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研究生:朱延松
研究生(外文):Yen-Sung Chu
論文名稱:具能量回送與功因修正之正負脈衝電池充電器
論文名稱(外文):Positive/Negative Pulse Battery Charger with Energy Feedback and Power Factor Correction
指導教授:梁從主陳建富陳建富引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsorng-Juu LiangJiann-Fu Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:正負脈衝昇壓-順向式轉換器
外文關鍵詞:positive/negative pulseboost-forward converter
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:50
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  • 下載下載:421
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
正負脈衝電池充電法,以較大的正脈衝電流對電池充電,加快電池充電時間,並利用負脈衝放電電流去除極板之氣泡,之後設置休息時間,以使充電效應可以均勻化。本文利用單級隔離式昇壓-順向式轉換器對電池做大電流正脈衝快速充電,利用昇壓式整流器將能量傳送至儲能電容上,達到功因修正的目的,並利用雙開關順向式轉換器提供能量給電池,對電池施以大電流脈衝充電。以返馳式轉換器作為電池負脈衝放電,並把放電能量回送到昇壓式轉換器的儲能電容中,提昇系統效能,減少能量浪費。本文電路可實現具能量回送與功因修正之正負脈衝電池充電器,達到高功因快速充電並兼顧電池壽命。最後利用電腦結合視窗軟體以監測電池電壓、充放電時間及電池溫度,藉此瞭解正負脈衝電池快速充電之影響。
Positive/Negative pulse battery charger uses a high and positive pulse current to charge battery quickly and a negative pulse current to remove the bubbles of battery plate. After that, it has a rest time to make charging effect uniformly. This thesis uses an isolated boost-forward converter to charge battery quickly with high current positive pulse and also achieve high power factor of the charging system. By using the flyback converter, the energy released from the battery to the primary capacitor in the negative pulse discharging mode. Thus, the efficiency can be increased. In addition, the transformer of the flyback converter can be used as the filter inductor of the forward converter, and thus to reduce the size and cost of the system. This monitor system is used to record the data of battery voltage, battery temperature, and time period of charging and discharging, which can be used to analyze the performance of positive/negative pulse charging system.
摘要 Ⅰ
英文摘要 Ⅱ
誌謝 Ⅲ
目錄 Ⅳ
圖目錄 Ⅵ
表目錄 Ⅹ
符號表 ⅩⅠ
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 研究背景與現況 2
1.3 內容大綱 3
第二章 鉛酸蓄電池與功因修正介紹 4
2.1 簡介 4
2.2 鉛酸蓄電池密閉反應原理 5
2.3 鉛酸蓄電池的充電方式 6
2.4 鉛酸蓄電池的特性 9
2.5 鉛酸蓄電池容量之偵測 12
2.6 電池之等效模型 15
2.7 功因修正電路介紹 17
第三章 正負脈衝電路設計與分析 23
3.1 電路架構 23
3.2 正負脈衝電路分析 24
3.2.1 正脈衝充電模式 25
3.2.2 延遲模式 29
3.2.3 負脈衝放電模式 29
3.2.4 休息模式 30
3.3 電路操作模式設計 31
第四章 硬體電路之製作與實驗結果 37
4.1 充電系統規劃 37
4.2 正負脈衝邏輯控制電路 41
4.3 電路元件參數設計 43
4.4 實驗結果與討論 46
4.4.1 改變正負脈衝頻率實驗 47
4.4.2 改變正脈衝電流大小之實驗 55
4.4.3 改變負脈衝低頻責任週期之實驗 62
4.4.4 改變正脈衝低頻責任週期之實驗 69
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 72
5.1 結論 72
5.2 未來研究發展 72
參考文獻 73
附錄 78
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