….…………………………49
3.2.1 藥品…….………………………………………49
3.2.2 儀器………………………………………………49
3.3 實驗步驟……………………………………………50
3.4 結果與討論…………………………………………51
3.4.1 銀鈀合金奈米粒子………………………………51
3.4.2 紫外光-可見光譜圖分析…………………………51
3.4.3 TEM圖分析…………………………………………52
3.4.4 能量散佈光譜儀(EDX)分析………………………53
3.4.5 X光粉末繞射儀(XRD)分析………………………53
3.4.6 討論………………………………………………55
3.5結論……………….……………….……………..…56
第四章 鋅紫質修飾金奈米粒子的研究………………58
4.1 前言………………………………………………….58
4.2 實驗藥品與儀器………………………………………59
4.2.1 藥品………………………………………………59
4.2.2 儀器………………………………………………60
4.3 實驗步驟……………………………………………60
4.3.1製備金奈米粒子…………………………..………60
4.3.2 在金奈米粒子上修飾鋅紫質……………..………60
4.4結果與討論………………………………………………63
4.4.1 UV-vis分析…………………………………………63
4.4.2 X光光電子能譜儀(XPS)分析………………..……63
4.4.3 FT-IR 分析…………………………………….……64
4.4.4 TEM 分析……………………………………………64
4.4.5 ICP 分析……………………………………………66
4.4.6 討論…………………………………………………69
4. 5結論……………………………………………………74
參考文獻……………………………………………………95
自述
參考文獻
1. Akamatsu, K. and Deki, S. J. Mater. Chem. 1998, 8, 637.

2. Deki, S. ; Sayo, K. ; Fujita, T. ; Yamada, A. and Hayashi, S. J. Mater.
Chem. 1999 , 9 , 943.

3. Iijima, S. Nature (London). 1991, 354, 56.

4. Chung, S. H.; Wang, Y. ; Persi, L.; Croce, F.; Greenbaum, S. G. ;
Scrosati, B. and Plichta E. J. Power Sources. 2001 , 97-8 , 644.

5. Oh, S. T.; Sando, M.; Sekino, T.; Niihara, K. Nanostruct. Mater. 1998 ,
10 , 267.

6. 馬遠榮著 , “奈米科技” , 商洲出版.

7. Hang, D. Nanotechnology ; Arthur TEN Wolde , Ed.

8. Fendler, J. H. Chem. Rev. 1987 , 87 , 877.

9. Alivisatos, A. P. Science. 1996 , 271 , 933.

10. 莊萬發編撰 , “ 超微粒子理論應用 ” , 復漢出版社 1994.

11.El-sayed, M. A. and Wang, Z. L. J. Phys. Chem. B , 1998 ,102 ,
6145.

12.(a) Lisiecki, I. ; Kongehl, H. S.; Weiss, K.; Urban, J. and Pileni, M.
P. , Langmuir , 2000 , 16 , 8802.

(b) Lisiecki, I.; Kongehl, H. S. ; Weiss, K.; Urban, J. and Pileni, M. P. Langmuir , 2000 , 16 ,8807.

13.Kabanov, A. V.; Namethkin, S. N.; Levashov, A. V. and Martinek, K. Biol. Memb. 1985 , 2 , 985.

14.Yamaki, H.; Maeda, K.; Kusakabe and Morooka, S. J. Memb. Sci.
1993 , 85 , 167.

15.蘇品書編撰 , “ 超微粒子材料技術 ” , 復漢出版社 , 1989.

16.Grabar, K. C.; Freeman, R. G.; Hommer, M.B. and Natan, M. J. Anal.
Chem. 1995 , 67 , 735.

17.Esumi, K.; Wakabayashi, M. and Torigoe, K. Colloids Surf. A.
1996 ,109 , 55.

18.Henglein, A. ; Meisei, D. Langmuir 1998 , 14 , 7392.

19.Mizukoshi, Y. ; Okitsu, K.; Maeda, Y.; Yamamoto, T. A.; Oshima, R.
and Nagata, Y. J. Phys. Chem. B 1997 , 101 , 7033.

20. Reetz, M. T.; Helbig, W. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994 , 116 , 7401.

21. Reetz, M. T. ; Winter, M.; Breinbauer, R.; Thomas,T-A.; Vogel, W.
Chem. Eur. J. 2001 , 7 , 1084.

22.Yu, Y. Y.; Chang, S. S.; Lee, C. L.; Wang, C. R. C. J. Phys. Chem. B ,
1994 , 101 , 6661.

