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研究生:蘇裕哲
研究生(外文):Yu-Che Su
論文名稱:CDMA無線通訊系統中功率控制之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of Power Control for CDMA Cellular Mobile Systems
指導教授:黃振發黃振發引用關係蘇賜麟
指導教授(外文):J.-F. HuangS.-L. Su
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:分碼多工多媒體功率控制
外文關鍵詞:CDMAmultimediapower control
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功率控制機制在TDMA/FDMA/CDMA行動通訊系統中依照控制之特性,可分成中央式和分散式兩種,要實現中央式功率控制機制,基地台必須掌握全部的鏈路增益資訊,才能解出使用者最佳的發射功率,但分散式功率控制的實現,基地台只需知道接收功率和信號干擾比等本地區域性資料。

首先,我們假設所有的鏈路資料已知的情況下,並假設所有的使用者要求相同的信號品質,分析了TDMA/FDMA/CDMA行動通訊系統中的使用者的最佳發射功率和能達到的最佳信號品質,並分析多媒體CDMA行動通訊系統中,具不同信號品質要求下之最佳解。

其次,我們探討各種分散式功率控制機制的收斂問題,在大刻度衰落為通道模型下,我們提出一個完全分散式功率控制演算法,來改進傳統方法無法快速收斂缺點,我們只須要利用基地台之區域量測資料,就可在公平之原則下達到不同之信號品質要求,並能保持發射功率在一合理之範圍。

第三,我們進一步考慮小刻度衰落之通道模型,我們發現在發射功率有限制之情況下發現,傳統的方法,都會處於高度的失誤機率,為了改善效能,我們提出了SOLPC演算法來降低失誤機率。

最後,以傳輸通道遭遇了嚴重的屏蔽和多路徑衰落時,所引起的SIR變動太大的問題為出發點,運用具有良有預測能力的灰色理論,來維持目標之品質,進而改善失誤機率。
Power control schemes for TDMA/FDMA/CDMA cellular mobile systems can be centralized or distributed depending on the nature of control. The base station has the full knowledge of link gains for the centralized control to decide the power adjustment of each individual mobile user, but has only the local information of the received power (different signal-to-interference, SIR, for example) for distributed mechanism.

Firstly, optimum solutions of TDMA/FDMA/CDMA cellular mobile systems based on the same required SIR threshold and optimum solution of multimedia CDMA cellular mobile system based on different SIR requirement are investigated for the centralized power control.

Secondly, we focus on the distributed power control based on the large-scale fading. The previous distributed power control schemes for TDMA/FDMA/CDMA cellular mobile systems are modified to be adaptive to the multimedia CDMA cellular mobile systems and a fully distributed uplink power control algorithm is proposed. The proposed power control scheme only needs the local measurements at the base station and can meet different SIR requirements of mobile users based on the fair principle. From the simulation results, the proposed schemes can not only converge fast but also keep the transmitted power in a reasonable range.

Thirdly, an SIR-based outer loop power control (SOLPC) algorithm is proposed for the multimedia CDMA systems. The proposed outer loop power control process only needs the local measurements at the base station and can provide SIR requirements of mobile users based on fair principle. From the simulation results, the proposed scheme can not only offer less outage probability, but also keep the transmitted power in a reasonable range.

Finally, the propagation channel of the mobile radio system exhibits severe signal shadowing and multipath fading which results in wide variation of SIR at the receiver. To tackle this problem, power control is used to maintain the desired link quality and thus achieve higher capacity. In order to mitigate the channel variation effect precisely, a new application of the grey theory to the power control strategy in the CDMA cellular mobile systems is introduced in this paper. This scheme aims to predict SIR affected by the channel variation at the receiver and issue appropriate control signal to the transmitter. The simulation results indicate that grey based scheme can offer less outage probability than the previous mechanisms.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Optimum solution 5
1.2.1 Optimum solution for TDMA/FDMA cellular mobile system 5
1.2.2 Optimum solution for CDMA cellular mobile system 8
1.2.3 Optimum solution for multimedia CDMA cellular mobile system 11
CHAPTER 2 DISTRIBUTED UPLINK POWER CONTROL WITH LOCAL MEASUREMENTS FOR MULTIMEDIA CDMA CELLULAR MOBILE SYSTEMS 13
2.1 Previous works 13
2.2 Fully distributed power control 16
2.2.1 Local maximum factor 18
2.2.2 Local minimum factor 18
2.2.3 Local average factor 18
2.3 Simulation model 19
2.4 Simulation results 20
CHAPTER 3 SIR-BASED OUTER LOOP POWER CONTROL FOR MULTIMEDIA CDMA CELLULAR MOBILE SYSTEMS 41
3.1 SIR-based outer loop power control 41
3.1.1 Close loop power control 41
3.1.2 Design of desired SIR threshold 41
3.1.3 SIR-based outer loop power control 42
3.2 Channel and simulation models 43
3.2.1 Channel model 43
3.2.2 Simulation model 44
3.3 Simulation results 45
CHAPTER 4 GREY-BASED POWER CONTROL FOR CDMA CELLULAR MOBILE SYSTEMS 57
4.1 Grey theory 57
4.1.1 Principles of grey theory 58
4.1.2 Procedure of GM(1, 1) prediction 58
4.1.3 Example 62
4.2 Grey based reverse-link power control 62
4.3 Channel model and simulation model 63
4.3.1 Channel model 63
4.3.2 Simulation model 64
4.4 Fuzzy based power control algorithm 67
4.4.1 Introduction to fuzzy power control 67
4.4.2 Basic architecture of FLC systems 68
4.5 Simulation results 69
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION 88
REFERENCE 90
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