跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.87.33.97) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/01/27 16:26
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:張民典
研究生(外文):Min-Tien Chang
論文名稱:切換式磁阻馬達換相位置估測於廣域控制之研究
論文名稱(外文):SRM Commutation Position Estimation with Wide Operating Speed Range
指導教授:陳建富陳建富引用關係梁從主
指導教授(外文):Jiann-Fun ChenTsorng-Juu Liang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:無轉軸偵測元件切換式磁阻馬達
外文關鍵詞:SRMsensorless
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:409
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:136
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
切換式磁阻馬達構造簡單、成本低且效能高,廣泛應用於各種產品。切換式磁阻馬達運轉時通常採用轉軸感測元件偵測換相位置,但其成本高且可靠度低,不適用於惡劣環境,因此發展出多種無轉軸偵測元件之控制方法。而大部分的無轉軸偵測元件控制法僅適用於低速區或高速區,能兼顧高速區與低速區的方法又需採用較強大的微處理器,增加系統成本。故本文探討切換式磁阻馬達在不同轉速下,結合兩種無轉軸偵測元件控制技術,期望以低成本的控制技術取代轉軸角度偵測元件。當切換式磁阻馬達在低速運轉時,其反電動勢很小,導通電流可做脈寬調變控制,利用偵測導通相之截波電流斜率以估測轉子換相位置;當切換式磁阻馬達在高速運轉時,反電動勢增大,導通相電流為單脈波形式,利用偵測導通相之磁通鏈以估測轉子換相位置。控制系統以微處理器配合硬體將之實現,並由實驗結果驗證本文所採用方法之可行性。
Abstract
Because of simple structure, low cost and high performance, switched reluctance motor have been applied widely various products. Switched reluctance motor drive usually employs position sensors to determine the commutation position. However, position sensors increase the cost and reduce the reliability of the drive system in harsh environments. Therefore, various sensorless control techniques are developed. Most of the sensorless control techniques are suitable only for high or low speed range. Some techniques which are suitable both for high and low speed range have to employ powerful micro-processer and increase the cost. This thesis combines two sensorless control techniques for switched reluctance motor in various speed ranges, so as to replace position sensors. When switched reluctance motor is operated in low-speed, the drive system is controlled by pulse width modulation technique because of low back electromotive force. Thus, the commutation position can be determined by detecting the slope of chopping current waveform of the excited phase. When switched reluctance motor is operated in high-speed, the excited current is single pulse mode because of high electromotive force. Therefore, the commutation position can be determined by detecting the flux linkage of the excited phase. This control system is sucessfully built with a digital micro-processer, and the experimental results are used to verify the feasibility of the proposed methods.
摘 要 Ⅰ
英 文 摘 要 Ⅱ
致 謝 Ⅲ
目 錄 Ⅳ
圖 目 錄 Ⅵ
表 目 錄 Ⅷ
符 號 表 Ⅸ
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與背景 1
1.2 文獻回顧 2
1.3 論文章節概要 3
第二章 切換式磁阻馬達原理 4
2.1 切換式磁阻馬達簡介 4
2.2 動作原理及數學模型 8
2.3 轉換器電路 14
2.4 轉子換相位置偵測 19
第三章 換相位置估測系統 24
3.1 電流截波斜率量測法 25
3.2 磁通鏈與電流量測法 28
第四章 實驗架構及結果討論 33
4.1 實驗系統架構 33
4.2 低轉速特性量測 39
4.3 高轉速特性量測 48
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 56
5.1 結論 56
5.2 未來研究方向 57
參考文獻 58
作者簡介 63
[1] N. N. Fulton, “The Application of CAD to Switched Reluctance Drives,” IEE Conferences on Electric Machines and Drives, no. 282, pp. 275-279, Dec. 1987.
[2] G. E. Dawson, A. R. Eastham, and J. Mizia, “Switched Reluctance Motor Torque Characteristics: Finite Element Analysis and Test Relucts,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 23, pp. 532-537, May/June 1987.