23.Pascal, C.; Pascal, J. L.; Favier, F. ;Moubtassim, MLE.; Payer, C.
Chem. Mater , 1999 , 11 , 141.

24.Bradley, J. S. The Chemistry of Transition Metal Colloids , In Clusters and Colloids ; Schmid G. , Ed ; VCH publishers ; New York , NY(USA) , 1994 ; p459-537.

25.Fojtik, A. and Henglein, A.; Bunsenges, B. Phys .Chem. , 1993 , 97 ,
252.

26.Wu, K. T.; Yao, Y. D.; Wang, C. R. C.; Chen, P. F. and Yeh, E. T. J.
App. Phys. , 1999 , 85 , 5959.

27.(a) Yeh, Y. H.; Yeh, M. S. ; Lee, Y. P. and Yeh, C. S. Chem. Lett. ,
1998 , 1183.

(b) Yeh, M. S.; Yang, Y. S.; Lee,Y. P.; Lee, H. F.; Yeh, Y. H.; Yeh, C. S. J. Phys .Chem . B , 1999 , 103 , 6851.

28.Chen, Y. H.; Yeh, C. S. Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochem . Eng. Aspects. , 2002 , 197 , 133.

29.Wang, Y.; Liu, H. and Toshima, N. J. Phys. Chem. 1996 , 100 , 19533.

30.Steigermalt, E-S; Deluga, G. A.; Lukehart, C. M. J. Phys. Chem. 2002 , 16 , 760.

31.Chu, H. C.; Sheen, S. R.; Yeh, C. T. ; Perng, T. P. J. Alloys. Compounds. 2001 , 322 , 198.

32.Toshima, N.; YoneZawa, T.; Asakura, K. J. Phys. Chem . 1992 , 96 ,
9927.

33.Chen, D. H. and Chen, C. J. J. Mater. Chem. 2002 , 5 , 1557.

34.Wu, M. L.; Chen, D. H.; Huang, T. C. Langmuir 2001 , 17 , 3877.

35.Wu, M L.; Chen, D. H.; Huang T. C. Chem. Mater. , 2001 , 13 , 599.

36.Wu, M. L.; Chen, D. H.; Huang, T. C. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2001 , 243 , 102.

37.Michaelis, M.; Henglein, A.; Mulvaney, P. J. Phys. Chem. 1994 , 98 ,
6212.

38.Chen, Y. H. and Yeh C. S. Chem. Commum. 2001 , 371.

39.Chen, Y. H.; Tseng, Y. H. and Chen C. S. J. Mater. Chem. 2002 , 12 , 1419.

40.Lee, I.; Han, S. W.; Kim, K. Chem. Commun. , 2001 , 1782.

41.Bigelow, W. C.; Pickett, D. L.; Iisman, W. A. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 1946 , 1 , 513.

42.Dubois, L. H.; Nuzzo, R. G. Ann. Phys. Chem. , 1992 , 43 , 437.

43.Kumar, A.; Biebuyck, H. A.; Whitesides, G. M. Langmuir 1994 , 10 , 1498.

44.Klein, D. L.; Roth, R. ; Lim, A.K.L; Alivisatos, A. P. and McEuen P.
L. Nature. 1997 , 389 , 699.

45. Liu, J.; Alvarez, J.; Ong, W.; Roman, E. and Kaifer, A. E. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001 , 123 , 11148.

46.Bruchez, Jr. M.; Moronne, M.; Gin, P. ; Weiss, S.; Alivisatos, A. P.
Science. 1998 , 281 , 2013.

47.Brust, M.; Walker, M.; Bethell, D.; Schiffrin, D. J. and Whyman, R. , J.Chem. Soc . Chem. Commun. 1994 , 801.

48.Templeton, A.; Wuelfing, W. P. and Murray, R. W. Acc. Chem. Res.
2000 , 33 , 27.

49.David, L.; Nelson and Michael, M.Cox. Lehninger Principles of
Biochemistry.
50.陳錦地 , 化學 2000年58卷 517頁。
51.Guo, L. H.; McLendon, G.; Razafitrimo, H. and Gao, Y. J. Mater.
Chem , 1996 , 6(3) , 369.

52.Lahav, M.; Gabriel, T.; Shipway, A. N.and Willner, I. J. Am. Chem.
Soc. 1999 , 121 , 258.

53.Lahav, M.; Shabtai, V. H.; Wasserman, J.; Katz, E.; Willner, I.; Dürr
H.; Hu,Y. Z. and Bossmann, S. H. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000 , 122 ,
11480.

