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研究生:王浩偉
研究生(外文):Hau-Wei Wang
論文名稱:鉀原子氣體拉曼散射過程之研究和AgGaSe2晶體在紅外上轉換之應用
論文名稱(外文):The Studies on the Raman Scattering Processes in Potassium Vapor and the Applications of AgGaSe2 Crystal in Infrared Up-conversion
指導教授:陸懋宏
指導教授(外文):Mao-Hong Lu
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:光電工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:拉曼散射鉀蒸氣四波混合放大自發輻射雙晶體上轉換器銀鎵硒晶體偏硼酸鋇晶體薛米爾方程折射率相匹配和頻
外文關鍵詞:stimulated Raman scatteringpotassium vaporfour-wave mixingamplified spontaneous emissiontwo-stage up-convertorAgGaSe2 crystalbeta-BBO crystalSellmeier equationRefractive indexphase-matchingsum-frequency
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本論文對原子氣體和光學晶體的一些非線性光學現象進行研究。
首先,我們在雷射調至鉀蒸氣接近4S-5P共振時,觀察4S-(5P)-5S和4S-(5P)-3D通道受激電子拉曼散射的競爭,此實驗結果顯示受激拉曼散射只發生在4S-(5P)-5S通道。在此拉曼散射下,放大自發輻射(5S-4P)的抑制被觀察到,四波混合過程對此受激拉曼散射的影響將被討論。在4S-(5P)-3D通道中,沒有觀察到對應受激拉曼散射(4S-(5P)-3D)的後向輻射,所以前向(5P)-3D輻射應為四波混合,而不是受激拉曼散射。其中放大自發輻射(3D-4P)來自放大自發輻射(5P-3D),此放大自發輻射(5P-3D)可在後向觀察到。
其次,我們建立了由AgGaSe2和beta-BBO晶體組合成的雙晶體紅外上轉換器,能將11-16microns紅外輻射上轉換進入0.8microns範圍,此範圍可由靈敏的光電倍增管來測量。此上轉換器由beta-BBO光參量振盪器產生的1.7-1.8microns波段近紅外輻射所泵浦。
最後,我們測量了AgGaSe2在11-16microns中紅外範圍的尋常光和非尋常光折射率,得出0.85-16microns範圍的改良Sellmeier公式。在實驗中,11-16microns波段的中紅外輻射與近紅外1.7-1.8microns波段輻射在AgGaSe2晶體中混合。利用相匹配角的量測,尋常光和非尋常光折射率被計算出來,此近紅外輻射是由beta-BBO光參量振盪器所產生。

In this thesis some nonlinear optical phenomena in atomic vapor and optical crystal are discussed.
Firstly, the competition of stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) between 4S-(5P)-5S and 4S-(5P)-3D channels has been observed as laser is tuned near 4S-5P resonance in potassium vapor. The experimental results show that the SRS only occur in the 4S-(5P)-5S channel. In this Raman scattering, the suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) (5S-4P) has been observed. The influence of the four-wave mixing (FWM) processes on the SRS is discussed. In the 4S-(5P)-3D channel, in the backward direction no detectable emission corresponding to the SRS (4S-(5P)-3D) has been observed, so the forward (5P)-3D emission should be the FWM, not the SRS. The ASE (3D-4P) arises from the ASE (5P-3D), which can be observed in the backward direction.
Secondly, a two-stage infrared up-convertor made of the AgGaSe2 and beta-BBO crystals has been built up, that can up-convert the middle infrared radiation of 11 - 16 microns range into the 0.8 microns range where the sensitive photomultiplier can be used. This up-convertor is pumped with a near infrared radiation of 1.7 - 1.8 microns wavelength range generated by a beta-BBO optical parametric oscillator.
Finally, the refractive indices of AgGaSe2 for ordinary and extraordinary rays in the 11-16 microns mid-infrared range were measured and the improved Sellmeier equations from 0.85 microns to the 16 microns wavelength range were proposed. In this experiment, the mid-infrared radiations of the 11-16 microns wavelength range were mixed with a near-infrared radiation of the 1.7-1.8 microns wavelength range in AgGaSe2 crystal. With the measurement of phase-matching angles the refractive indices for ordinary and extraordinary rays were calculated. The near-infrared radiation was produced by a beta-BBO optical parametric oscillator.

中文摘要
英文摘要
誌謝
目錄
表目錄
圖目錄
第一章 緒論
第二章 實驗裝置
2.1非線性晶體
2.2光源
2.3測量儀器
第三章 接近鉀4S-5P共振時受激拉曼散射的競爭與抑制觀察
3.1前言
3.2實驗
3.3結果和討論
3.4結論
第四章 AgGaSe2/beta-BBO雙晶體上轉換器
4.1 前言
4.2 實驗
4.3 結果和討論
4.4 結論
第五章 AgGaSe2晶體在11-16microns範圍的折射率量測
5.1 前言
5.2 實驗
5.3 結果和討論
5.4 結論
第六章 總結
參考文獻
著作目錄

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