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研究生:賴芳信
研究生(外文):Lai Fang Shin
論文名稱:數位多模式基頻接收機之設計與效能分析
論文名稱(外文):Design and Performance Analysis of Digital Multi-Mode Receiver
指導教授:吳文榕
指導教授(外文):Wen-Rong Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:電信工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:8元差分相移鍵特高頻數據鏈結陸空數據通訊
外文關鍵詞:D8PSKVDLAir-Ground Data Link
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由於航空交通量大幅增加,傳統飛航裝備與系統漸不符合民航界需求,特高頻的飛機通訊定址與回報系統(ACARS)雖然目前廣泛被使用,但其位元傳輸率偏低,通訊容量小已不敷航空通訊應用內容與數量之用。因此,國際民航組織(ICAO)等組織便制訂了一套新的航空通訊系統,特高頻數位鏈結(VDL),其數據傳輸率高且通訊容量大將取代 ACARS,成為下一代陸空通訊的主流。
本論文之目的在於設計VDL第2模式的基頻接收機並做效能之模擬分析,首先我們建立了航空的通道模型,可以有效的模擬空中和地面的通道,而在設計基頻電路時,根據通道模型我們考慮了其特性,如多重路徑延遲、都卜勒效應等等。為了有效的接收訊號,我們將設計下面幾種元件:匹配濾波器、時序回覆電路、頻率偏移估測裝置和決策回饋等化器。本論文採用Matlab來進行整個接收機的系統模擬和效能分析,結果顯示我們所設計的接收機可在惡劣的通道下達到VDL的要求。最後,我們針對接收機中頻率估測裝置,設計低複雜度的硬體架構,以便在硬體實現。本論文之結果可提供初步的接收機架構雛型,以協助建立國內下一代陸空通訊系統的關鍵技術。

The currently used air-ground communication system is the Aircraft Communication Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS). Due to its low data transmission rate and small communication capacity, ACARS cannot cope with the need for the high throughput aeronautical communication. Thus, ICAO embarked on definition of a new standard for aeronautical communication. This is the VHF digital link (VDL); it has higher transmission rate and large capacity. The VDL will gradually replace the ACARS and become the key VHF data link system for the next generation air-ground data communication.
This thesis is aimed to design a VDL mode2 basedband receiver and analyze its performance. First, we establish an aeronautical model, which can effectively model the air-ground channel. Based on the channel characteristics, we design several key receiver modules including the matched filter, the timing recovery circuit, the frequency offset estimator, and the decision feedback equalizer. We then build a receiver architecture and use MATLAB to evaluate its performance. The simulation results show that the designed receiver can meet the VDL requirement even in a harsh channel condition. Finally, we focus on the implementation of the frequency estimator. Using VHDL, we design a low complexity frequency estimator. The result of this thesis can be further enhanced to build a complete VDL mode2 transceiver and be used to establish the key technology for the next-generation air-ground communications.

第一章 序論 1
1.1簡介 1
1.2文獻回顧 1
1.3所提出的方法 2
1.4章節簡述 3
第二章VDL Mode 2 5
2.1 VDL 5
2.2 VDL Mode 2 規範 6
2.2.1位元率 6
2.2.2載波頻率 6
2.2.3調變技術 6
2.2.4脈波整形濾波器(Pulse Shaping Filters) 7
2.2.5資料格式(Message Format) 7
2.2.6 Forward Error Correction (FEC) 9
2.2.7 Bit scrambling 10
第三章 通道模型 11
3.1航空通道模型 [7] 11
3.2航空通道參數(Aeronautical Channel Parameters) [7] 12
A. Parking & Taxi Scenario (Air-Ground) 12
B. En-route Scenario (Air-Ground and Air-Air)) 13
3.3通道模擬 15
3.3.1 Parking Scenario模型建立 16
3.3.2 Taxi Scenario模型建立 16
3.3.2 En-route Scenario模型建立 16
3.3.3模擬方法 16
3.3.4通道模擬結果 16
第四章 接收機的設計 16
4.1匹配濾波器 16
4.2頻率偏移的估計 16
4.2.1 Mengali and Morelli Estimation 16
4.2.2頻率偏移的估計 16
4.3符元時脈還原 16
4.4等化器 16
第五章 模擬 16
5.1脈波整形濾波器 16
5.2模擬匹配濾波器 16
5.3模擬頻率估測計 16
5.4模擬決策回饋器 16
5.5模擬時序回覆器 16
5.6接收機系統整合模擬 16
第六章 硬體實現 16
6.1硬體架構的模擬流程 16
6.2 CORDIC 演算法 16
6.3頻率估測計硬體設計 16
6.3.1相關函數計算的設計 16
6.3.2 CORDIC的設計 16
6.3.3頻率估測計的設計 16
6.4頻率估測定點模擬 16
6.5頻率估測計實現成果 16
第七章 結論 16
參考文獻 16

[1] D.C. Hart, “A Global Vision: The Transition to CNS/ATM ”, Avionics, Oct. 1994.
[2] VDL Standards and Recommended Practices, Sept. 1999.
[3] 黃偉奇,”陸空數據通訊用之D8PSK軟體無線收發機設計,” 國立海洋大學電機工程學系,民國八十八年六月。
[4] 蕭百宜,” GMSK軟體無線收發機系統設計與分析,” 國立海洋大學電機工程學系,民國八十八年六月。
[5] U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration Specification, “Functional Specification for Programmable VHD Multi-Mode Communication Equipment Operation on The Frequencies 112.000-136.975 MHz,” October 13, 1997.
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