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研究生:黃正雄
研究生(外文):Cheng-Shiung Haung
論文名稱:高壓燈電力驅動器之改進設計
論文名稱(外文):An Enhanced Design of the Power Driver for High Voltage Lamp
指導教授:廖德誠
指導教授(外文):Der-Cherng Liaw
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:電機與控制工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:高壓燈電力驅動器控制器
外文關鍵詞:HID LampBuck Converter
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:9
  • 點閱點閱:308
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:93
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本文旨在設計及製作一具改善,並加強高壓氣體燈之熱機時間、燈具改變之亮度需求。藉由控制理論探討,微亮時間(dimming time)至穩態時間之變化情形:也就是熱機時間,進而改善並獲得較高品質的輸出電壓波形,在文中同時利用平均電流模式回授控制架構,達成微亮時間內亮度穩定之控制需求;再則透過與燈具原有之核心控制架構切換,達成熱機時間之需求。基於上列之性能需求,文中除了透過數學模型對相對應之需求作電流及外迴路電壓補償電路外,並以電路模擬軟體驗證所提出之補償法,而燈具改變之亮度需求則由設計之外迴路補償得以滿足。現階段以一具150W高壓投影燈原型,來開發及製作評估所提出的控制策略性能並驗證其操作。
This thesis, presents the design and improvement of an HID lamp ballast for a fast turn on characteristics and stable operation. It produces a high open circuit voltage for the ignition and it is controlled to supply effectively the power required to shorten the warm-up period after the breakdown. In this thesis using average current-mode control strategy for the control of dimming time light demand, than through prototype ballast to switching a framework circuit, and shorten the warm-up time. In addition, a mathematical model of scheme is developed, and used to design a current compensator, and outer loop voltage compensator. To verify the operation and evaluate the performance of the proposed control strategy, a 150w laboratory prototype projector HID lamp were developed and built.
目錄
中文摘要-------------------------------------------------------i
英文摘要------------------------------------------------------ii
誌謝---------------------------------------------------------iii
目錄----------------------------------------------------------iv
表目錄--------------------------------------------------------vi
圖目錄-------------------------------------------------------vii
第一章 緒論---------------------------------------------------1
1.1 研究動機與目的--------------------------------------------1
1.2 研究背景與文獻回顧----------------------------------------3
1.2.1 高壓氣體燈發光特性與發展現況-----------------------3
1.2.2 相關文獻回顧---------------------------------------5
1.3 研究方法與系統描述----------------------------------------6
1.4 論文架構--------------------------------------------------6
第二章 氣體燈特性與安定器電路架構簡介-------------------------8
2.1 前言------------------------------------------------------8
2.2 高壓氣體燈熱機時間之介紹與基本特性------------------------8
2.3 降壓型電壓轉換器原理與模型-------------------------------12
2.4 功率因數修正與諧振換流器相移控制分析---------------------15
2.4.1 功率因數修正分析-----------------------------------15
2.4.2 諧振換流器相移控制分析-----------------------------17
2.5 功率開關裝置特性與模型建立-------------------------------23
第三章 控制器之設計與分析-------------------------------------28
3.1 前言-----------------------------------------------------28
3.2 系統描述-------------------------------------------------28
3.2.1 脈波寬度調變器之小信號模型-------------------------31
3.2.2 系統小信號模型-------------------------------------33
3.3 電流迴路補償器之設計-------------------------------------37
3.4 電壓迴路補償器之設計-------------------------------------41
3.5 高壓氣體燈具亮度調整分析---------------------------------45
3.6 系統模擬-------------------------------------------------46
第四章 實際製作與實驗結果------------------------------------51
4.1 前言-----------------------------------------------------51
4.2 硬體控制與訊號讀取---------------------------------------52
4.2.1 利用TL494做平均電流迴授與電壓迴授控制-------------52
4.2.2 CT型Sensor 輸出訊號之讀取-------------------------54
4.2.3 閘級信號的隔離------------------------------------55
4.2.4 開關訊號切換--------------------------------------56
4.3 實際電路之參數量測---------------------------------------57
4.3.1 換流器之定頻時序脈波量測---------------------------57
4.4 高壓氣體燈具實驗結果之分析-------------------------------59
4.4.1 實驗結果-------------------------------------------59
第五章 結論---------------------------------------------------62
5.1 結論-----------------------------------------------------62
參考文獻------------------------------------------------------63
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