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研究生:臧忠元
研究生(外文):Zhong-Yuan Zang
論文名稱:應用平行化之DSMC法模擬LPCVD腔體之熱流場
論文名稱(外文):The Simulation of Thermal Flow Field in LPCVD Chamber Using Parallel DSMC Method
指導教授:陳俊勳陳俊勳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiun-Hsun Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:機械工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:直接模擬蒙地卡羅法分散式記憶體模式區域切割法靜態負載平衡
外文關鍵詞:Direct simulation Monte Carlo MethodDistributed memory modelDomain partition methodStatic load balance
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本研究利用鏈狀分割法(chain partitioner)將直接模擬蒙地卡羅法(Direct Simulation Monte Carlo method, DSMC)予以平行化,然後在一個有九顆處理器的電腦叢集系統(PC cluster)上執行並與之前蕭啟宏[5]論文中使用單一處理器的例子作比較,以凸顯平行化的優點。在平行化的過程中,在做區域切割時必須考慮到以每顆處理器負責相同的粒子數為分割標準,而非相同的區域大小。此外,在分散式記憶體的系統上作平行計算時,計算速度(speedup)並不能與所使用的處理器數目成線性正比,因此當參與計算的處理器數目增加時,儘管速度變快也不能持續地保持好的運算效率(Efficiency)。最後,模擬粒子數及計算腔體的尺寸和計算時步(time step)分別被提出討論是否對平行程式執行時的性能表現有所影響,結果發現在越多的模擬粒子數及越大的計算腔體的案例中,平行程式能得到較好的性能,而由於本研究中粒子數並不會隨時間劇烈改變,所以計算時步並不影響性能。

In this thesis, the parallelization is applied to DSMC method by utilizing chain partitioner. The computation is carried out on a PC cluster system consisting of nine processors. The preliminary results are compared with the Hsiao’s single-processor results [5], to demonstrate the advantage of parallelization. The computational domain is decomposed according to the same number of simulated particles in each processor. When a parallel program is executed on a distributed memory system, the speedup may not be proportional linearly to the number of processor. The computing load in each processor becomes lighter by increasing the processor number, whereas the communication load becomes heavier at the same time. Therefore the efficiency becomes worse with an increment of processor number. The parametric studies are based on the variations of particle number, computing domain size and time step, respectively. The better speedup and efficiency can be achieved when the particle number and computational domain increase. The performance does not depend on time step in present case because the variation of particle number is not severe.

Contents
ABSTRACT(CHINESE) I
ABSTRACT(ENGLISH) II
ACKNOWLEDGMENT III
CONTENTS V
LIST OF TABLES VI
LIST OF FIGURES VII
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 MOTIVIATION 1
1.2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2
1.3 PROBLEM DESCRIPTION 5
CHAPTER 2 SIMULATION METHOD AND COMPUTING SYSTEM 7
2.1 INTRODUCE TO DSMC METHOD 7
2.2 HARDWARE FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTATIONS 8
2.2.1 The shared memory model 9
2.2.2 The distributed memory model 10
2.3 PARALLEL PROGRAM LANGUAGES 11
2.4 DOMAIN PARTITION METHODS 12
2.5 LOAD BALANCE PROCESS 14
2.5.1 Static load balance 14
2.5.2 Dynamic load balance 15
2.6 PARALLEL DSMC METHOD 15
2.7 SUMMARY OF PARALLEL DSMC PROCEDURE FOR PRESENT WORK 16
2.8 PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF PARALLEL IMPLEMENT 19
CHAPTER 3 PRESENT RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 21
3.1 COMPARISON WITH HSIAO'S THESIS[5] 22
3.1.1 The comparison with Hsiao’s results 22
3.1.2 The efficiency comparison with Hsiao's parallel code 22
3.2 PARTITION METHOD 23
3.3 THE EFFECTS OF PROCESSOR NUMBER 26
3.4 EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT PARTICLE NUMBERS 27
3.5 INFLUENCES OF DIFFERENT COMPUTING DOMAIN SIZE 28
3.6 EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT PARTICLE NUMBERS 29
CHAPTER 4 CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTED FUTURE WORK 31
4.1 CONCLUSIONS 31
4.2 SUGGESTED FUTURE WORKS 32
REFERENCE 33
FIGURES…… 36

Reference
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