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研究生:許文秀
研究生(外文):Wen-Shiow Hsu
論文名稱:以產學夥伴關係建立台灣產業創新模式之研究
論文名稱(外文):Building Innovation Models of Taiwan’s Industries with University-Industry Partnerships
指導教授:張保隆張保隆引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pao-Long Chang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:經營管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:146
中文關鍵詞:產業創新產學夥伴關係創新過程革新式
外文關鍵詞:industrial innovationuniversity-industry partnershipsinnovative processradical
相關次數:
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以產學夥伴關係建立台灣產業創新模式之研究
研究生:許文秀 指導教授:張保隆 教授
國立交通大學經營管理研究所博士班
摘 要
本研究旨在探討建立台灣產業創新模式,研究重點著重在運用產學夥伴關係進行產業創新。本研究首先針對產業創新、產學夥伴關係等相關文獻,進行彙整與分析,凝聚文獻上的重要概念;並以此重要概念作為分析台灣產業創新及政府─學術─產業三者互動情形的基礎。經由文獻探討,本研究萃取出建立產學夥伴關係及合作研究過程之關鍵要素;依據該關鍵要素,本研究進一步構建以產學夥伴關係為基礎之台灣產業創新模式的概念架構,俾利進行個案研究。
個案研究,是以國科會產學合作研究計畫案例為分析對象,其目的是在驗證本研究所構建之產業創新模式是否可行。由個案研究結果顯示:產學夥伴關係的產業創新模式,是屬於「產品創新和製程技術創新」同步進行的創新過程,除可適當彌補中小企業創新能力及研發資源的不足外,並可同時解決政府支持科技專案和產業研發的效益問題,如:(1)改善技術移轉方式無法因應研發時程緊縮和成果擴散;(2)將革新式創新注入於產業研發過程中,尤其是產品開發及設計亟需的科技新知識和新概念、發明;(3)培養產業研發所需人才等。因此,個案研究結果驗證本研究所構建該概念架構確屬可行;並可作為政府在產業研發創新之規劃、推動及執行之重要參考。
關鍵詞:產業創新、產學夥伴關係、創新過程、革新式。
Building Innovation Models of Taiwan’s Industries with University-Industry Partnerships
Student: Wen-Shiow Hsu Advisor: Dr. Pao-Long Chang
National Chiao Tung University
Institute of Business and Management
Abstract
The main purpose of this study was to examine and identify the proper innovation models of Taiwan’s industries with an emphasis in utilizing the university-industry partnership as a basis for the creation of industrial innovations. Starting from collecting, integrating, and analyzing all information related to industrial innovations and university-industry partnerships, a core concept was developed. This core concept was then used as a tool to examine the ins and outs on the status of innovation in Taiwan and to analyze the interactions among government, academia, and industries. After assimilating all related information, this research extracted the key factors relating to the establishment of the university-industry partnership and its collaboration process. Based on these key factors, the frame structure related to the industrial innovation models that were developed with the university-industry collaboration partnership basis was further pursued in order to facilitate case studies.
The case studies of this research paper, which include the university-industry collaborative projects funded by Taiwan’s National Science Council, were used to verify the validity of the industrial innovative processing configurations proposed. These case studies indicate that the innovative process within university-industry partnerships can foster concurrent development of products and process innovations such that they can be used to compensate for the lack of R&D resources and innovative capabilities within enterprises. The partnership relationship can also be used to solve the many problems that hinder the government funding process for industries and their R&D efforts, such as (1) improving the technology transfer methodology in order to eliminate the drawbacks of not being able to simultaneously achieve a R&D process time reduction and to reap enterprise R&D benefits, (2) introducing radical innovation into the industrial R&D processes including new technological information, new concepts, and new innovations that are desperately needed for product development, and (3) incubating R&D personnel within industries. The results obtained from these case studies verify the effectiveness and validity of the conceptual core structure proposed in this research. It is expected that the successful establishment of these modes can provide the government with a roadmap to plan, promote, support, and fund more successful industrial R&D innovations in Taiwan.
Key Words: industrial innovation, university-industry partnerships, innovative process, radical.
