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研究生:鄧碧雲
研究生(外文):Pi-Huei Teng
論文名稱:籃球選手成就目標取向、知覺動機氣候及自覺能力對賽前狀態性焦慮與因應策略之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Investigation of Goal Orientation, Perceived Motivational Climate, Perceived Ability, Competitive State Anxiety and Coping Strategies Among Basketball Players
指導教授:季力康季力康引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育學院
系所名稱:教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:124
中文關鍵詞:成就目標取向知覺動機氣候自覺能力賽前狀態性焦慮因應策略
外文關鍵詞:Perceived Motivational ClimateGoal OrientationCoping StrategyCompetitive State AnxietyPerceived Ability
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:24
  • 點閱點閱:582
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:130
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
籃球選手成就目標取向、知覺動機氣候及自覺能力對賽前狀態性焦慮與因應策略之影響

摘 要
本研究的目的在探討男、女籃球選手成就目標取向、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力、賽前狀態性焦慮與因應策略之間的差異及相關與預測。本研究以90年高中籃球聯賽之男、女選手286位選手為受試對象,其中包括男生172名;女生114名,平均年齡16.74±0.89歲。受試者先參加說明並填寫個人資料與成就目標取向量表、知覺動機氣候量表、自覺能力量表及因應策略量表。接著在賽前一小時填寫賽前狀態性焦慮量表。本研究資料以獨立樣本t考驗、皮爾遜積差相關和多元逐步迴歸分析後發現:
(一)t考驗分析發現男選手在工作取向、知覺自我氣候、自覺能力、認知焦慮方向性、身體焦慮方向性、自信心強度、自信心方向性及因應策略中的「針對問題」方面高於女選手。
(二)積差相關發現:1. 男選手的認知焦慮強度與知覺自我氣候呈負相關與自覺能力呈正相關; 2. 男選手的認知焦慮方向性與工作取向與自覺能力呈正相關; 3. 男選手的身體焦慮強度與自覺能力呈負相關; 4.男、女選手的身體焦慮方向性與自覺能力呈正相關; 5.男選手的自信心強度與工作取向、知覺工作氣候、自覺能力呈正相關,女選手的自信心強度與知覺自我氣候及自覺能力量正相關;6.男選手的自信心方向性與工作取向、知覺工作氣候及自覺能力呈正相關;女選手的自信心方向性與知覺工作氣候及自覺能力呈正相關;7.男選手的針對問題與工作取向、自我取向、知覺工作氣候、知覺自我氣候及自覺能力呈正相關;女選手的針對問題與工作取向、知覺工作氣候及自覺能力呈的正相關;8.男選手的針對情緒與工作取向、自我取向、知覺工作氣候及自覺能力呈的正相關;女選手的針對情緒與知覺工作氣候及自覺能力呈正相關;9.男選手的逃避知覺自我氣候呈正相關達顯著水準。

(三)由逐步迴歸分析發現:1.男選手的自覺能力與知覺自我氣候可以有效預測認知焦慮強度;2.男選手的自覺能力與自我取向可以有效預測認知焦慮方向性;3.男選手的自覺能力與知覺自我氣候可以有效預測身體焦慮強度;4.男、女選手的自覺能力可以有效預測身體焦慮方向性;5.男選手的自覺能力與知覺工作氣候可以有效預測自信心強度;女選手的自覺能力、知覺自我氣候與知覺工作氣候可以有效預測自信心強度;6.男選手的自覺能力、知覺自我氣候與工作取向可以有效預測自信心方向性;女選手的自覺能力、知覺工作氣候可以有效預測自信心方向性;7.男選手的知覺工作氣候、自覺能力與工作取向可以有效預測針對問題的因應策略;女選手的知覺工作氣候與自覺能力可以有效預測選手的針對問題的因應策略;8.男選手的知覺工作氣候與工作取向可以有效預測針對情緒的因應策略;女選手的知覺工作氣候、自覺能力可以有效預測選手的針對情緒的因應策略;9.男選手的知覺自我氣候可以有效預測逃避的因應策略。
The Investigation of Goal Orientation, Perceived Motivational Climate, Perceived Ability, Competitive State Anxiety and
Coping Strategies Among Basketball Players

