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研究生:周家齊
研究生(外文):Ka-Chai Chao
論文名稱:以地理資訊為介面之跨國供應鏈決策支援系統設計
論文名稱(外文):A Design of Multinational Supply Chain Management DSS with GIS Interface
指導教授:黎漢林黎漢林引用關係
指導教授(外文):Han-Lin Li
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:資訊管理所
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:供應鏈支援決策系統地理資訊系統物流跨國企業
外文關鍵詞:Supply ChainDecision Support SystemGeographic Information SystemLogisticsMultinational Corporation
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究設計一供應鏈決策支援系統以協助跨國企業進行需求預測、原料採購、工廠配置、物流管理、存貨管理等決策。本系統中的供應鏈模式為在考慮階層式BOM、轉移售價、稅收、需求變動等因素下求取跨國企業的最大獲利。本系統之人機介面為以網際地理資訊(W-GIS)為架構,連結模式、資料與地圖;以使使用者進行供應鏈各環節的資料查詢、更新與最佳化運籌。

This study designs a supply chain decision support system, which can help multinational corporations to manage their demand forecasting, material purchasing, production allocation, logistics and inventory. The model in this system considers many international factors such as hierarchical BOM, transfer price and tax in a changing environment. The objective of this model is to maximize the income after tax. This system is based on geographic information interface and it integrates the map, data and model. So, the user can use this system to query, update information and optimize the supply chain management.

中文摘要.......................................................i
英文摘要......................................................ii
誌 謝.......................................................iii
目 綠........................................................iv
表 目 綠......................................................vi
圖 目 錄.....................................................vii
一、緒論.......................................................1
1.1 研究背景...................................................1
1.2 研究動機...................................................2
1.3 研究目的...................................................3
1.4 研究內容...................................................3
二、文獻回顧...................................................5
2.1文獻回顧....................................................5
2.2 系統概觀...................................................6
2.2.1 i2.......................................................6
2.2.2 SAP......................................................7
三、跨國供應鏈議題.............................................8
3.1階層式BOM(Bill OF Material).................................8
3.2營業稅與商品進口稅..........................................9
3.3轉移售價(Transfer price)....................................9
3.4進口稅退還.................................................12
四、供應鏈模式................................................13
4.1 跨國供應鏈行為............................................13
4.1.1 供應鏈模式之角色........................................13
4.1.2 供應鏈模式之假設........................................14
4.1.3供應鏈模式之行為.........................................14
4.2 模式符號說明..............................................16
4.2.1集合與下標...............................................16
4.2.2參數.....................................................17
4.2.3變數.....................................................18
4.3 資訊流─商品需求量........................................18
4.4 物流......................................................20
4.5 資金流─成本..............................................20
4.6 資金流─收入..............................................22
4.7 模式......................................................23
五、供應鏈系統架構............................................27
5.1設計要點...................................................27
5.2 系統功能..................................................30
5.2.1 客戶端..................................................31
5.2.2應用程式伺服器...........................................32
5.2.3資料庫...................................................33
六、供應鏈系統模組設計........................................35
6.1 系統模組..................................................35
6.2引用技術...................................................37
6.2.1 Delphi..................................................37
6.2.2 ActiveX.................................................37
6.2.3 COM+....................................................38
6.2.4 ADO.....................................................39
6.2.5 LINGO...................................................40
6.2.6 SQL Server..............................................41
6.3系統架構...................................................41
6.3.1 架構....................................................41
6.3.2 運作流程................................................42
6.4資料設計...................................................43
6.4.1關聯式資料綱要...........................................43
七、供應鏈系統展示............................................45
7.1 系統畫面..................................................45
7.2 範例......................................................50
八、結綸......................................................61
8.1 研究成果..................................................61
8.2 未來發展..................................................61
參 考........................................................63
附 錄 A......................................................64
附 錄 B......................................................70
[1] A.M. Geoffrion, G.W. Graves, Multicommodity distribution system design by Benders decomposition, Management Science 20/5 (1974) 822-844
[2] M.A Cohen, H.L.Lee, Manufacturing strategy: Concepts and methods, in: P.R. Kleindorfer, ed., The Management of Productivity and Technology in Manufacturing, Plenum, New York, 153-188.
[3] B.C. Arntzen, G.G. Brown, T.P. Harrison, L.L. Trafton, Global supply chain management at Digital Equipment Corporation, Interface 25/1 (1995) 63-93
[4] L.K. Nozick, M.A. Turnquist, Inventory, transportation, service quality and the location of distribution centers, European Journal of Operational Research 129 (2001) 362-371
[5] C.J. Vidal, M. Goetschalckx, A global supply chain model with transfer pricing and transportation cost allocation, European Journal of Operational Research 129 (2001) 134-158
[6] F. Chen, Z. Drezner, J.K. Ryan, D. Simchi-Levi, Quantifying the bullwhip effect in a simple supply chain: The impact of forecasting, lead times, and information, Management Science 46/3 (2000) 436-443
[7] D. Simchi-Levi, P. Kaminsky, E. Simchi-Levi, Designing and managing the supply chain, Mcgraw-hill
[8] 黎漢林、許景華、李明純、張李志平,供應鏈管理與決策─最佳化方法之運用,儒林書局
[9] LINGO User manual, LINDO systems.
[10] http://www.i2.com/
[11] http://www.sap.com/
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