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研究生:江垂南
研究生(外文):Chui-Nan Chiang
論文名稱:以單側視目鏡引發大腦側化所造成的身心功能變化
論文名稱(外文):Psychophysiological Changes Pertaining to Temporary Lateralization
指導教授:游一龍游一龍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lung Yu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:行為醫學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:視網膜情緒溫度非對稱性視野
外文關鍵詞:AsymmetryVisual fieldTemperatureEmotionRetina.
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中 文 摘 要
本論文以自製單側視目鏡方法來檢驗「當刺激僅從單側近鼻緣視網膜進入大腦比刺激從同側視網膜進入大腦更能產生腦側化現象」之假說。再者,本研究旨在評估經由上述兩種不同的視覺路徑刺激大腦後,對受試者情緒以及身心功能如:腦波、耳溫和指溫的變化。研究結果發現,經由左眼視網膜進入大腦所造成之大腦額葉側化效應(asymmetry index [(L-R/L+R) × 100] of beta/alpha EEG (p < .047))比經由左眼近鼻緣視網膜較為明顯;但是,這樣的效應卻沒有發生在右眼類似的操弄情境下。這些結果並不支持上述所欲檢驗的假說。另一個發現是,在健康受試者身上經由相同的實驗方法後,並未令受試者的雙手指溫和雙耳耳溫產生差異。刺激經由左眼視網膜進入大腦比經由近鼻緣視網膜會令精神病患者產生明顯的雙手指溫差異現象。有趣的是,在精神科病人身上觀察到刺激經由左眼視網膜比經由同側近鼻緣視網膜令受試者感受到較強烈的焦慮感和罪惡感。在健康受試者身上觀察到刺激經由左眼近鼻緣視網膜比經由同側視網膜令受試者感受到較強烈傷心和憤怒的情緒。
Abstract
This article describes an asymmetrical monocular goggle method to examine the hypothesis that unilateral nasal-sided retina stimulation exerts more robust lateralization effects than does ipsilateral retina stimulation. In addition, this study was undertaken to assess the impacts of unilateral and unilateral nasal-sided retina stimulations on the psychophysiological (EEG, ear and finger temperature) and affect changes. Surprisingly, the lateralization effect (asymmetry index [(L-R/L+R) × 100] of beta/alpha EEG (p < .047) in frontal region) produced by left retina stimulation was found more robust as compared to it produced by ipsilateral nasal-sided retina stimulation in healthy subjects. Nonetheless, such lateralization effect was comparable between right retina stimulation and ipsilateral nasal-sided stimulation in these subjects. These results did not support the above-mentioned hypothesis. Moreover, the other psychophysiological indices such as ear and finger temperature failed to exhibit any difference regardless of the side and degree of retina stimulation in healthy subjects. In contrast, the lateralization effects (laterality index (L-R) of finger temperature) produced by left-sided retina stimulation were found more robust as compared to it produced by ipsilateral nasal-sided retina stimulation in the psychotic patients. More interestingly, the higher degree of retina stimulation, the more intense affects such as anxiety and guilt were expressed in the psychotic patients. In healthy subjects, they reported lower degree of anger and sadness under the left retina stimulation compared to anger and sadness experienced under the left nasal-sided retina stimulation. Lateralization effects on affect changes were discussed.
Contents in Briefpages
中文摘要iii
English Abstractiv
Acknowledgementsvi
Contents in Briefvii
Table Listsviii
Figure Listsix
Chapter 1Two approach of hemispheric lateralization1
1.1Hemispheric lateralization background1
1.2Unilateral visual field studies2
1.3Bilateral visual field studies5
1.4Was the hemispheric lateralization observed under bilateral visual field stimulation as similar in degree as under unilateral visual field stimulation without execution of the tasks?6
1.5The first aim7
Chapter 2Psychophysiological changes induced by hemispheric lateralization8
2.1Hemispheric lateralization and EEG8
2.2Hemispheric lateralization and hearts9
2.3Hemispheric lateralization and temperature asymmetry10
2.4Hemispheric lateralization and emotion11
2.5The second aim12
Chapter 3Methods and materials13
3.1Experiment 113
3.2Experiment 217
Chapter 4Results19
4.1Experiment 119
4.2Experiment 224
Chapter 5Conclusion 25
References29
Appendix50
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