Abstract
The purpose of this study was three-fold. First, to examine the gender differences on goal orientation, perceived motivational climate, perceived ability, state anxiety, and coping strategies. Second, to examine the relationships between goal orientation, perceived motivational climate, perceived ability, state anxiety, and coping strategies. Third, to examine the predictive utility of goal orientation, perceived motivational climate, perceived ability on state anxiety and coping strategies. Two hundred and eighty-six (172 males and 114 females) high school basketball players who competed in the 2001 HBL Game were recruited as participants. Their average age was 16.74± 89 years. Participants were asked to complete TEOSQ, PMCSQ, MPS, Perceived Competence Inventory, and Coping Style Inventory for Athletes before the competition. Participants were also requested to fill out Pre-competitive State Anxiety Scale one hour before the competition. The results of this study indicated that: (1) The t-test analysis showed that male players scored higher on goal orientation, perceived motivational climate, perceived ability, cognitive anxiety, confidence, and “problem-focus” than female players. (2) The results of Pearson correlation analysis found that male players’ cognitive anxiety was negatively related to perceived ego-involved climate and was positively related to perceived ability. Male players’ somatic anxiety was positively related to task orientation and perceived ability. of Male players’ somatic anxiety was negatively related to perceived ability. Both male and female players’ direction of somatic anxiety were positively related to perceived ability. Male players’ self-confidence was positively related to task orientation, perceived task-climate, and perceived ability. On the other hand, female players’ self-confidence was positively related to perceived ego-involved climate and perceived ability. Male players’ task orientation, perceived task-involved climate and perceived ability were positively related to direction of self-confidence. On the other hand, female players’ perceived task-involved climate and perceived ability were positively related to direction of self-confidence. Male players’ task orientation, ego orientation, perceived task-involved climate, perceived ego-involved climate, and perceived ability were positively related to “problem-focus”. Male players’ task orientation, ego-orientation, and perceived ability were positively related to “emotion-focus”. Female players’ perceived task-involved climate and perceived ability were positively related to “emotion-focus”. Male players’ perceived ego-involved climate was positively related to “avoidance”. (3) The results of stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that: Male players’ perceived ability and perceived ego-involved climate predicted intensity of cognitive anxiety. Male players’ direction of cognitive anxiety was predicted by perceived ability and ego orientation. Male players’ perceived ability and perceived ego-involved climate predicted somatic anxiety effectively. Both male and female players’ perceived ability predicted the direction of somatic anxiety effectively. Male players’ perceived ability and perceived task-involved climate predicted self-confidence effectively. On the other hand, female players’ perceived ability, perceived ego-involved climate and perceived task-involved climate could predict self-confidence effectively. Male players’ perceived ability, perceived self-climate and task orientation could predict the direction of self-confidence effectively. Female players’ direction of self-confidence was predicted by perceived ability and perceived task-involved climate. Male players’ perceived ability, perceived task-climate, and task orientation could predict the strategy of effectively. On the other hand, female players’ perceived ability and perceived task-involved climate could predict “problem-focus” coping strategy effectively. Male players’ emotion-focus coping strategy was predicted by task orientation and perceived task-involved climate. Female players’ emotion-focus coping strategy was predicted by perceived task-involved climate and perceived ability. Male players’ perceived ego-involved climate predicted avoidance coping strategy effectively.
目 錄

第壹章 緒 論----------------------------------- 1
第一節 研究背景------------------------------ 1
第二節 研究目的------------------------------ 7
第三節 研究問題------------------------------ 7
第四節 名詞解釋------------------------------ 7
第貳章 文獻探討--------------------------------- 11
第一節 成就目標取向理論---------------------- 11
第二節 成就目標取向與自覺能力的相關研究------ 17
第三節 競賽焦慮的理論與其相關研究------------ 20
第四節 壓力因應策的略理論與其相關研究-------- 25
第五節 研究假設------------------------------ 40
第參章 研究方法--------------------------------- 41
第一節 研究架構------------------------------ 41
第二節 研究對象------------------------------ 42
第三節 研究工具------------------------------ 44
第四節 實施程序------------------------------ 47
第五節 資料處理------------------------------ 48


