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研究生:吳素卿
研究生(外文):Su-Ching Wu
論文名稱:足球選手目標取向、知覺運動動機氣候與運動自信心來源之相關研究
論文名稱(外文):The Relationships of Goal Orientation, Perceived Motivational Climate and Sport-Confidence Among Soccer Players
指導教授:季力康季力康引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuang-Li Chi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育學院
系所名稱:教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:123
中文關鍵詞:目標取向知覺運動動機氣候運動自信心來源
外文關鍵詞:Goal OrientationPerceived Motivational ClimateSources of Sport- Confidence
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:57
  • 點閱點閱:2175
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:658
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:5
本研究旨在探討:一、不同性別足球選手目標取向、知覺運動動機氣候與運動自信心來源之相關。二、比較不同性別足球選手在目標取向、知覺運動動機氣候與運動自信心來源之差異。三、比較不同目標取向、知覺運動動機氣候的足球選手其運動自信心來源之差異。以甲組男子足球選手156名(年齡20.95 ±5.51)、女子足球選手73名(年齡20.08 ± 2.78)為調查對象,並採用典型相關、獨立樣本t考驗及單因子變異數分析進行資料之分析與統計考驗,獲致結果如下:
(一)經典型相關分析後發現:男生工作取向及知覺工作取向氣候與其自
信心來源的「技巧精熟」、「展示能力」、「生理/心理準備」、
「社會支持」、「替代經驗」及「教練領導」呈正相關。女生在知
覺工作取向氣候與自信心來源的「社會支持」、「替代經驗」、
「情境有利」及「教練領導」呈正相關。
(二)以獨立樣本t考驗發現:男、女選手在工作取向、知覺工作取向氣
候、知覺自我取向氣候和運動自信心來源的「技巧精熟」、「展示
能力」、「生理/心理準備」、「社會支持」、「情境有利」及
「教練領導」有差異。在工作取向、知覺自我取向氣候和運動自信
心來源都是男生比女生高;在知覺工作取向氣候上女生比男生高。
(三)以單因子變異數分析後發現:不同目標取向男子選手在自信心來源
的「技巧精熟」、「展示能力」、「生理/心理準備」以及「社會
支持」上有差異。不同知覺動機氣候男子選手在「技巧精熟」、
「展示能力」、「生理/心理準備」、「教練領導」、「替代經驗」
以及「情境有利」等六個運動自信心來源向度上有差異。不同目標
取向女子選手在自信心來源的「技巧精熟」、「展示能力」及「生
理/心理準備」為運動自信心來源上有差異。不同知覺運動動機氣
候女子選手在「展示能力」、「教練領導」、「替代經驗」及「情
境有利」上有差異。
The purpose of this study was three-fold. First, to examine the relationships between goal orientations, perceived motivational climate and the source of sport-confidence among soccer players; second, to examine the gender differences on soccer players’ goal orientations, perceived motivational climate and the source of sport-confidence; third, to compare the sources of sport-confidence among soccer players with different goal orientations and perceived motivational climates . Two hundred and twenty nine soccer players (males=156, female=73) who competed in Division-I Soccer league were recruited as participants. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing their goal orientation, perception of motivational climate, and sources of sport-confidence. The results of this study are as followed:
(1) The results of canonical correlation analysis indicated that male soccer players’ task orientation and perception of task-involved climate was positively related to “skill mastery”, “demonstration of ability”, “physical/mental preparation”, “social support”, “coaches’ leadership” and “vicarious experience”. Female soccer players’ perception of task-involved climate was positively related to “social support”, “coaches’ leadership” and “vicarious experience”, and “situational favorableness”.
(2) The results of t-test indicated that there were gender differences on task orientation, perceived task-involved climate, perceived ego-involved climate, and sport-confidence. Specifically, male players had higher score on task orientation, perceived ego-involved climate, and sport-confidence. Female players scored higher on perceived task-involved climate than male players.
(3) The results of the one-way ANOVA indicated that male players with different goal orientation had significant differences on “skill mastery”, “demonstration of ability”, “physical/mental preparation”, and “social support”. Male players with different perception of motivational climate had significant differences on “skill mastery”, “demonstration of ability”, “physical/mental preparation”, “coaches’ leadership”, “vicarious experience”, and “situational favorableness”. Female players with different goal orientation had significant differences on “skill mastery”, “demonstration of ability”, “physical/mental preparation”. Female players with different perception of motivational climate had significant differences on “demonstration of ability”, “coaches’ leadership”, “vicarious experience”, and “situational favorableness”.
第壹章 緒 論---------------------------------------- 1
第一節 研究背景-------------------------------------- 1
第二節 研究目的-------------------------------------- 6
第三節 解釋名詞-------------------------------------- 6
第貳章 文獻探討-------------------------------------- 9
第一節 運動自信心來源之探討-------------------------- 9
第二節 目標取向理論之相關研究------------------------ 12
第三節 目標取向與運動自信心來源相關研究-------------- 21
第四節 研究假設----------------------------- ---------24
第參章 研究工具與方法-------------------------------- 25
第一節 研究架構-------------------------------------- 25
第二節 研究對象-------------------------------------- 26
第三節 研究工具-------------------------------------- 27
第四節 實驗流程-------------------------------------- 29
第五節 資料處理-------------------------------------- 30
第肆章 研究結果-------------------------------------- 31
第一節 男、女足球選手目標取向、知覺運動動機氣 候與運動自信心
來源之典型相關分析--------------------------- 31
第二節 男、女足球選手目標取向、知覺運動動機氣 候與運動自信心來
源之差異分析-----------------------------------40
第三節 不同目標取向、知覺運動動機氣候與自信心來源之差異分析----
-----------------------------------------------41
第伍章 討論----------------------------------------- 89
第一節 男、女足球選手目標取向、知覺運動動機氣候與運動自信心來源
之典型相關-------------------------------------89
第二節 男、女足球選手目標取向、知覺運動動機氣候與運動自信心來源
之差異分析--------------------------------------95
第三節 不同目標取向、知覺運動動機氣候與自信心來源之差異情形--97
第陸章 結論與建議--------------------------------------102
第一節 結論------------------------------------------- 102
第二節 建議------------------------------------------- 105
參考文獻---------------------------------------------- 108
附錄-------------------------------------------------- 117
附錄一 基本資料-------------------------------------- 117
附錄二 運動自信心來源量表---------------------------- 118
附錄三 知覺運動動機氣候量表-------------------------- 121
附錄四 目標取向量表---------------------------------- 123
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