[3] M. Moallem, C. M. Ong, and L. E. Unnewehr, “Effect of Rotor Profiles on the Torque of a Switched Reluctance Motor,” IEEE Conferences on Industry Application Society, pp.247-253, Oct. 7-12, 1990.
[4] D. A. Torrey, X. M. Niu, and E. J. Unkauf, “Analytical Modelling of Variable-Reluctance Machine Magnetisation Characteristics,” IEE Proceedings on Electric Power Applications, vol. 142, no. 1, pp. 14-22, Jan. 1995.
[5] M. N. Anwar, I. Husain, and A. V. Radun, “A Comprehensive Design Methodology for Switched Reluctance Machines”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1684 -1692, Nov.-Dec. 2001
[6] K. H. Ha and J. P. Hong, “Dynamic Rotor Eccentricity Analysis by Coupling Electromagnetic and Structural Time Stepping FEM” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 37, no. 5 Part: 1, pp. 3452 –3455, Sept. 2001
[7] W. Cai and P. Pillay, “Resonant Frequencies and Mode Shapes of Switched Reluctance Motors” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 43 –48, March 2001
[8] T. Boukhobza, M. Gabsi, and B. Grioni, “Random Variation of Control Angles, Reduction of SRM Vibrations”, Electric Machines and Drives Conference, 2000. IEMDC 2001. IEEE International, pp. 640 –643 , 2001
[9] I. Husain, “Minimization of Torque Ripple in SRM Drives” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 28–39 , Feb. 2002
[10] W. F. Ray and R. M. Davis, “Inverter Drive for Doubly Salient Reluctance : Its Fundamental Behaviour , Linear Analysis and Cost Implications,” IEE Electric Power Applications, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 185-193, Dec. 1979
[11] R. M. Davis, W. F. Ray, and R. J. Blake, “ Inverter Drive for Switched Reluctance Motor: Circuits and Component Ratings,” IEE Proceeding, vol. 128, Pt. B, no. 2, pp. 126-136, Mar. 1981.
[12] M. Ehsani, I. Husain, K. R. Ramini, and J. H. Galloway, “Dual-Decay Converter for Switched Reluctance Motor Drives in Low-Voltage Applications," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronic, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 224-230, Apr. 1993.
[13] A. M. Heva, V. Blasko, and T. A. Lipo, “A Modified C-Dump Converter for Variable-Reluctance Machines,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 1017-1022, Sept./Oct. 1992.
[14] C. Pollock and B. W. Williams, “Power Converter Circuits for Switched Reluctance Motors with the Minimum Number of Switches,” IEE Proceedings on Electric Power Applications, vol. 137, no. 6, pp. 373-384, Nov. 1990.
[15] S. Mir, I. Husain, and M. E. Elbuluk, “Energy-Efficient C-Dump Converters for Switched Reluctance Motors,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronic, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 912-921, Sept. 1997.
[16] C. Pollock and B. W. Williams, “A Unipolar Converter for a Switched Reluctance Motor,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Application, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 222-228, Mar./Apr. 1990,
[17] H. C. Lovatt and J. M. Stephenson, “Computer-Optimised Current Waveform for Switched-Reluctance Motors,” IEE Proceedings on Electric Power Applications, vol. 141, no. 2, pp. 45-51, Mar. 1994.
[18] I. Husain and M. Ehsani, “Torque Ripple Minimization in Switched Reluctance Motor Drives by PWM Current Control,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronic, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 83-88, Jan. 1996.
[19] W. F. Ray and I. H. Al-Bahadly, “Sensorless Methods for Determining the Rotor Position of Switched Reluctance Motors”, Power Electronics and Applications, vol.6, pp. 7 -13, Fifth European Conference on 1993
[20] A. Kawamura, “Survey of Position Sensorless Switched Reluctance Motor Control”, 20th International Conference on Industrial Electronics, IECON '94., vol. 3, pp. 1595 –1598, 1994.