54. Xian, J. and Meyerhoff, M. E. Anal. Chem. 1996 , 68 , 2818.

55.郭靖癸 , 黃俊傑 , 牟中原 , 金屬奈米粒子的製造 , 物理雙月刊
2001年12月 , 23卷 6 期。
56.Ulman, A. Chem.Rev. 1996 , 96 ,1533.

57.Robert, J. Hunter , “Introduction to Modern Colloid Science ” 1993.

58.(a) Kruyt, H. R. “Colloid Science” , Elsevier Science Publishing
Company INC , 1952.

(b) 張有義 , 郭蘭生編譯 ,“ 膠體及界面化學入門 ”, 高立圖書有限公司 , 1997.
59.(a) Robert, J. Good; Robert, R. ; Stromberg “Surface and Colloid
Science Vol.11” , published by Plenum Press , New York and London.
(b)趙承琛編著,“ 界面科學基礎 ” , 復文書局 , 民76.
60.Schimid, G. , “Clusters and Colloids” ;From Theory to Application , VCH:New York , 1994.
61.Craig, F. ; Bohren and Donald, R. Huffman “Absorption and Scaterring of Light by small particles ” , ,Wiley Imterscience , 1988.

62.(a) Hoheisel, W.; Schulte, U.; Vollmer, M. and Triäger Appl. Phys.
A51 , 1990 , 271.

(b) Hughes, E.; Jain, S. C. Advances in Physics. 1979, 28 , 717.

63.Genzel and Martin, T. P. Surf. Sci , 1973 , 34 , 33.

64.Genzel and Martin, T. P. Z. Physik B , 1975 , 21 , 339.

65.Genzel and Martin, T. P. Phys . Stat. Sol. B , 1972 ,51 , 91.

66.Schulze Chem. Phys. 1982 , 68 , 137.

67.Ruppin J. Appl. Phys. 1986 , 59 , 1355.

68.Sinfelt, J. H. Acc. Chem. Res. 1987 , 20 , 134.

69.Wang, Y.; Lin, H.; Toshima, N. J. Phys. Chem. 1996 , 100 , 19533.

70.Mizukoshi, Y.; Fujimoto, T.; Nagata, Y.; Oshima, R. and Maeda, Y.
J. Phys. Chem. B , 2000 , 104 , 6028.

71.(a) Link, S.; Burda, C.; Mohamed, M. B.; Nikoobakht, B. and El-
Sayed, M. A.J. Phys. Chem. A 1999 , 103 , 1165.

(b) Link, S.; Burda, C.; Nikoobakht, B. and El- Sayed, M. A. J. Phys. Chem. B , 2000 , 104 , 6152.

72.Takami, A.; Kurita, H. and Koda, S. J. Phys. Chem. B , 1999 , 103 ,
1226.

73.Chen, Y. H. and Yeh, C. S. Chem. Commun. 2001 , 371.

74.Lee, P. C. and Meisel, D. J. Phys. Chem. , 1982 , 86 , 3391.

75.Pathak, S.; Greci, M. T.; Kwong, R. C.; Mercado, K.; Surya Prakash,
G. K.; Olah, G. A. and Thompson, M. E. Chem. Mater. 2000 , 12 ,
1985.

76.Materials Thermochemistry 6th edition by KUBASCHEWSKIO. ,
ALCOCK C. B. , SPENCER P. J. , Pergamon Press , OXFORD , New. York. SEOUL. TOKYO.

77. Hodak, J. H.; Henglein, A.; Giersig, M. and Hartland, G. V. J. Phys. Chem. B 2000 , 104 , 11708.

78.Vasan, H. N. and Rao, C. N. R. J. Mater. Chem. 1995 , 5 , 1755.

79.Huang, C. Y.; Chiang, H. J.; Huang, J. C. and Sheen, S. R.
Nanostruct. Mater. , 1998 , 10 , 1393.

80.Remita, H.; Khatouri, J.; Tréguer, M.; Amblard, J. and Belloni, J. Z.
Phys. D , 1997 , 40 , 127.

81.Musca, D. A.; Dell, J. M.; Faraone, L.; Baijai, J.; Pepper, T.; Spariosu,
K.; Blackwell, J.; Bruce, C. J. Electron Mater. 1999 , 28 , 617.

82.Collins, P.; Bradley, K. ; Ishigami, M.; Zettl, A. Science 2000 , 287 ,
1801.

