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研究生:黃文顯
研究生(外文):Weng-Hsien Huang
論文名稱:不完全競爭下的資本流動與海外直接投資
論文名稱(外文):Imperfect Competition with Capital Flow and Foreign Direct Investment
指導教授:王富美王富美引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fuhmei Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:國際企業學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:不完全競爭資本流動海外直接投資
外文關鍵詞:Imperfect CompetitionCapital FlowForeign Direct Investment
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
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  • 下載下載:124
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本研究從不完全競爭的角度探討資本流動與海外直接投資的關係。針對壟斷性競爭的商品市場,在一個兩國模型中,探討政府的政策對於海外直接投資的影響。藉由政策的改變,瞭解民間消費與產出的變化。進而討論一國及全球福利是否增加。
研究結果發現不完全競爭下的財貨市場的確會影響海外直接投資的進行。面對外國的直接投資,為了增進本國的福利,政府應該鼓勵投資的增加,而非限制投資。當兩國政府採行擴張財政政策,不論短期或長期,將減少兩國福利。此外,本文更考慮了產品創新的議題,當財貨市場為不完全競爭時,短期下,品質創新主要是受到兩國政府政策的影響,若是兩國政府皆採取擴張的財政政策將會鼓勵產品品質創新。而長期下,產品品質不僅是受到政府財政支出的影響,亦會受到外國投資的影響,當外國對本國的投資量愈大,愈能導引創新。
In this research, we investigate the capital flows with imperfect competition (monopolistic competition). Existing literature discussed capital flows, especially FDI, or imperfect competition separately. The determinants and the effects of FDI with monopolistic competition are also examined. Especially, we focus on the welfare effects and spillover effects of country sizes on economic growth with FDI. We develop a simple general equilibrium model of macroeconomics with goods market in imperfect competition. In this research, we adopt the assumption of the monopolistic competition because it is more realistic. In particular, we apply the monopolistic competition features to analyze the effects of government policies, such as: fiscal policy, taxation or government expenditure, capital controls, as well as the welfare evaluation and growth implication of FDI. In a word, it emphasizes: (1) the determinants of FDI (2) the effects of policies (3) the welfare effects and economic growth impacts of FDI.
On impact or in the long run, increases in domestic government expenditure reduce both countries’ welfare. It stimulates product quality innovation if two countries take expansion policies. The more foreign direct investment to home country, the more the innovation. Therefore, for raising the welfare of home country, the government should encourage foreign direct investment rather than limiting it.
內容目錄
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………….1
第一節 研究動機………………………………………………….1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………………….4
第三節 研究架構………………………………………………….5
第二章 文獻回顧………………………………………………….7
第一節 不完全競爭下的總體經濟體系………………………….7
第二節 資本流量及海外直接投資………………………………14
第三節 資本流動與資本管制……………………………………17
第四節 其它相關的議題…………………………………………19
第三章 理論模型…………………………………………………22
第一節 模型的建立………………………………………………22
第二節 最適狀態及線性化………………………………………28
第三節 管制直接投資及資金流動的短期效果…………………31
第四節 管制直接投資及資金流動的長期效果…………………36
第五節 產品品質創新……………………………………………41
第六節 福利影響分析……………………………………………42
第四章 數值模擬…………………………………………………52
第一節 初始值的設定……………………………………………52
第二節 模擬結果…………………………………………………53
第三節 模擬分析…………………………………………………56
第五章 結論與建議………………………………………………58
第一節 研究結論…………………………………………………58
第二節 研究限制…………………………………………………60
第三節 未來研究方向……………………………………………60
參考文獻………………………………………………………….61
圖表內容
圖次
圖1-1研究架構………………………………………………………6
表次
表3-1短期下實質面的效用與變數的關係…………………………44
表3-2長期下實質面的效用與變數的關係…………………………46
表3-3短期下名目面的效用與變數的關係…………………………48
表3-4長期下名目面的效用與變數的關係…………………………50
表4-1本國為小國時的兩國政府政策效果…………………………53
表4-2本國為大國時的兩國政府政策效果…………………………54
表4-3本國為小國時的兩國政府政策與投資課徵稅率的影響……54
表4-4替代彈性值的影響……………………………………………55
表4-5本國政府政策在長短期的影響………………………………55
表4-6短期下,本國採擴張財政政策對於兩國效用的影響………55
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