目 錄 頁次
中文摘要………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
英文摘要………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
誌謝……………………………………………………………………Ⅳ
目錄……………………………………………………………………Ⅵ
表目錄…………………………………………………………………Ⅸ
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………Ⅹ
一、 緒論………………………………………………………1
1.1 研究背景…………………………………………………1
1.2 問題陳述…………………………………………………3
1.3 研究目的…………………………………………………4
1.4 研究方法…………………………………………………5
1.5 論文結構…………………………………………………6
二、 文獻探討…………………………………………………8
2.1 產業創新相關文獻和理論………………………………8
2.1.1 技術S曲線 ………………………………………………9
2.1.2 產品創新與製程技術創新的關係………………………10
2.1.3 產業創新的演化…………………………………………15
2.2 產學夥伴關係相關文獻和理論…………………………18
2.2.1 產學夥伴關係的發展……………………………………19
2.2.2 產學夥伴關係適合於技術創新和創新過程的類型……22
2.2.2.1 適合技術創新的類型……………………………………22
2.2.2.2 適合創新過程的類型……………………………………24
2.3 本章小結…………………………………………………28
三、 台灣產業創新分析和重要基礎概念彙整………………3 3.1 台灣產業創新分析………………………………………30
3.2 分析與彙整產業創新之重要基礎理念…………………38
3.2.1 台灣產業創新缺失…………………………………………38
3.2.2 建立產業創新重要理念……………………………………40
3.3 本章小結……………………………………………………55
四、 以產學夥伴關係建立台灣產業創新模式之概念架構……58
4.1 政府─學術─產業三者間互動情形………………………58
4.2 建立產學夥伴關係與合作研發創新過程之關鍵要素……61
4.2.1 建立產學夥伴關係的關鍵要素……………………………61
4.2.2 合作研發創新究過程的關鍵要素…………………………68
4.3 構建以產學夥伴關係建立台灣產業創新模式之
概念架構……………………………………………………69
五、 個案研究……………………………………………………70
5.1 背景說明……………………………………………………70
5.2 學界科專分析………………………………………………71
5.3 產學合作研究計畫案例分析………………………………74
5.3.1 類型一: 成功案例…………………………………………74
5.3.2 類型二: 計畫未全程執行結束的失敗案例………………89
5.4 個案彙總……………………………………………………91
六、 提出以產學夥伴關建立台灣產業創新模式………………95
6.1 產學夥伴關係主要內涵……………………………………95
6.2 彙整產學夥伴關係建立產業創新模式……………………96
6.3 結果與討論…………………………………………………105
七. 結論與建議…………………………………………………111
7.1 研究貢獻……………………………………………………111
7.2 研究結論……………………………………………………113
7.3 後續研究建議………………………………………………116
參考文獻………………………………………………………………119
附 錄………………………………………………………………… 126
附錄一 產品生命週期國際貿易理論………………………… 126
附錄二 WTO對於R&D補助和產業創新的定義………………… 131
附錄三 政府支助產業研發創新情形………………………… 133
附錄四 科技專案暨衍生相關附屬科專情形及執行成效…… 134
附錄五 具良好管理制度的企業在創新上可能失敗之情形… 136
附錄六 產學合作研究計畫之研究成果和對產業貢獻
(問卷調查結果)…………………………………… 137
簡 歷 …………………………………………………………… 141
表 目 錄 頁次
表1 產品創新和製程創新過程的相互關係……………………14
表2 產學研究夥伴關係類型……………………………………21
表3 政府研發補助/輔助制度比較表…………………………36
表4 產品在國內市場佔有率分布情形 (個案研究案例一)… 78
表5 本案廠商83-86 年度外銷日本情形(個案研究案例一)…79
表6 本案廠商 86 年度外銷情形(個案研究案例一)…………79
表7 產學合作成功四案例………………………………………92
表8 產學合作失敗二案例………………………………………92
圖 目 錄 頁次
圖1 論文研究架構………………………………………………7
圖2 技術S曲線 …………………………………………………9
圖3 產品和製程創新隨時間變化情形…………………………11
圖4 大學、產業界、政府在傳統上的連結關係………………20
圖5 線性革新式的創新過程……………………………………25
圖6 循環逐步改善式的創新過程………………………………26
圖7 結合逐步改善式創新與革新性式創新的創新過程………28
圖8 我國研究發展措施計畫……………………………………31
圖9 台灣積體電路產業集中在中游製造領域…………………32
圖10 知識獲得與傳遞的時效性影響到產業創新發展…………45
圖11 創新可能性指數與廠商規模大小…………………………46
圖12 Foster S曲線………………………………………………48
圖13 超級電腦的S曲線─技術不連續 …………………………49
圖14 產品生命週期………………………………………………49
圖15 世代技術發展與市場需求隨時間演化情形………………52
圖16 學校─政府─中小企業三者互動關係……………………60
圖17 產品創新和製程創新、市場需求、技術及生
產現況三者互動的創新模式………………………………63
圖18 鏈連結的互動創新模式……………………………………66
圖19 創新發展過程之各階段是屬互動關係非順序關係………66
圖20 以產學夥伴關係建立產業創新模式之概念架構…………69
圖21 線性模式區隔科技專案……………………………………73
圖22 政府、產業、學術三者形成夥伴關係……………………94
圖23 產學結合逐步改善式創新與革新式創新的創新模式……97
圖24 水平分工合作的產學研發夥伴關係………………………101
圖25 垂直分工合作的產學研發夥伴關係………………………102
圖26 政府、學術界、產業界三者參與產業研發創新
之互動情形…………………………………………………108
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