83.Doron, A.; Katz, E.; Portnoy, M.; Willner I. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
Engl. 1996 , 35 , 1535.

84.Deviprasad, G. R.; D'Souza, F. Chem. Commun. 2000 , 1915.

85.Uosaki, K.; Kondo, T.; Zhang, X-Q. and Yanagida, M. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997 , 119 , 8367.

86.Imahori, H.; Arimura, M.; Hanada,T.; Nishimura, Y.; Yamazaki, I.;
Sakata, Y. and Fukuzumi, S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001 , 123 , 335.

87.Šloufová- Srnová, I. And Vlčková, B. Nano Lett. 2002 , 2 , 121.

88.Yamada, M.; Kuzume, A.; Kurihara, M.; Kubo, K. and Nishihara, H.
Chem. Commun. 2001 , 2476.

89.David Dolphin , The porphyrins (Volume Ⅱ) , Published by
Academic Press , Inc , (LONDON) LTD.

90.Dote, J. L. and Mowery, R. L. J. Phys. Chem. 1988 , 92 , 1571.

91.Zhang, Z. and Imae, T. Nano Lett. 2001 , 1 , 241.

92.Terrill, R. H.; Postlethwaite, T. A.; Chen, C. H.; Poon, C. D.; Terzis,
A.; Chen, A.; Hutchison,J. E.; Clark, M. R.; Wignall, G.; Londono, J.
D.; Superfine, R.; Falvo, M.; Johnson Jr. Charles S.; Samulsk, E. T.
and Murray, R. W. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1995 , 117 ,12537.

93.Kimura, M.; Muto, T.; Takimoto, H.; Wada, K.; Ohta, K.; Hanabusa,
K.; Shirai, H. and Kobayashi, N. Langmuir 2000 , 16 , 2078.

94.Tamaru, S-i.; Nakamura, M.; Takeuchi, M. and Shinkai, S. Org. Lett.
2001 , 3 , 3631.

95.Šloufova – Srnová, I. And Vlčková, B. Nano Lett. 2002 , 2 , 121.

96.Tamaru, S.; Nakamura, M.; Takevchi, M. and Shinkai, S. Org. Lett.
2001 , 3 , 3631.

97.Maiti, N. C.; Mazumdar, S. and Periasamy, N. J. Phys. Chem. B ,
1998 , 102 , 1528.

98.Kano, K.; Fukuda, K.; Wakami, H.; Nishiyabu, R. and Pasternnack, R.
F. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000 , 122 , 7494.

99.Kimura, M.; Muto, T.; Takimoto, H.; Wada, K.; Ohta, K.; Hanabusa,
K.; Shiral, H. and Kobayashi, N. Langmuir 2000 , 16 , 2078.

100.Maiti, N. C.; Mazumder, S. and Periasamy, N. J. Phys. Chem. B 1998 , 102 , 1528.

101.Ralston, A. W.; Eggenberger, D. N.; DuBrow, P. L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1948 , 70 , 977.

102. Kanieda, H.; Shinoda, K. J. Phys. Chem. 1978 , 82 , 1710.

103. Kunitake, T.; Okahata, Y. Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 1978 , 51 , 1877.

104. Kunitake, T.; Okahata, Y.; Takami, K.; Takayanagi, M.; Kumamaru, F. Chem. Lett. 1977 , 387.

105. Kunitake, T.; Okahata,Y. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1977 , 99 , 1337.

106. Regen, S. L.; Singh, A.; Oehme, G.; Singh, M. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1982 , 104 , 791.

107. Okahata, Y.; Tanamachi, Y.; Nagai, M.; Kunitake, T. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 1981 , 82 , 401.

108. Kunitake, T.; Okahata, Y. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1980 , 102 , 549.

109. Shimomura, M.; Kunitake, T. Chem. Lett. 1981 , 1001.

110. Kunitake, T.; Nakashima, N.; Shimomura, M.; Okahata, Y.; Kano, K.; Ogama, T. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1980 , 102 , 6642.

111. Suyder, S. R. and White, H. S. J. Phys. Chem. 1995 , 99 , 5626.
112. 張啟光 , 化學 2000年58卷 531頁
113. Dohson, D. J. and Saini, S. Anal. Chem. 1997 , 69 , 3532.

114. Hu, J.; Odom, T. W.; Lieber, C. M. Acc. Chem. Res. 1999, 32, 435.

115. Molinari, A.; Amadelli, R.; Antolini, L.; Maldotti, A.; Battioni, P.; Mansuy, D.J. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chemical , 2000 , 158 , 521.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top