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研究生:徐國恩
研究生(外文):Kuo-En Hsu
論文名稱:複合式動物移動與震動行為量測技術之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Combined Measurement Techniques for Animal's Locomotor and Vibratory Behaviors
指導教授:楊明興楊明興引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-Shing Young
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:LabVIEW動物行為量測紅外線矩陣超音波相位差法CCD 攝影機加速度計
外文關鍵詞:infrared matrixanimal behavior measurementultrasound phase differenceCCD video cameraaccelerometerLabVIEW
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:433
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:70
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
動物行為量測在生理學、心理學、藥物學的研究,以及在醫學上各種行為模式的建立,佔有舉足輕重的地位。一個設計精良的動物行為量測系統,不但能降低實驗的複雜性,並且能提供更準確且多樣具代表性的量測參數,增加實驗的效率和可靠度,減少實驗資源的浪費。
本論文在第一部分提出紅外線矩陣與超音波複合式動物行為量測系統的架構,分別以紅外線矩陣和超音波量測動物的移動和震動,並將量測信號以串列資料形態傳進電腦以顯示並儲存。實驗後可立即以LabVIEW所寫的分析軟體來計算動物在位移上的十項參數、重複行為的七項參數、震動的三項參數,以及這些行為參數每十分鐘的改變情形。此外,軟體可將分析結果儲存為文字檔,以提供更進一步的統計。
本論文在第二部分提出一結合影像定位和震動感測新型複合式動物行為量測系統。在震動行為量測方面,乃是應用一個小型加速度計(AnalogDevices ADXL202JE),將它固定在動物身上,直接量測動物的震動。此加速度計具有一理論值9.0mG 的解析度,故可測得相當微小的震動。量測信號同樣以串列資料形態傳進電腦並儲存。在分析軟體部分,只要將第一部分的軟體做些微修改,即可得到與前一複合式動物行為量測系統幾乎完全相同的動物行為參數,以利兩系統之間的比較。另外,為了配合新系統特性上的不同,一些動物行為參數在定義上會作一點改變。
最後,本論文以施打不同的藥劑所量測的動物實驗結果來比較兩系統的特性以及限制,可證明新型量測系統能提供更強的動物行為鑑別能力,達到以最簡單的方法得到最準確且最具有意義的量測目標。
The measurement of animal behavior plays a critical role in the research on physiology, psychology, pharmacology, and the establishment of various behavior models in medical science. A well-designed measurement system for animal behavior will not only lower the complexity of an experiment, but also offer more accurate and multiple representative measurement parameters, increase the efficiency and reliability of an experiment and decrease the waste of experiment resources.
In the first part of this thesis, we present the construction of a measurement system for animal behavior, which is combined with the infrared matrix and the ultrasound to measure the animal locomotor and vibratory respectively, and transfer the measured signal into PC as series data format so that it can be displayed and saved. After the experiment, the analysis software programmed by LabVIEW can be used immediately to compute ten parameters of locomotor, seven parameters of stereotypy, three parameters of vibratory, and the change situation of these behavior parameters with every ten minutes. In addition, this software will save analysis results as text files for further statistics.
In the second part of this thesis, it provides a new type combined measurement system for animal behavior, an integrated system with image locating and vibration sense. In the aspect of measuring the vibratory behavior, it is applied with an accelerometer (Analog Devices ADXL202JE), which is fixed on the animal's body to measure its vibration directly. This accelerometer processes a theory resolution of 9.0mG, so that it's able to measure the very light vibration. The measured signal is also transferred as series data format into PC and saved. In the aspect of analysis software, it offer almost fully the same parameters of animal behavior as parameters offered by the above combined measurement system for animal behavior by slightly modify the software in the first part. It benefits the comparison between these two systems. Furthermore, the definition of some animal behavior parameters will be a little changed in order to fit the difference of characteristics of new type system.
Finally, this paper will compare the characteristics and limitation of these two systems according to the results of animal experiments with different kind of drugs injected. It proves that the new type measurement system can provide more strong ability of recognizing animal behaviors and it meets the goal of using the simplest method to obtain the most accurate and meaningful measurement.
第一章 緒論························ 1
第二章 系統設計······················ 4
2-1 紅外線與超音波複合式動物行為量測系統········· 5
2-1-1 量測原理····················· 6
A. 紅外線矩陣的量測原理··············· 6
B. 超音波相位差法的量測原理············· 6
2-1-2 系統設計····················· 7
A. 硬體系統····················· 7
B. 軟體設計·····················12
2-2 數位攝影機與加速度計複合式動物行為量測系統······34
2-2-1 量測原理·····················35
A. 數位攝影機的量測原理···············35
B. 加速度計的量測原理················36
2-2-2 系統設計·····················37
A. 硬體設計·····················37
B. 軟體設計·····················45
第三章 系統測試······················53
3-1 實驗設計·······················53
3-2 實驗結果·······················55
3-2-1 活動量與轉彎趨勢參數分析·············57
3-2-2 重複性行為參數分析················66
3-2-3 震動行為參數分析·················73
第四章 討論························76
第五章 結論························80
參考文獻························· 81
附錄一 89C51 單晶微處理器韌體程式·············85
附錄二 在LabVIEW 中的動物行為參數演算法··········92
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