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研究生:王衍泰
研究生(外文):Yen-Tay Wang
論文名稱:社會資本對國際合資中組織學習與知識保護的影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Social Capital on Organization Learning and Knowledge Protection in International Joint Venture
指導教授:吳萬益吳萬益引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wann-Yih Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:國際企業研究所碩博士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:知識保護組織學習社會資本國際合資
外文關鍵詞:International Joint VentureOrganization LearningSocial CapitalKnowledge Protection
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  • 被引用被引用:3
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Abstract

Joint venture is an effective learning vehicle, however it also suffers from new challenge. Close interaction and connection between IJV partners as well as suspicion to opportunism in coopetition relationship cause high risk of knowledge protection and great pressure to learning race. Social capital reduces strength of competition in coopetition relationship. Simultaneously facilitating knowledge flow and mitigating opportunism make organization learning and knowledge protection both be reached. This study confirms above argument and further proves that these contributions decline with increasing social capital. Benefits of social capital to learning performance fall, as exploitation over exploration orientation emerges with increasing social capital. As a result, in high social capital context, stressing exploration orientation makes positive effect of social capital on organization learning stronger. IJV managers clearly express that informal control mechanism alone is not sufficient to guarantee trustworthy behaviors. Benefits of social capital to knowledge protection vanish, as formal control was not substituted by informal control mechanism.

This study shows that effect of social capital is contingent. As economic interest and social normative driven force are consistent with each other, positive effects of social capital are stronger. Surprisingly, high strategic interdependency is not the case. Highly shared critical resources between IJV partners make easy and expected gain from opportunistic behavior increase. Thus economic rationality is to competition instead of cooperation. Only as firms facing survival pressure caused by high environment uncertainty, cooperation becomes congruent with economic interest.

To conclusion, social capital is “medicine” to coopetition, organization learning and knowledge protection in IJV. But these contribution declines with increasing social capital. As these effects begin to decline, conscious emphasis on exploration is helpful to prevent declination of positive effect of social capital on organization learning. As formal and informal control mechanisms coexist, stressing formal control becomes meaningless. Essentially effects of social capital is contingent not absolute. High strategic interdependency context is not beneficial to effects of social capital on learning/protection, but high environment uncertainty is.

Keywords:Social Capital, Organization Learning, Knowledge Protection, International Joint Venture.
Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction ...1
1-1 Research Motives ...1
1-2 Research Goal ...3
1-3 Research Flow ...4
Chapter 2 Literature Review ...6
2-1 Joint Venture & Organization Learning ...6
2-1-1 Motives of Joint Venture ...6
2-1-2 Coopetition in International Joint Venture ...7
2-2 Relationship between Social Capital and Organization Learning ...9
2-2-1 Definition of Social Capital ...9
2-2-2 Definition of Organization Learning ...12
2-2-3 Positive Effect of Social Capital on Organization Learning ...12
2-2-4 Negative Effect of Social Capital on Organization Learning ...17
2-3 Relationship between Social Capital and Knowledge Protection ...20
2-3-1 Definition of Knowledge Protection ...20
2-3-2 Positive Effect of Social Capital on Knowledge Protection ...20
2-3-3 Negative Effect of Social Capital on Knowledge Protection ...22
2-4 Moderating Effect ...23
2-4-1 Organizational Moderating Factors ...23
2-4-1-1 Definition of Formal Control mechanism ...24
2-4-1-2 Moderating Effect of Formal Control Mechanism ...24
2-4-1-3 Definition of Exploration Orientation ...26
2-4-1-4 Moderating Effect of Exploration Orientation ...26
2-4-2 Environmental Moderation Factors ...27
2-4-2-1 Definition of Strategic Interdependency ...29
2-4-2-2 Moderating Effect of Strategic Interdependency ...29
2-4-2-3 Definition ofEnvironmental Uncertainty ...30
2-4-2-4 Moderating Effect of Environmental Uncertainty ...30
Chapter 3 Research Design ...31
3-1 Research Framework ...31
3-2 Operational Research Constructs ...33
3-2-1 Dependent Variables ...33
3-2-2 Independent Variables ...34
3-3 Sampling Process ...39
3-3-1 Questionnaire Retrieve ...39
3-3-2 Sample Structure ...39
3-4 Data Analysis ...41
3-4-1 Validity and Reliability ...41
3-4-2 Hierarchical Regression ...41
3-4-3 Sensitivity Test ...42
Chapter 4 Data Analysis ...43
4-1 Test of Reliability and Validity ...43
4-2 Effect of Social Capital on Organization Learning ...47
4-3 Effect of Social Capital on Knowledge Protection ...50
4-4 Moderating Effects to Effects of Social Capital on Organization Learning and Knowledge Protection ...52
4-5 Sensitivity Test ...54
4-6 Additional Explorative Test ...54
4-7 Results of Control Variables ...55
Chapter 5 Conclusion and Suggestion ...56
5-1 Conclusion ...56
5-2 Suggestion ...60
5-2-1 For IJV Managers ...60
5-2-2 For Future Research Extension ...60
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