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研究生:黃涵瑳
研究生(外文):hantso huang
論文名稱:衰竭性運動後補充含抗氧化劑運動飲料對復水及血液生化值的影響
論文名稱(外文):The effects of supplementation of sports drink containing antioxidantson rehydration and blood biochemistry in a prolonged exhaustive exercise
指導教授:許美智許美智引用關係王香生王香生引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育學院
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:抗氧化劑維生素C維生素Eβ-胡蘿蔔素復水肌肉細胞
外文關鍵詞:antioxidantvitamin Cvitamin Eβ-carotenerehydrationmuscle cell
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本研究目的在於探討含抗氧化劑運動飲料對衰竭性運動後,體內水份重貯、肌肉細胞損傷、及抗氧化能力的影響。實驗中補充之抗氧化劑運動飲料內含:果糖、維生素E、β-胡蘿蔔素、維生素C、Na+、Cl-、K+、Ca2+、及Mg2+等物質。13名健康之男性自願者擔任受試者。所有受試者在溫度26.88℃﹙±0.23﹚、相對濕度47.95%﹙±1.48﹚下進行運動測試。測試過程包括兩階段,受試者先於60%VO2 max的負荷下進行60分鐘的長時間耐力運動,後面以每分鐘增加0.25 kp的漸增負荷運動至衰竭為止。所有受試於運動後一小時內分別攝取相同於150%體重減少量的純水(W)或含抗氧化劑運動飲料(A)。運動後四小時內,記錄其體重、排尿量及測定各項血液生化值和抗氧化能力指標。單因子重複量數用於檢定攝取不同飲料的變化,若達顯著差異時,再進行事後考驗,顯著水準α= .05。實驗結果顯示,1. A組的復水指數顯著優於W組。2. 體內電解質Na+、Cl-濃度方面,A組有顯著地延遲下降的趨勢。3. 葡萄糖濃度的變化,W組中於運動後75分鐘之後的濃度皆比實驗前顯著下降;而A組則在運動後255分鐘時,才顯著地低於實驗前濃度。4. 在抗氧化能力方面,A組在運動後四小時中,與控制組比較,雖然有較正面的趨勢,但其變化趨勢並無顯著變化。5. 在肌肉細胞損傷指數方面,在運動後24小時的監測後發現, W組的磷酸激活性從衰竭開始一直至運動後24小時,各時段的上升率都顯著高於實驗前;A組中,在運動後255分鐘及8、12、24小時與實驗前已無差異。6. 乳酸脫氫活性方面,兩組的皆高於實驗前,但在運動後第24小時,A組的活性變化率顯著地低於W組。由上總結,本實驗發現於長時間衰竭性運動之後補充含抗氧化劑運動飲料,雖然對抗氧化能力的指標有正面效應的趨勢,但效果不明顯;不過補充含抗氧化劑運動飲料在復水、Na+、Cl-及肌肉損傷的程度都有作用。故長時間衰竭運動後應補充含抗氧化劑運動飲料。
The purpose of this study were to investigate the effects of supplementation of sports drink containing antioxidants on rehydration, antioxidant status, and blood biochemistry in a prolonged exercise. Thirteen untrained healthy males (mean age 23.6±2.3) were assigned to drink either an antioxidant beverage (A) or water (W) on two occasions, seperated by one week. The antioxidant beverage contained 17 g fructose, 0.68 mg vitamin E, 2.04 mg β-carotene and 340 ml vitamin C per 340 ml. The endurance cycling test was performed at 60% VO2 max test for 60 min. The loading was then increased by 0.25 kp every minute until the subject reached volitional fatigue. After the exercise, subject drank a volume of fluid equal to 150% of body weight loss within 1 hour. The urine volume, body weight, and various biochemical parameters were measured before exercise and after exercise at 75 min, 135min, 195 min, 255 min, 8 hr, 12 hr and 24 hr. The concentrations of plasma Na+ and Cl- in W trial during recovery period was found lower than pre-exercise (P<0.05). However, it’s not significantly different in any time point in A trial. The blood glucose concentrations at any time point in A trial were also not different, except in 255 min after the cycling exercise (P<0.05). But, it was significantly lower than pre-ex. from post-ex-75 min after the cycling exercise in W trial (P<0.05). The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity increased from 96.3 to 179.1% in W trial, and from 54.9 to 130.3% in A trial during recovery period as compared with values in pre-ex. The glutathion (GSH) concentrations decreased from 2.1 to 6.4% in W trial, and from 0.7 to 11.1% in A trial during recovery period as compared with values in pre-ex. The malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-HNE concentrations increased from 12.6 to 50.5.% in W trial, and from 11.5 to 45.0% in A trial during recovery period as compared with values in pre-ex. However, there were no differences in all these antioxidant parameters between trials at pre-ex., exhausted, post-ex. at 75 min, 135 min, 195 min, and 255 min. The activity of plasma creatine kinase during recovery period were higher than pre-ex. in W group (P<0.05), but there were no significance in A trial from 255 min to 24 hr after the cycling exercise. The results suggested that the supplementation of antioxidant beverage after endurance exercise might help rehydration and reduce the degree of muscle damage.
中文摘要…………………………………………………………….. I
英文摘要…………………………………………………………….. III
誌謝…………………………………………………………………… V
目錄…………………………………………………………………… VI
表目錄………………………………………………………………… VIII
圖目錄………………………………………………………………… IX
第壹章 緒論……………………………………………………… 1
 一、研究動機…………………………………………………… 1
 二、研究目的…………………………………………………… 2
第貳章 文獻探討………………………………………………… 3
 一、水份與運動表現的關係………………………………… 3
 二、抗氧化劑與運動的關係………………………………… 9
第參章 材料與方法……………………………………………… 16
 一、受試者……………………………………………………… 16
 二、實驗材料…………………………………………………… 16
 三、飲食控制…………………………………………………… 17
 四、前測………………………………………………………… 17
 五、實驗流程…………………………………………………… 18
 六、液體的補充方式…………………………………………… 20
 七、血液分析…………………………………………………… 21
 八、復水反應…………………………………………………… 24
 九、資料收集與處理…………………………………………… 24
第肆章 結果與討論……………………………………………… 25
 一、結果………………………………………………………… 25
 二、討論………………………………………………………… 35
第伍章 結論與建議……………………………………………… 43
 一、結論………………………………………………………… 43
 二、建議………………………………………………………… 44
參考文獻…………………………………………………………… 45
附錄一 受試者基本資料………………………………………… 52
附錄二 血比容變化百分比…………………………………… 53
附錄三 血糖濃度………………………………………………… 54
附錄四 血漿鈉離子濃度………………………………………… 55
附錄五 血漿氯離子濃度………………………………………… 56
附錄六 血漿磷酸激活性…………………………………… 57
附錄七 血漿乳酸脫氫活性………………………………… 58
附錄八 SOD活性………………………………………………… 59
附錄九 血漿MDA+4HNE濃度………………………………… 60
附錄十 GSH濃度………………………………………………… 61
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