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研究生:林榮朗
研究生(外文):Rong-Lang Lin
論文名稱:動態及靜態影像放大之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Motion and Static Image Enlargement
指導教授:孫永年孫永年引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yung-Nien Sun
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:影像放大超解析解析度強化影像內插
外文關鍵詞:super-resolutionimage enlargementresolution enhancementinterpolation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
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  • 下載下載:283
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影像是二維的訊號,然而受限於取像裝置,影像品質與面積大小往往不能盡如人意。故而依靠影像處理的技巧,將解析度不足的影像或影像序列放大(magnification)是近來一項重要的研究課題。
影像放大,亦可說是解析度加強(resolution enhancement),就是利用可得到的低解析度的影像輸入經由一個放大機制,而機制的輸出就是一張高解析度的影像。這個放大機制的技巧或方法,就是我們要研究的重點,大致上可以分為兩個方向,其一是靜態影像放大(static image enlargement),其二是動態影像放大(motion image enlargement)。
在靜態方面我們以單張影像資料作為輸入,運用預估高頻資訊(保留edge)來強化放大的品質。我們將兩種既有的方法加以整合和修改,並提出一種新的而且又直覺的方法-以邊線模型為基礎用來保留邊線的高頻資訊,令放大後的影像不會過於模糊(blur)或人工化(artifact or jagged)。而動態影像方面則以一串影像序列(image sequence)或一段video作為輸入。利用影像序列所具有的空間及時間上的資訊,再套用動作預估(motion estimation)的方法來找出影像間的對應關係,進而取其對應資訊以為己用。本論文以Bayesian MAP的方法為主架構,嘗試加入新的基因演算法(Genetic Algorithm)的求解方式,目的就是要從這些影像序列產生出一張高解析度的影像,即一般所謂的超解析度(super-resolution)。
The two-dimensional (2D) images are usually under less or poor image resolution when acquired with limited imaging equipments. Therefore, the image resizing (or image scaling) is one of the most important research problems in image processing applications. It is intended to enlarge (or enhance) the poor quality (i.e. small size) of image or image sequence (a period of video).
Image magnification is similar to the image resolution enhancement. We use an available low-resolution single image as the input to the magnified mechanism. The output of the magnified mechanism is just the desired high-resolution image. The algorithm of the mechanism is the main subject in our investigation. The algorithms of image magnification are categorized into two directions. One is the static image enlargement and the other is the motion image enlargement.
In static image enlargement, we estimate the high-frequency (edge-preserving) information from the input image. It is then used to change the weight of data points based on the linear approximation scheme to suppress the over-burring and to introduce the edge-directed interpolation to suppress the jagged artifacts. We also propose a novel and intuitive technique of edge-preserving interpolation, named edge model based interpolation, for preserving high frequency information. In motion image enlargement, we use an image sequence or a period of video as an input. Because of the inherent correlation of temporal and special information, we can get useful data through the process of motion compensation. In this thesis, we adopt the Bayesian MAP as the main mechanism. And try to employ the genetic algorithm (GA) to obtain the optimal image estimation results efficiently. Our proposed method, namely the super-resolution scheme, is to extract a frame of high-resolution from a set of low-resolution image sequence including the corresponding unprocessed frame.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
致謝 III
目 錄 IV
圖 目 錄 VI
表 目 錄 IX

第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.3 章節提要 5
第二章 靜態影像之放大 6
2.1 相關研究 6
2.1.1 傳統的 interpolation 6
2.1.2 Edge-preserving interpolation 14
2.2 EDGE的特性 21
2.2.1 因低通濾波所產生的邊緣過渡(transition of edge)效應 21
2.2.2 邊線方向的尋找 25
2.3 邊線保留及有方向性的內插 27
2.4 以邊線模型為基礎的影像內插 33
2.4.1 邊線模型(Edge Model) 33
2.4.2 精細的邊線預估(Sub-pixel Edge Estimation) 35
2.4.3 內插的技巧 38
第三章 動態影像之放大 41
3.1 問題描述 41
3.2 影像序列或VIDEO模型 42
3.3 動作補償 47
3.3.1 Block matching 47
3.3.2 多層式block matching(MLBM) 49
3.3.3 階層式block matching(Hierarchical) 51
3.4 BAYESIAN MAP演算法 52
3.5 最佳解 58
第四章 實驗結果及討論 67
4.1 系統執行環境 67
4.2 實驗結果 67
4.2.1 靜態影像放大實驗結果 67
4.2.2 動態影像序列放大實驗結果 75
4.3 討論 81
4.3.1 靜態影像放大之討論 81
4.3.2 動態影像放大之討論 82
第五章 結論及未來展望 84
5.1 結論 84
5.2 未來展望 85
APPENDIX I 86
APPENDIX II 87
參考文獻 89
作者簡歷 94
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