第肆章 研究結果----------------------------------- 50
第一節 男、女選手在成就目標取向、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力、賽前狀態性焦慮、因應策略之差異------------------------------------ 50
第二節 成就目標取向、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力、賽前狀態性焦慮、因應策略的相關----------- 55
第三節 成就目標取向、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力、賽前狀態性焦慮、因應策略的預測--------- 59
第伍章 討論------------------------------------- 75
第一節 男、女籃球選手成就目標取向、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力、賽前狀態性焦慮、因應策略的差異-------------------------------- 75
第二節 成就目標、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力、賽前狀態性焦慮、因應策略的相關--------- 80
第三節 成就目標、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力、賽前狀態性焦慮、因應策略的預測--------- 88
第陸章 結論與建議------------------------------- 99
第一節 結論---------------------------------- 99
第二節 建議---------------------------------- 101
參考文獻----------------------------------------- 104
中文部分----------------------------------------------------- 104
英文部分----------------------------------------------------- 106
附錄---------------------------------------------------------------- 116
附錄一 運動成就目標取向量表------------------ 116
附錄二 知覺運動動機氣候量表------------------ 117
附錄三 運動自覺能力量表---------------------- 119
附錄四 壓力因應策略量表---------------------- 120
附錄五 賽前狀態性焦慮量表-------------------- 123

表 目 錄

表3-1 女子球隊基本資料------------------------- 42
表3-2 男子球隊基本資料------------------------- 43
表4-1 男、女籃球選手在各變項中的平均數及標準差- 51
表4-2 男、女籃球選手成就目標取向、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力與賽前狀態性焦慮、因應策略的相關摘要表------------------------------------- 55
表4-3 男選手的「認知焦慮強度」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表----------------------------- 59
表4-4 男選手的「認知焦慮方向性」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表--------------------------- 60
表4-5 男選手的「身體焦慮強度」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表----------------------------- 61
表4-6 男選手的「身體焦慮方向性」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表--------------------------- 62
表4-7 女選手的「身體焦慮方向性」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表--------------------------- 63
表4-8 男選手的「自信心強度」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表------------------------------- 64
表4-9 女選手的「自信心強度」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表------------------------------- 65
表4-10 男選手的「自信心方向性」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表----------------------------- 66
表4-11 女選手的「自信心方向性」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表----------------------------- 67
表4-12 男選手的「針對問題」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表--------------------------------- 68
表4-13 女選手的「針對問題」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表--------------------------------- 69
表4-14 男選手的「針對情緒」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表--------------------------------- 70
表4-15 女選手的「針對情緒」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表--------------------------------- 71
表4-16 男選手的「逃避因應」為效標變項之逐步迴歸分析摘要表--------------------------------- 72
表4-17 男、女選手成就目標、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力對賽前狀態性焦慮與因應策略的預測摘要表--- 73


圖 目 錄

圖3-1  研究架構圖------------------------------- 41
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1. 從認知評估、因應方式看國中教師的工作壓力歷程
2. 運動員目標涉入、自覺能力、目的狀態與覺醒對流暢經驗頻率及強度之影響
3. 大學運動員的目標取向、自覺能力與認知評估對競賽壓力因應策略的影響
4. 棒球選手目標取向、知覺動機氣候、競賽壓力因應策略、知覺壓力因應策略有效性與身心倦怠之相關研究
5. 國中生目標導向、自我效能與學習策略、自我設限策略及作弊之關係
6. 不同目標取向、自覺能力對平衡儀工作選擇、努力程度與樂趣之影響
7. 目標涉入、自覺能力對賽前狀態焦慮強度、方向性與運動表現之相關研究
8. 目標取向、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力對控制感及競賽壓力因應策略之影響
9. 大專女子排球運動員之賽前狀態焦慮、領導信任、自評表現與團隊績效之研究
10. 全國中等學校空手道選手運動目標取向與運動參與動機之研究
11. 國中運動校隊選手知覺教練動機氣候和同儕動機氣候對團隊凝聚力影響之研究
12. 國小籃球員團隊動機氣候與能力知覺對賽前狀態焦慮和運動樂趣之預測研究
13. 棒球選手目標取向、知覺動機氣候、競賽壓力因應策略、知覺壓力因應策略有效性與身心倦怠之相關研究
14. 國中運動員完美主義、知覺動機氣候與競技倦怠之相關研究
15. 臺灣區國、高中及大專武術教練領導行為與目標取向之相關研究
 
