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研究生:陳彥蘭
研究生(外文):Yen-Lan Chen
論文名稱:策略性人力資源管理:台灣集團企業母子公司人力資源系統相似程度之影響因素─台商大陸子公司之個案研究
論文名稱(外文):SIHRM: Similarities of Human Resource System between HQ in Taiwan and Subsidiaries in Mainland China ─ A Case Study of TAIWAN-Based MNC Group.
指導教授:吳萬益吳萬益引用關係史習安史習安引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wann-Yih WuHis-An Shih
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系碩博士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:策略性國際人力資源管理定位子公司主導行為國際化程度組織間依賴關係人力資源管理系統相似程度大陸台商台灣集團企業策略性國際人力資源管理
外文關鍵詞:SIHRMSimilarities of Human Resource SystemTaiwan-Based MNC GroupOrganizational InterdependenceDegree of InternationalizationSubsidiary InitiativeTaiwan-Based SubsidiarySIHRM Orientation
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本研究探討台灣多國籍集團企業母公司與大陸子公司之間的人力資源系統相似程度,利用個案研究的方式,對大陸子公司的人力資源主管進行焦點式訪談,企圖了解並分析四家受訪的個案公司,其集團母公司的國際化程度、策略性國際人力資源管理定位、子公司的主導行為、組織間的依賴關係對於母子公司人力資源系統相似程度的影響。
個案研究結果顯示多國籍企業的國際化程度、母公司的策略性國際人力資源管理定位、子公司的主導行為、組織間的依賴關係的確會對於人力資源系統造成影響。企業在進行海外子公司營運時,應建立知識經驗分享的機制、提升人力資源管理在組織中的地位、並依據當地機構及當地資源及文化調整期人力資源作法,如此方能使得子公司當地化快速進行,順利登上營運軌道。
The purpose of the thesis is to investigate the similarities of human resource system between headquarter in Taiwan and subsidiaries in Mainland China. Using Focus Interview Method, the research interviewed four HR managers in Mainland-China subsidiaries with semi-structured questionnaire and made a comparison between the HR Systems of the four Taiwan-based MNC Groups. We tested a set of hypotheses that among these variables, including the degree of internationalization of MNC Group, SIHRM orientation of headquarters, subsidiary initiatives, and organizational interdependence with others. The cross-case comparisons showed that those variables do affect the similarities of human resource system between headquarters in Taiwan and subsidiaries in Mainland China.
The conclusion comes that MNC should pay more attentation to build up the knowledge transfer mechine between subsidiaries, emphasize the role of the human resouce management in the whole organization, and adjust human resource practices to local culture and human capital. Otherwise, MNC couldn''t localize as soon as possible or fail to work in short time.
目錄
摘要1
ABSTRACT2
誌謝3
目錄4
表目錄6
圖目錄7
第一章 緒論8
第一節 研究動機8
第二節 研究目的與研究問題10
第三節 研究範圍11
第四節 研究流程和論文結構12
第二章 文獻探討14
第一節 多國籍企業與策略性人力資源管理14
第二節 策略性國際人力資源管理的整合性架構19
第三節 子公司與母公司人力資源管理系統的相似程度23
第四節 母公司因素30
第五節 子公司因素40
第三章 研究方法46
第一節 研究架構與訪談問題形成46
第二節 變數之操作性定義與衡量47
第三節 研究對象52
第四節 研究對象挑選原則53
第五節 研究實施程序54
第六節 資料蒐集與分析策略55
第七節 個案研究之信度與效度57
第四章 結果與討論58
第一節 個案公司背景及人力資源系統簡介58
第二節 母子公司人力資源系統相似程度69
第三節 母公司因素對於人力資源系統相似程度之影響73
第四節 子公司因素對於人力資源系統相似程度之影響84
第五節 個案總結及命題推演89
第五章 結論及建議93
第一節 管理上的意涵93
第二節 研究限制95
第三節 對後續研究的建議95
參考文獻97
附  錄110
附錄一 四大集團之母子公司之人力資源系統相似程度分析構面111
附錄二 四大集團在大陸子公司之主導行為分析構面114
表目錄
表1-1 本研究之綜合研究範圍11
表2-1 多國籍企業的分類與定義15
表2-2 人力資源管理控制型態25
表2-3 國際化結構指標33
表2-4 多國籍企業策略性國際人力資源管理定位之類型35
表3-1 母公司所擁有的資源類型51
表4-1 A集團大陸子公司的人力資源系統作法60
表4-2 B集團大陸子公司的人力資源系統作法62
表4-3 C集團之台灣子公司的人力資源系統作法65
表4-4 D集團大陸子公司之人力資源系統作法68
表4-5 四大集團人力資源系統相似程度分析表70
表4-6 人力資源系統相似程度量化分析表71
表4-7 A、B、D集團之母子公司人力資源系統相似程度73
表4-8 四大集團國際化程度分析構面76
表4-9 四大集團國際化程度量化分析表77
表4-10 國際化程度與母子公司人力資源系統相似程度之關聯78
表4-11 企業策略定位與SIHRM定位之關係79
表4-12 四大集團之策略性國際人力資源管理定位分析構面81
表4-13 SIHRM定位與母子公司人力資源系統相似程度之關聯83
表4-14 四大集團大陸子公司之人力資源主導行為85
表4-15 子公司主導行為與母子公司人力資源系統相似程度之關聯86
表4-16 四大集團組織間依賴關係之判斷構面87
表4-17 子公司對其他組織之依賴關係與母子公司人力資源相似程度之關聯88
表4-18 自變數與因變數之整理90
圖目錄
圖1-1 研究流程圖12
圖2-1 多國籍企業策略性人力資源管理的整合性架構20
圖2-2 策略性人力資源管理之議題、功能、政策與措施之關係圖21
圖2-3 多國籍企業子公司人力資源策略與人力資源控制之關係29
圖2-4 國際化動態模型32
圖3-1 研究架構47
圖3-2 研究實施程序54
圖4-1 A集團人力資源控制程度蛛網圖72
圖4-2 B集團人力資源控制程度蛛網圖72
圖4-3 D集團人力資源控制程度蛛網圖72
圖4-4 四大集團的國際化程度蛛網圖77
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