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研究生:柳雅瀞
研究生(外文):Ya-Ching Liu
論文名稱:模糊德菲層級分析法應用於岩體分類之研究
論文名稱(外文):Application of the Fuzzy Delphi Analytic Hierarchy Process on Rock Mass Classification
指導教授:陳昭旭陳昭旭引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHAO-HSU CHEN
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資源工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:模糊德菲層級分析法層級分析法岩體分類群體決策
外文關鍵詞:rock mass classificationanalytic hierarchy processfuzzy Delphi analytic hierarchy process
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:43
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  • 下載下載:424
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
近年來岩體分類法已被廣泛地運用於工程設計與施工,其主要精神為將原本抽象之地質岩盤描述改作有系統且定量化之評分與分類,目前工程界較常用之岩體分類法有RSR、RMR與NGI-Q等方法,這些方法在量化及評分過程中,因為描述性的定性分析與區間式的定量分析無可避免地產生許多不確定性及主觀性;且各項評估參數之評分方法為階梯式,解析度不佳,因此評分結果往往受限於評分者的主觀意識,導致評分結果產生相當大的差異,若想要客觀地量化評估定性的部分,實非易事。本研究視岩體分類為群體決策問題,並且運用模糊理論於問卷處理及評準因子,以符合真實情況下的不確定性。研究採用模糊德菲層級分析法處理岩體評分分類項目的因子權重計算,既可以減少問卷調查的次數節省時間,也能夠迅速獲得群體共識。未來可以根據不同工程特性,應用於邊坡、壩基與隧道等實際工程案例,整合成一個較為彈性、能夠以客觀方法輔助主觀決策的一種岩體評估系統。讓岩體評分可以隨著實際工程地質狀況來調整分類系統架構,使之更接近岩體本身情況,反應真正的岩體特性,提供施工時的參考。
The rock mass classification concept has been used extensively on engineering design and construction of tunneling for a long time. However, the traditional rock mass classification systems, which ignore the regional and local geological features and rock properties were constructed with the fixed weight for each rating factor. Therefore, they often result a certain degree of rating deviation in the same case from different investigators.
This research views the rock classification as a group decision problem, and applies the fuzzy logic theory on weighting calculations of the criterion. The fuzzy Delphi method not only saves the survey time and the cost but also denotes the group opinions clearly. The resilience estimating method can also effectively change the weighting of each rating parameter and the calculated rock mass rating, from the variation of geological conditions. The rock mass rating method developed in this research not only approaches the condition of on-site rock mass and assists the subjective decision with the objective method, but also acquires a more realistic rock classification result.
頁次
中文摘要…………….………………………………………….Ⅰ
英文摘要……………….………………………………………..Ⅱ
致謝……………………………………………………………Ⅲ
目錄……………………………………………………………Ⅳ

表目錄……………………………………………………………Ⅵ

圖目錄……………………………………………………………Ⅶ

第一章 緒論………………………………………………….….1
1-1研究背景與目的………………………………………..1
1-2研究流程………………………………………………..3
1-3研究內容………………………………………………..5

第二章 文獻回顧……………………………………………….6
2-1岩體分類法發展概況…………………………………..6
2-1-1世界各國主要岩體分類與支撐系統……………10
2-1-2台灣地區岩體分類應用概況……………………14
2-2層級分析法……………………………………………..18
2-2-1AHP概述………………………………………...19
2-2-2基本原理與應用領域……………………………20
2-3小結…………………………………………………….27

第三章 研究方法與驗證分析………………………………….28
3-1研究方法說明………………………………………….28
3-2模糊德菲層級分析法………………………………….31
3-3模式驗證步驟………………………………………….38
3-4問卷調查計畫………………………………………….42
3-4-1問卷設計…………………………………………42
3-4-2問卷進行方式……………………………………43
3-4-3問卷回收處理……………………………………43
3-5驗證分析……………………………………………….45
3-6小結…………………………………………………... 55

第四章 邊坡岩體評分應用分析……………………………....56
4-1南橫公路邊坡背景介紹……………………………….56
4-2邊坡岩體品質評估架構……………………………….59
4-2-1邊坡岩體品質評估因子………………………...59
4-2-2邊坡岩體品質評分與權重計算………………...63
4-3邊坡岩體評估問卷設計與回收處理結果…………….71
4-3-1問卷設計………………………………………...71
4-3-2問卷進行過程…………………………………...72
4-3-3問卷回收處理與信度、效度分析………………73
4-3-4邊坡岩體評分結果分析………………………...76
4-3-5小結……………………………………………...81

第五章 結論與建議…………………………………………….82
5-1結論……………………………………………………82
5-2後續研究之建議………………………………………83

參考文獻..…………………………………..……………………84

附錄A模糊權重值綜合評判………………….……………...90

附錄B南橫公路邊坡岩體評估專家問卷…………………...92

附錄C南橫公路邊坡岩體評估權重值計算………………....100
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