1. 支毅君(民84)。分數概念教學的省思—由個案說起。國教之聲,28(4),1-7。
2. 吳相儒(民90)。國小學童學習分數概念時常見的迷失。翰林文教雜誌,24,28-33。
3. 李咏吟(民84)。中小學數學科教學策略觀察之資料分析。教育研究,43,19-33。
4. 呂玉琴(1991b)。國小學生的分數概念:1/2 vs. 2/4。國民教育, 31(11, 12), 10-15。
5. 呂玉琴(1993)。影響分數二分之一概念的因素。國民教育, 33(5, 6), 2-11。
6. 林福來、黃敏晃(1993)。分數啟蒙課程的分析、批判與辯證。科學教育學刊, 1(1), 1-27。
7. 林福來、黃敏晃、呂玉琴(1996)。分數啟蒙的學習與教學之發展性研究。科學教育學刊, 4(2),161-169。
8. 周玉秀(民87)。維高斯基心理歷史分析。幼教天地,15,241-251。
9. 陳淑娟、劉祥通(民90)。國小教師進行數學討論活動困難之探討。教育研究資訊,9(2),125-146。
10. 甯自強(民81)。國小數學科新課程的精神及改革動向-由建構主義的觀點來看。科學教育學刊,1(1),101-108。
11. 劉祥通、鄔瑞香和黃瓊儀(2000)。從學生數與量部分的數學小作分析一位國小教師的數學佈題。教育研究資訊, 8 (4), 141-166。
12. 劉祥通、周立勳(民90)。發展國小教師數學教學之布題能力—以分數乘除教學為例。科學教育學刊,9(2),15-34。
13. 鍾靜(民88)。落實國小數學新課程之意圖與學校本位的進修活動。課程與教學季刊,2(1),15-35頁。
14. 顏國樑(民86)。原住民教育政策的發展、理念基礎及實踐。原住民教育季刊,8,28-54。
15. 毛國楠(民84):國中教師的樂觀信念、自我效能、對壓力的認知評估、因應方式與工作調適及身心健康的關係。教育心理學報,28期,177-194頁。
 
1. 籃球選手目標取向、知覺動機氣候、運動身心狀況、情緒反應與身心倦怠之研究
2. 男、女籃球選手目標取向、知覺運動動機氣候、自覺能力、完美主義、賽前狀態性焦慮與滿足感之研究
3. 臺北市國小羽球選手成就目標取向、自覺能力與知覺動機氣候之相關研究
4. 高中籃球選手成就目標取向、知覺動機氣候、勝任訊息來源及知覺運動成功信念之相關研究
5. 目標取向、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力對控制感及競賽壓力因應策略之影響
6. 運動成就目標與賽前狀態焦慮的關係:以目標涉入為主軸之研究
7. 高中射箭選手目標取向、自覺能力、自我設限、自信心及成敗歸因之研究
8. 台灣與大陸籃球選手目標取向、知覺動機氣候、自覺能力、運動動機與滿足感之比較研究
9. 大專公開組一級棒球選手的賽前狀態性焦慮 與運動自信心的關係
10. 音樂治療介入對籃球選手賽前狀態性焦慮影響之研究-以朝陽科技大學女子籃球校隊為例
11. 跆拳道選手目標取向、知覺動機氣候與運動自信心之相關研究
12. 大學女子籃球運動員不同階段健康生活管理紀錄表應用之研究
13. 完美主義,成就目標取向,與自覺能力對舞者舞蹈表演焦慮預測之研究
14. 不同運動水準的籃球選手運動員認同、運動自信心與運動動機之研究
15. 成就目標取向與運動員精神取向對大專籃球員運動合作態度之影響