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研究生(外文):Fen-fang Tseng
論文名稱(外文):Emily Dickinson: Nature Poems
指導教授(外文):Ching-Tai Liu
外文關鍵詞:domestic manner of livingNew EnglandTranscendentalismnatureEmersonfemale role
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  Nature as the subject of literary work has been favored among the men of letters for a long time. Like most Romantic poets, the greatest American woman poet in the nineteenth century, Emily Dickinson, also expressed her intense interest in nature in her poetic world. Seen in this light, this thesis is divided into five categories to probe into Dickinson’s nature poems.
  Chapter one is introduction to reveal my study motivation and direction; meanwhile, I would like to discuss the essential concept of Transcendentalism and the traditional women’s living of manners which have some influences in shaping Dickinson’s distinctive outlook upon nature.
  Chapter two offers some brief background information on Dickinson’s life; growing up in rural town of New England compels her to go closer to nature and appreciate it; further, under the influence of Puritanism and Transcendentalism, Dickinson sets out to meditate the relationship among God, man and nature in her nature poems.
  In Chapter three, I attempt to make a comparison and contrast between Emerson’s remarkable book-Nature and Dickinson’s nature poems for the sake of finding out their similar and different viewpoints regarding Nature---both think that men are supposed to establish interdependent relationship with nature. However, Emerson stresses that man can maintain the harmonic relation with nature, while Dickinson discerns nature’s indifference, and thinks the self and the nature are kept quite alienation.
  Chapter Four manages to adopt the different biologic factors between male and female as a departure point to further discuss the binary opposition mode which affects the (male) public/ (female) domestic sphere in the nineteenth century. Meanwhile, I intend to explore Dickinson’s using motherhood/ housewife images as a means of poetic expression in her nature poems.
  Chapter five ends this thesis with a conclusion by summing up what I have discussed in the preceding chapters and dealing with Dickinson’s distinctive and original outlook upon nature; thus, Dickinson can be recognized not only as ‘a nature poet’ but also as ‘a forerunner of imagism.’
Table of Contents

Chapter One Introduction………………….1
Chapter Two Seeing “New Englandly”: The
Backgrounds, Influences
Affecting Dickinson’s views
of Nature……………….6
Chapter Three The Viewpoints of Nature between
Emerson and Dickinson 18
Chapter Four Women’s Domestic Roles in Emily
Dickinson’s Naature
Chapter Five Conclusion.............80
Works Cited and References Consulted…85
Index of the First Lines...............92
Works Cited and References Consulted

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Baker, Dorothy Z. “Ars Poetica/ Ars Domestica: The Self-Reflexive Poetry of Lydia Sigourney and Emily Dickinson.” Poetics in the Poem: Critical Essays on American Self-Reflexive Poetry. Ed.
Dorothy Z. Baker. New York: Peter Lang, 1997: 69-89.
Beach, Joseph W. The Concept of Nature in Nineteenth Century Poetry.New York: Russell, 1966.
Benfey, Christopher. Emily Dickinson: Lives of A Poet. New York: George Brazier, 1986.
Bennett, Paula. Emily Dickinson: Woman Poet. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1990.
Bennett, Paula. “Late Nineteenth-Century American Women’s Nature Poetry and the Evolution of the Imagist poem.” Legacy: A Journal of American Women Writers 9, no.2 (1992): 89-103.
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Eberwein, Jane Donahue. Dickinson: Strategies of Limitation. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1985.
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-----, ed. Critical Essays on Emily Dickinson. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1984.
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Juhasz, Suzanne, ed. Feminist Critics Read Emily Dickinson. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1983.
Keller, Karl. The Only Kangaroo among the Beauty: Emily Dickinson and America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979.
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Leyda, Jay. The Years and Hours of Emily Dickinson. 2vols. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1960.
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Loeffelholz, Mary. Dickinson and the Boundaries of Feminist Theory. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1991.
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Miller, Perry. The New England Mind. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1953.
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