[21] B. Fahimi, G. Suresh, and M. Ehsani, “Review of Sensorless Control Methods in Switched Reluctance Motor Drives”, Industry Applications Conference, Conference Record of the 2000 IEEE, vol. 3, pp. 1850 –1857, 2000.
[22] A. Lumsdaine, J. H. Lang, and M. J. Balas, “A State Observer for Variable Reluctance Motors: Analysis and Experiments”, Nineteeth Asilomar Conference on Systems and Computers, pp. 660 –664, 1985.
[23] A. Lumsdaine and J. H. Lang, “State Observers for Variable-Reluctance Motors”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 133 –142, April 1990
[24] W. D. Harris and J. H. Lang, “A Simple Motion Estimator for Variable-Reluctance Motors”, Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, Conference Record of the 1988 IEEE, vol. 1, pp. 281-286, 1988
[25] W. D. Harris and J.H. Lang, “A Simple Motion Estimator for Variable-Reluctance Motors”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 237 -243, March-April 1990
[26] Z. Zhao, H. Jin, and S. Yang, “Implementation of a New Position Sensorless Control Technique for Switched Reluctance Motor Drives”, Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, IEEE Fourteenth Annual , 1999, vol. 2, pp. 1232 –1236, 1999
[27] J. P. Lyons, S. R. MacMinn, and M. A. Preston, “Flux/Current Methods for SRM Rotor Position Estimation”, Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, Conference Record of the 1991 IEEE, vol. 1, pp. 482 –487, 1991
[28] C. H. Choi, D. Lee, and K. Park, “A New Performance Estimation Method for a Switched Reluctance Motor Without the Design Process of the Torque Controller”, IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, vol.2, pp. 1163-1168, 2001.
[29] J. Bu and L. Xu, “Eliminating Starting Hesitation for Reliable Sensorless Control of Switched Reluctance Motors”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 59 -66, Jan.-Feb. 2001
[30] S. K. Panada and G. A. J. Amaratunga, “Analysis of the Waveform-Detection Technique for Indirect Rotor-Position Sensing of Switched Reluctance Motor Drives”, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 476 –483, Sept. 1991
[31] S. K. Panada and G. A. J. Amaratunga, “Waveform Detection Technique for Indirect Rotor-Position Sensing of Switched-Reluctance Motor Drives. I. Analysis”, IEE Proceedings B, Electric Power Applications, vol. 140, no. 1 , pp. 80 –88, Jan. 1993
[32] S.K. Panada and G. A. J. Amaratunga, “Waveform Detection Technique for Indirect Rotor-Position Sensing of Switched-Reluctance Motor Drives. II. Experimental Results”, IEE Proceedings B, Electric Power Applications, vol. 140, no. 1, pp. 89 -96, Jan. 1993
[33] S. K. Panda, K. Y. Chong, and K. S. Lock, “Indirect Rotor Position Sensing for Variable Reluctance Motors”, Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, 1994., Conference Record of the 1994 IEEE , vol.1, pp. 644 -648, 1994
[34] M. Ehsani, I. Husain, and A.B. Kulkarni, “Elimination of Discrete Position Sensor and Current Sensor in Switched Reluctance Motor Drives”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 28, no. 1 Part: 1, pp. 128 –135, Jan.-Feb. 1992
[35] M. Ehsani, I. Husain, S. Mahajan, and K. R. Ramani, “New Modulation Encoding Techniques for Indirect Rotor Position Sensing in Switched Reluctance Motors”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 30, no. 1 , pp. 85 –91, Jan.-Feb. 1994
[36] I. Husain and M. Ehsani, “Rotor Position Sensing in Switched Reluctance Motor Drives by Measuring Mutually Induced Voltages”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 30, no. 3 , pp. 665 –672, May-June 1994
[37] T. J. E. Miller, “Switched Reluctance Motors and Their Control,” Oxford Press, New York, 1993.
[38] TMS320C24X DSP Controllers CPU, System, and Instruction Set, vol. 1, Texas Instruments, 1997.
[39] TMS320C24X DSP Controllers Peripheral Library and Specific Devices, vol. 2, Texas Instruments, 1997.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