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研究生:許立誠
論文名稱:東帝汶獨立運動之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Analysis for East Timor’s Independence Movement
指導教授:葉明德葉明德引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:東南亞研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:西班牙文
論文頁數:114
中文關鍵詞:印尼東帝汶獨立運動
外文關鍵詞:IndonesiaEast TimorIndependence Movement
相關次數:
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後冷戰時期國際間之所以紛擾不靖,主要即是由於層出不窮的民族衝突。特別是國內性主體民族與少數民族的衝突,而這些衝突往往導致國際社會的介入。本文所研究的東帝汶獨立運動即是屬於此類。在印尼佔領東帝汶時期,獨裁者蘇哈托為維持政權的統一與印尼各區域的融合,以強硬手段統治東帝汶,壓迫其政治、文化、語言等,更加深東帝汶人對印尼政府不滿,而持續採取反抗行動,爭取獨立。而最終東帝汶在聯合國協助下,於一九九九年以公民公投的方式,脫離印尼的統治。
本論文針對研究需要,乃以民族主義理論為基礎,先就事件陳述分析,主要目的即是敘述東帝汶獨立運動的發展過程,同時觀察印尼為控制東帝汶,在九零年代後遭到各項危機,以及國際社會的援助對東帝汶的引響。因此,本論文主要探討:首先是東帝汶獨立運動的背景因素,其次是東帝汶獨立運動的發展過程,在來是國際環境對東帝汶獨立運動的影響。
本研究發現,東帝汶與印尼在殖民的歷史上有所差異,但是印尼的佔領才是使東帝汶發生民族主義。印尼能佔領東帝汶是源於冷戰矛盾,成功取得美國的支持。但是印尼的統治始終以軍人管制為主,經濟上無法解決東帝汶的貧窮問題,特別是人權問題始終未改善。後冷戰時期對人權觀念的改變,使眾多國際非政府政府組織在國際上支持東帝汶。加上東帝汶獨立運動放棄使用武力改以和平的反抗運動,使獨立訴求與人權、民主相連接。這個戰略成功使得聯合國、澳洲、美國趁印尼受金融風暴之際,支持東帝汶獨立建國。

Knowing that the reason why there should still be many destabilization during the period cold-war is that because the continuous national conflicts still goes on. There are conflict between the minority groups(ethnicity)and majority group in a country. And this study is on the problem of East Timor which also has strong altercation between the majority group(Indonesia)and it “provience” (East Timor).After invasion East Timor, Suharto used a very cruel method East Timor, and destroyed its culture and language. This deepened the sense of dissatisfaction toward Indonesia,and in every period they protested. Finally, East Timor had departed from Indonesia in an UN-conducted ballot of 1999.
This study is based on the theory of nation, describing and analyzing the development of the East Timor Independent Movement and their nationalism, aims to impact on both caused by the Indonesia crisis during the 1997 and International politic effect.
This Research has found out that East Timor are different from Indonesia in culyure and colony history, but after Indonesia invasion , East Timor’s nationalism was been inevitable. However , the process of annexation was based on the contradiction of cold-war, because Indonesia supported by United State. Indonesia ruled by military dominion to be practiced , and Indonesia could not solve the barren in East Timor, the human right in East Timor has never improved. NGOs have the great influence on molding international public opinion. And, the East Timor Independence Movement had turned from military into resist in peace. So, UN. Australia and USA Government to assist east Timor to reach independence in the time of Southeast Asia finance crisis.

目錄
第一章 緒論
第一節,研究動機與目的…………………………………………………………1
第二節,研究方法、研究範圍與限制…………………3
第三節,理論與文獻分析………………………………4
第二章 獨立運動之背景
第一節,東帝汶概況……………………………………20
第二節,政黨政治與內戰………………………………27
第三節,內戰牽引外患 ………………………………36
第三章 獨立運動之發展
第一節,東帝汶與印尼游擊戰爭………………………46
第二節,和平獨立運動…………………………………53
第三節,獨立運動的支援…………………………………………………………58
第四章,國際社會與東帝汶
第一節,聯合國的角色…………………………………67
第二節,美國對東帝汶問題的立場……………………73
第三節,澳洲對東帝汶的政策…………………………80
第四節,東帝汶公投及其發展…………………………88
第五章,結論……………………………………………100

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梁東屏,「東帝汶首次民主選舉」,中國時報,2001.08.31,十版
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Naipospos, Coki. “Change in indonesia, chance for East Timor”, http://insideindonesia.org/edit48/coki.ht,
Rabasa ,Angel and chalk, Peter Indonesia’s transformation and The stability of Southeast Asia, http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1344/
Tanter, Richard. “The East Timor Peace Process”, http://insideindonesia.org/edit53/tanter
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