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研究生:郭美玉
研究生(外文):Kuo Mei-yui
論文名稱:TheDuchessofMalfi和TheRevenger'sTragedy女性身體意涵
論文名稱(外文):The Female Body and the Male Order of Things in The Duchess of Malfi and The Revengre's Tragedy
指導教授:林錥鋕林錥鋕引用關係
指導教授(外文):Professor Spencer Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:女性身體子宮死亡解剖
外文關鍵詞:the female bodywombthe lying-in chamberchildbearingdeathanatomy
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Abstract
This thesis mainly considers the female body in early modern society. The female body has been the object of study in drama on the one hand and the object of surveillance both in the family and in the theater of anatomy on the other hand. It has been regarded as the object of fear, which is always the disruptive power to the family and society. While it is regarded as what Bakhtin calls the grotesque body, which always transgresses its prescribed limits, the continuance of the family and the principle of primogeniture hinge on the female version of what Bakhtin calls the classic body. The duplicity of the female body initiates my reading of the female body in The Duchess of Malfi and in The Revenger’s Tragedy.
Chapter one reviews three historicized accounts of the body, as it was understood in early modern society: M. M. Bakhtin’s classic and grotesque bodies, G. M. Paster’s humoral body and Thomas Laqueur’s one-sex / one flesh model. In addition, I discuss the performance of the female body in the theater of early modern anatomy with a view to understanding how the female body becomes the object of knowledge and how the pursuit of that knowledge is related to the place of the female body in the familial and social structures.
Chapter two argues that the lying-in chamber serves as the site of inversion of the patriarchal prerogatives. I read the childbearing scene as the scene in which the classic body is transformed into the grotesque body. Chapter three discusses the dead female body in relation to the family integrity. I argue how the female body, though dead, serves to authorize male epistemology and how that epistemology functions to protect the family integrity.
The thesis concludes with a discussion of the relation between the theatrics of the public anatomical demonstration and the dramatics of tragedy. While the fragmented female body on stage challenges its audience to know who it is, it continues to confuse them. While the man who displays it attempts to transform it into “the corpus of mental categories,” it acts its own part, telling what is so special about both his body and hers in the two plays.
Key Words: the female body, womb, the lying-in chamber, childbearing, death, anatomy

Contents
Abstract
Acknowledgement
Chapter One Introduction 1
Chapter Two “So Troubled with Mother”: the Maternal 12
Body and the Integrity of the Familial Order
Chapter Three “Die then, Quickly”: Female Body and Male 35
Epistemology
Chapter Four Conclusion 54
Works Cited 58

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Bakhtin, M. M. Rabelais and His World. Trans. Helene Iswolsky Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.
Brofen, Elisabeth. Over Her Dead Body: Death, Femininity and Aesthetic. Oxford: Manchester University Press, 1992.
Cixous, Hélène. “The Laugh of the Medusa.” Feminisms: An Anthology of Literary Theory and Criticism. Ed. Robyn R. Warhol and Diane Price Herndi. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1997.
Douglass, Mary. Purity and Danger: an Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. London: Routledge, 1995.
Foucault, Michael. Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Random House Inc., 1995.
Jankowski, A. Theodora. “Defining / Confining the Duchess: Negotiating the Female Body in John Webster’s The Duchess of Malfi.” (Studies in Philology, 87:2, 1990) University of North Carolina Press.
King, Helen. “Once upon a Text: Hysteria from Hippocrates.” Hysteria Beyond Freud. Ed. Sander Gilman, et al. London: University of California Press, 1993.
Laqueur, Thomas. Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1990.
Marie, Axton. “Queen’s two bodies.” The Queen's Two Bodies” Drama and the Elizabethan Succession. London : Royal Historical Society, 1977.
Mauss, Marcel. “Techniques of the Body.” (Economy and Society, 2.) 1977.
Neill, Michael. Issue of Death: Mortality and Identity in English Renaissance Tragedy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Paster, Gail Kern. The Body Embarassed: Drama and the Disciplines of Shame in Early Modern England. New York: Cornell University Press, 1993.
Rubin, Gayle. “The Traffic in Women: Notes on the ‘Political Economy’ of Sex.”
Sawday, Jonathan. “Execution, Anatomy, and Infamy: Inside the Renaissance Anatomy Theater.” The Body Emblazoned: Dissection and the Human Body in Renaissance Culture. New York: Routledge, 1995.
Sidney, Sir Philip. A Defense of Poetry. ed. J. A. Van Dorsten. Oxford: Oxford University P., 1996.
Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. Ed. Harold Jenkins. New York: Methusen & Co. Ltd., 1986.
-----King Lear. Ed. Kenneth Muir. New York: Methuen & Co. Ltd., 1987
-----Othello. Ed. M. R. Ridley. New York: Methuen & Co. Ltd., 1986.
Stallybrass, Peter. “Patriarchal Territories: The Body Enclosed.” Ed. Margaret Ferguson, Maureen Quilligan, and Nancy Vickers. Rewriting the Renaissance: The Discourse of Sexual Difference in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.
-----“Reading the Body: The Revenger’s Tragedy.” The Revenger’s Tragedy and the Jacobean Theater of Consumption, Renaissance Drama 18, Evanston (RenD) (1987)
Stone, Lawrence. The Family, Sex and Marriage in England 1500-1800. New York :Harper & Row, Publishers, 1977.
Tourneur, Cyril. The Revenger’s Tragedy. Ed. R. A, Foakes. Manchester University, 1991.
Tennenhouse, Leonard. “The Theater of Punishment: Jacobean Tragedy and the Politics of Misogyny.” Power on Display: the Politics of Shakespeare’s Genres. New York: Methuen, Inc., 1986.
Traub, Valerie. Feminist Readings of Early Modern Culture: Emergent Subjects. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Webster, John. The Duchess of Malfi. Ed. John Russell Brown. New York: Manchester University Press, 1997.
Wilson, Adrian. “Ceremony of Birth.” The Making of Man-Midwifery: Childbirth in England 1660-1770. London: UCL Press, 1995.
Wilson, Luke. “William Harvey’s Prelectiones: The Performance of the Body in the Renaissance Theater of Anatomy.” Representations 17, 1987.

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