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研究生:梁家玉
研究生(外文):Chiayu Liang
論文名稱:自我效能對網路合作學習之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Impacts of self-efficacy on web-based cooperative learning
指導教授:孫春在孫春在引用關係林珊如林珊如引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chuen-Tsai SunSunny Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:電資學院學程碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:自我效能匿名同儕互動網路合作學習社會懈怠學習動機群組組合社會學習理論
外文關鍵詞:self-efficacyanonymitythe use of pseudonumsinteraction within classmateweb-based cooperative learningsocial-loafinglearning motivationgroupsocial cognitive theory
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本研究建構了一個「匿名」的網路合作設計環境,企圖探討「自我效能」因素,對合作學習過程中,個人知覺與實際行為的影響,並且希望找出較佳的合作分組方式,改進教室內呆板的學習方式,及同儕間「面對面」合作學習的若干缺失。
教學實驗從高職「資料處理科」五個班級中,選取135位有效樣本,按照「程式設計」學科「自我效能問卷」得分的高低,以三種不同的群組方式,進行「電腦遊戲軟體」的共同創作。研究針對「集體效能」、「合作滿意度」、「作品成績」及「互動模式」等變項,進行資料的收集,並以量化統計及質性分析,兩者交互參照的方法,整合結論。
研究結果有以下重要發現: (1) 「自我效能」間接影響合作「知覺」 (2) 「自我效能」直接影響小組「互動模式」 (3) 「自我效能」與能力表現相關 (4) 匿名合作減少「社會懈怠」(5) 效能混合的「高中低」分組較佳。
This thesis studies the impacts of self-efficacy on web-based cooperative learning by conducting an instructional experiment in an anonymous, online, web-based, cooperative design environment.
The subjects, 135 vocational high school students majored in Data Processing, were organized into small groups, in three different ways, based on their scores on a self-efficacy questionnaire. Without knowing partners’ real identities, they were then assigned a collaborative computer game design course project.
The impacts of self-efficacy on students’ perception and actual behavior in a cooperative learning process was studied to reveal better grouping strategies, to improve conventional classroom style learning and to remedy the drawbacks of ‘face-to-face’ collaboration among peers.
The experiment focused on factors such as collective self-efficacy, satisfaction about cooperation, project scores, and social interaction. The collected data was quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed, to achieve several concluding remarks.
This study suggests: (1) self-efficacy indirectly influences on cooperative perception, (2) self-efficacy directly impacts the social interaction of a group, (3) self-efficacy is related to individual performance, (4) anonymous collaboration reduces social loafing, and (5) the grouping strategy based on students with mixed self-efficacy levels is better.
目錄
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………………………i
英文摘要………………………………………………………………………………...ii
誌謝……………………………………………………………………………………..iii
目錄……………………………………………………………………………………..iv
表目錄…………………………………………………………………………………..vi
圖目錄………………………………………………………………………………….vii
一、 緒論…………………………… ……………………………… ……………..1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 4
1.3 研究的重要性 5
1.4 論文架構 7
二、 文獻探討…………………………… ………………………… …………….9
2.1 自我效能 9
2.1.1 自我效能的定義 9
2.1.2 影響自我效能的因素 10
2.1.3 自我效能對個人學習的影響 11
2.1.4 自我效能對合作學習的影響 12
2.2 集體效能 14
2.2.1 集體效能的定義 14
2.2.2 影響集體效能的因素 14
2.2.3 集體效能對合作的影響 16
2.3 合作互動歷程 17
2.3 1 同儕互動之本質 18
2.3.2 團體工作之社會懈怠 19
2.3.3 合作互動分析方法 21
三、 研究架構與方法………………… ……………………………………………24
3.1 研究架構 24
3.2 變數定義與操作化 25
3.3 研究問題 27
3.4 研究流程與方法 30
3.5 實驗設計 33
3.5.1 設計理念概述 33
3.5.2 實驗對象 36
3.5.3 問卷施測過程 36
3.5.4 合作分組 36
3.5.5 實驗平台 38
3.5.6 網路匿名合作設計 39
3.5.7 資料收集和分析步驟 41
四、 實驗結果分析……………… ………………………………………………45
4.1 量化分析 45
4.2 量化分析歸納 56
4.3 質性分析 58
五、 結論與未來展望……… ……………………………………………………77
參考文獻……………… …………………………………………………….82
附錄一………………… ……………………………………………………….85
附錄二………………… …………………………………………………….86
附錄三……………………… ……………………………………………….87
附錄四…………………… …………………………………………………….88
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