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研究生:李俊穎
研究生(外文):Chun-Ying Lee
論文名稱:波浪通過局部透水彈性底床之理論解析
論文名稱(外文):Waves propagating over finite-width poro-elastic beds
指導教授:李兆芳李兆芳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jaw-Fang Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:水利及海洋工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:河海工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:114
中文關鍵詞:波浪透水彈性底床
外文關鍵詞:poro-elasticwavebed
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本文探討入射波通過局部透水彈性底床所產生波浪變化及底床內孔隙水壓及應力變化之問題,並提出理論解析解。文中波浪運動採用線性波浪理論,而透水彈性底床考慮為均質、等向透水均勻彈性介質所組成,並且引用Biot 理論之動量方程式及配合Verruijt 提出之Storage 方程式,所推導出高階偏微分控制方程式來描述。為能求得解析解故依求解領域之幾何形狀分區且建立各區通解,其中對於含有非齊性邊界條件之邊界值問題,則分離成齊性邊界條件之邊界值問題分別求解,各區之通解再利用各交界面之運動及動力邊界條件,配合正交函數之特性,聯立求解整個問題之解析解。
在驗證本文理論解正確性上,則比較前人所研究波浪通過有限寬度沙質底床之孔隙水壓試驗結果,及具有壕溝底床所引起波浪變形之數值結果,比較結果均得到良好的一致性。進一步利用本文理論討論,局部透水彈性底床之寬度、厚度、透水性及彈性對入射波與底床內孔隙水壓及應力影響。由討論結果顯示,當透水彈性底床越寬及越厚或底床材質透水性越佳及較具彈性時會減少波浪透過率,而其中透水性對波浪變形影響最大。當透水彈性底床寬度大於兩倍波長,底床中間位置孔隙水壓之變化相當於在無限寬度底床條件;而當寬度減小會造成孔隙水壓增加,底床內之垂直有效應力減少,和兩側水平有效應力及剪應力增加,但底床透水性較差時寬度減少會造成孔隙水壓先增加而後減少至零的現象。當底床透水性較佳時,會造成孔隙水壓增加尤其是在底床兩側。而當底床透水性較差時,孔隙水壓之變化受到彈性影響會較明顯,而導致底床中間位置孔隙水壓大於底床兩側。
In this study, the problem of incident wave passing a finite-width poro-elastic bed, and effects on incidence waveform, pore pressure and effective stresses are considered, and an analytic solution is proposed. The wave motion is described using the linear wave theory. The poro-elastic bed is considered as homogeneous, isotropic, and elastic, and a high-order partial different governing equation, derived from using the momentum equation of Biot’s theory and the storage equation present by Verruijt is adopted. In order to obtain the analytic solution, the problem domain is divided into sub-regions and general solutions are derived for each region. Finally, the analytic solution is completed for the entire problem by utilizing kinematic and dynamic conditions on the interface between neighboring regions.
The present analytic solution is verified by comparing with previous experiments of waves passing finite–width sand beds, and waves propagating over a bottom trench. The present analytic solution is used to study effects of finite-width poro-elastic beds on waves. The results show that wider, thicker, higher permeability and higher flexibility of rectangular bed can induce less wave transmission. And permeability produces the most effect. For finite-width beds with widths wider then twice of wave length, the pore pressures in the middle of beds are the same as those of infinite-width beds. The narrower beds have higher pore pressures, lower vertical effective stresses, and higher horizontal and shear stresses on both sides of beds. Higher permeability induces higher pore pressure especially on the both sides of the bed. On the other hand, beds with lower permeability pore pressures are affected mainly by flexibility, and pore pressures in the middle of beds are larger than those on both sides.
目錄
摘要i
Abstractii
誌謝iii
目錄iv
圖目錄vi
表目錄xi
符號說明xii
第一章 緒論1
1-1 前言1
1-2 文獻回顧2
1-3 研究方法4
1-4 內容組織4
第二章 問題描述與理論解析6
2-1 問題描述6
2-2 透水彈性體理論描述7
2-3 邊界條件12
2-4 波浪場及透水彈性體通解之建立16
2-4-1 波浪場通解推導16
2-4-2 透水彈性體通解推導19
2-5 待定係數求解23
2-5-1 將通解代入透水彈性體底床側邊及底部之邊界條件23
2-5-2 將通解代入透水彈性體底床及波浪場交界面之邊界條件27
2-5-3 將通解代入波浪場交界面之邊界條件30
第三章 驗證與討論34
3-1 理論驗證34
3-1-1 與Yamamoto et al. (1978) 實驗結果之比較34
3-1-2 與 李(1994) 試驗之比較35
3-1-3 與 吳(1994) 海底壕溝數值模式之比較37
3-1-4 延伸討論,不同孔隙率底床對入射波浪的影響38
3-2波浪通過局部透水彈性底床之波浪場變化40
3-2-1 透水彈性底床寬度及厚度對波浪場影響40
3-2-2 透水彈性底床剪力係數對波浪場影響41
3-2-3 透水彈性底床滲透性對波浪場影響42
3-3 波浪通過透水彈性底床之透水彈性底床內部變化43
3-3-1 透水彈性底床特性對孔隙水壓振幅影響44
3-3-1-1 透水彈性底床中間表面壓力與寬度變化44
3-3-1-2 透水彈性底床寬度變化對內部孔隙水壓影響45
3-3-1-3 透水彈性底床剪力係數變化對內部孔隙水壓影響48
3-3-1-4 透水彈性底床滲透係數變化對內部孔隙水壓影響48
3-3-2 透水彈性底床特性對垂直有效應力影響49
3-3-2-1 透水彈性底床寬度變化對垂直有效應力影響49
3-3-2-2 透水彈性底床剪力係數變化對垂直有效應力影響50
3-3-2-3 透水彈性底床滲透係數變化對垂直有效應力影響51
3-3-3 透水彈性底床特性對水平有效應力影響51
3-3-3-1 透水彈性底床寬度變化對水平有效應力影響51
3-3-3-2 透水彈性底床剪力係數變化對水平有效應力影響52
3-3-3-3 透水彈性底床滲透係數變化對水平有效應力影響52
3-3-4 透水彈性底床特性對剪應力影響53
3-3-4-1 透水彈性底床寬度變化對剪應力影響53
3-3-4-2 透水彈性底床剪力係數變化對剪應力影響54
3-3-4-3 透水彈性底床滲透係數變化對剪應力影響54
第四章 結論與建議55
參考文獻R-1
附錄A 透水彈性體基本方程式之推導A-1
附錄B 第Ⅱ區波浪場通解之推導B-1
附錄C 第Ⅳ區透水彈性體通解之推導C-1
附錄D 第Ⅳ區透水彈性體特徵值通解為零之推導D-1
附錄E 求解待定係數內之積分式及積分常E-1
參考文獻
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