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研究生:林宜君
研究生(外文):Yi-Chun Lin
論文名稱:台灣消防人力系統中消防分隊長之代謝現象
論文名稱(外文):The Metabolism of Fire Captains Fire Department in the Taiwan
指導教授:謝長宏謝長宏引用關係楊千楊千引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-Chun LinChyan Yang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:經營管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:148
中文關鍵詞:消防組織系統新陳代謝任用政策分析人力流動更替救災效能
外文關鍵詞:Fire DepartmentMetabolismEmployment Policy AnalyssisManpower TurnoverFire Capability
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:54
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:5
消防組織自從民國八十四年起脫離警察組織後,各縣市消防局陸續獨立成為一個專責機構後,消防機關人員數量逐漸增加,人口組成之素質屬性亦愈來愈複雜分歧。雖然許多新制度的施行未臻成熟,值此起步階段,管理者如何妥善規劃及有效運用消防人力,對消防機關的主政者來說是一大挑戰。消防任務執行績效常為問政的指標之一,而分隊長為執行消防任務的第一線滅火救災現場指揮官,其火場狀況判斷力與專業救災執行力更直接影響消防人力效能,本研究針對消防人力系統現存問題核心,藉由問卷訪談方式來瞭解當前分隊長人力效能等級,分析分隊長人力組成結構的演變狀況,來推估當前分隊長的代謝現象及找出干擾因素所在,進而推論消防人力系統之演變趨勢。
研究結果發現消防人力系統未來可能產生「進多退少」之代謝不良結果,將造成中層級消防官難以接替之隱憂,使得消防官人力衰微。因應組織變革消防工作量倍增,管理者在作分隊長人力資源管理時,應建立完整的教育體制,使消防人力來源多元化且供給不虞匱乏,並應提升人力素質,以增加人力效能,有必要重新考量我國消防組織各階層最大服務年限與晉升(任)條件,建議適時修訂我國消防人員退休輔導與人事升遷制度,俾助於未來我國消防機關作人力規劃策略時,能避免基層人力不足、中層級消防官斷層及高層級指揮官擁塞的後遺症,以暢通人事升遷管道,提升消防組織活力。
Since the fire department was separated from the police organization in 1995, all county (city) fire bureaus have consecutively turned to the specific authorities of fire responsibility. The number of firemen has been increasing with the attribution of population composition becoming more complicated and diversified. Under the circumstance that many new systems have not yet been maturely performed so far, the problems of how the administrators to well plan and effectively use fire manpower becomes a great challenge to the governor of the fire authority. This research is to detect the fundamental mechanism that affects the flow of fire manpower through studying the metabolic speed of fire organizations and analyzing the quality and quantity of the fire manpower structure. This research also employs the changes of the seniority and age, two attributions of the indexes of fire captains’ manpower used in domestic and foreign countries, to assess the metabolic speed of fire department so as to estimate the optimum value of metabolic speed and the interference factors. Apart from analyzing and evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of different manpower employment strategies of the existing fire department. From the simulation, it is found that the poor metabolized employment policy due to “too many ins and too few outs” is liable to constitute a fault of middle-ranking officers causing the decay of such level officers.
This research suggests that it is essential to re-design the policy by taking the fireman’s career into consideration enabling the officers who intend to seek development in the fire organization to deem it a life job. The re-design will be helpful for fire authority to plan human resource in future to avoid the after effects such as insufficient fundamental manpower, emptiness of middle-ranking officers and jam of high-ranking officers. This will also be helpful to maintain the strength of fire officers and smooth the promotion channel whereby heightening the vitality of fire department.
目錄
摘要IV
誌謝VII
目錄VIII
表目錄X
圖目錄X
第一章、緒 論1
1.1 研究動機1
1.2 研究目的4
1.3 研究範圍4
1.4研究方法7
1.5 論文結構11
第二章、消防人力系統的特性與問題12
2.1 消防組織人力系統特性的分析12
2.1.1 消防組織的技術環境對人力系統特性的影響12
2.1.2 消防組織的制度環境對人力系統特性的影響13
2.2 法定消防任務下人力系統應執行的功能15
2.2.1 消防任務範圍與內容15
2.2.2消防組織制度與實際運作狀況18
2.2.3消防勤務制度及其功能19
2.2.4消防人事制度及其功能19
2.3目前消防人力系統所面臨問題的分析22
2.3.1改制後中央單位與地方執行機關間的人事權爭議問題23
2.3.2 消防人力任用數量的問題23
2.3.4 消防人力素質與效能的問題27
2.3.5 消防人力配置與保薦陞遷的問題29
2.3.6 消防人才來源多元化的問題34
2.4 小結36
第三章、探究消防分隊長代謝現象的意義38
3.1 新陳代謝的意義38
3.2從代謝觀點剖析消防人力系統相關問題的意義45
3.3代謝過程在消防分隊長人力素質演變上的意義48
3.3.1消防分隊長的代謝過程48
3.3.2火災現場人力效能的關鍵50
3.3.3 消防分隊長的火場判斷能力與消防專業執行能力53
第四章、消防分隊長代謝現象58
4.1調查分析方法58
4.2研究結果分析61
4.2.1訪談分隊長的樣本特性分析61
4.2.2 調查結果分析與探討:63
4.3 消防分隊長的代謝現象72
4.4消防分隊長的人力效能等級80
第五章、從各面向分析消防人力系統的組成、代謝及演變86
5.1消防人力系統官等職位的組成型態89
5.2 消防人力系統性別組成的分佈91
5.3 消防人力系統學歷背景與教育訓練的型態92
5.4 消防人力系統服務年資組成結構的型態94
5.5 消防人力系統年齡組成結構的型態96
5.6 消防組織人力系統組成結構的演變趨勢107
5.8消防人力系統的代謝行為112
第六章、結論與建議119
6.1 總結119
6.2 結論121
6.3 後續研究建議128
參考文獻129
附錄一139
消防人力系統相關問題研究取向之綜整139
1.國外文獻之研究取向139
2.國內文獻之研究取向141
附錄二143
訪談問卷143
簡歷
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