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研究生:溫裕弘
研究生(外文):Yuh-Horng Wen
論文名稱:因應需求變動、競爭性供需互動與國際航空公司聯盟之航空網路設計研究
論文名稱(外文):Airline Network Design in Response to Passenger Demand Fluctuations, Competitive Demand-Supply Interactions and International Airline Alliances
指導教授:許巧鶯許巧鶯引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chaug-Ing Hsu
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:運輸科技與管理學系
學門:運輸服務學門
學類:運輸管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:258
中文關鍵詞:航空網路設計旅運需求變動可靠度評估供需互動航空公司競爭互動航空公司共用班號聯盟航線班機頻次規劃多目標規劃
外文關鍵詞:Airline network designPassenger demand fluctuationsReliability evaluationDemand-supply interactionsAirline competitive interactionsAirline code-share allianceFlight frequency determinationMultiobjective programming
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  • 被引用被引用:3
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One of the most important problems airlines encounter is the design of their air service networks. The extreme complexity of designing an airline network is due largely to the need for transportation facilities to meet passenger demands efficiently. Analyses on passenger demand patterns, passenger choice behavior and airline market shares are of priority concern in the planning and design of an airline network. In previous studies of airline network design, passenger demand pattern is assumed to be exogenous, and demand is assumed to be inelastic. In such airline network design studies, the reliability and performance results of network designs, apart from short-term demand fluctuations, are generally not evaluated. The uncertainties with regard to competitive interactions are rarely considered in previous game-theory-based models of airline competition and network design studies. Moreover, few studies have been devoted to constructing network models for studying the airline alliances.
This dissertation is composed of five research subjects in airline network design problems, including multiobjective programming with grey numbers towards airline network design, reliability evaluation for airline network design in response to passenger demand fluctuations, determining flight frequencies on an airline network with demand-supply interactions and competitive interactions in competitive environments, and airline network design for international airline code-share alliances. This study first developed a multiobjective programming with grey-number-based demand inputs for designing an airline network aimed at minimizing both the airline operating costs and the passenger travel costs. Next, this study developed a reliability evaluation model based on chance-constrained stochastic programming and provided a fine-tuning process of flight frequencies to tackle the short-term demand fluctuations for designing an airline network. Furthermore, this study integrated airline network design and market share analysis into one model, aims to analyze the impact of flight frequency/airfare options on passenger choices and airline market shares, and to incorporate demand-supply interaction into network design models. A fuzzy-logic-based competitive interaction model was further developed to describe the uncertain competitive interactions and evaluate the equilibrium of airline competition. Finally, this study combined the airline network design model and market share model with the interactive multiobjective programming techniques to design both the integrated alliance-based network and alliance partner airlines'' networks and analyze the impact of the code-share alliance network on market demand, airline profit, and passenger level of service.
The results of case studies verify that the models are practical and demonstrate that how multiobjective programming, reliability evaluation, competitive demand-supply interactions and alliance interactions might be considered in designing airline networks. The models proposed in this dissertation provide highly effective tools that enable planners to assess the impact of changes in passenger demands and competitive environments on network design performance by taking demand variability, competitive demand-supply interactions and airline alliance interactions into account. Results in each part of the study shed further light into operational planning, performance-related issues, airline competition and alliance issues in airline network design.
Contents
Abstract i
Acknowledgements iii
Contents vii
List of Tables x
List of Figures xii
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Motivation and problem statement 1
1.2 Research objectives 9
1.3 Study approach 12
1.4 Framework of the dissertation 17
Chapter 2 Literature Review
2.1 Airline network modeling 23
2.1.1 Hub-location problem for airline network design 23
2.1.2 Economic issues of airline networks 26
2.1.3 Flight frequency determination and aircraft choice 27
2.2 Airline competition 29
2.3 Airline alliance 33
Chapter 3 Multiobjective Programming with Grey Numbers towards Airline Network Design
3.1 Introduction to the problem 37
3.2 Model formulation 41
3.3 Proposed solution to the multiobjective programming problem 48
3.4 Case study 51
3.5 Summary 62
Chapter 4 Reliability Evaluation for Airline Network Design in Response to Fluctuation in Passenger Demand
4.1 Introduction to the problem 63
4.2 Description and formulation of the problems 66
4.2.1 Airline network design programming 67
4.2.2 Monthly fluctuations in OD passenger demand 71
4.2.3 Reliability of proposed flight frequencies under OD demand fluctuations 74
4.3 A Priori adjustment of flight frequencies 80
4.4 Case study 85
4.5 Summary 100
Chapter 5 Determining Flight Frequencies on an Airline Network with Demand-Supply Interactions
5.1 Introduction to the problem 103
5.2 Model formulation 106
5.2.1 Demand submodel: passengers'' airline-flight choice model 106
5.2.2 Supply submodel: airline flight frequency programming model 113
5.3 Demand-supply interaction 117
5.4 Case study 121
5.5 Summary 139
Chapter 6 Determining Flight Frequencies on an Airline Network in Response to Competitive Interactions
6.1 Introduction to the problem 141
6.2 Model approach 144
6.2.1 Airline market share model 145
6.2.2 Flight frequency programming model 147
6.3 Airline competitive interaction model 150
6.4 Case study 163
6.5 Summary 176
Chapter 7 Airline Network Design for International Airline Code-Share Alliances
7.1 Introduction to the problem 179
7.2 Single airline network design model 182
7.3 Integrated alliance network design model 186
7.4 Interactive multiobjective programming for designing alliance-based network 194
7.5 Case study 198
7.6 Summary 216
Chapter 8 Conclusions
8.1 Research summary 219
8.2 Extensions for future research 228
Appendix Grey Models for Forecasting OD-pair Traffic 231
A-1 Grey time-series model-GM(1,1) models 233
A-2 Grey systematic models-GM(1,N) models 236
References 239
Glossary of Symbols 249
Curriculum Vita 255
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