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研究生:黃沛群
研究生(外文):Pei-Chun Huang
論文名稱:地下維生管線地震損害評估以虛擬管線為例
論文名稱(外文):Seismic Damage Assessment for Buried Pipelines
指導教授:蔣偉寧蔣偉寧引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:土木工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:地震損壞評估地下維生管線地震危害度分析
外文關鍵詞:Seismic Hazard AnalysisDamage AssessmentBuried Pipeline
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  • 被引用被引用:4
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新竹科學工業園區的成功,儼然已成為另一項台灣經濟奇蹟,近年來更扮演著台灣經濟成長舉足輕重的角色。園區內各項高科技產業由於其產業性質特殊,若一旦遭受強烈地震侵襲,因地下維生管線損害所造成的損失將較一般普通產業更為嚴重,對於國家經濟也會造成極為慘重之損失。
本研究探討地下維生管線地震損害的評估模式,並以新竹科學工業園區虛擬地下維生管線為例,依資料建立新竹科學園區虛擬地下維生管線地理資訊系統,評估不同屬性地下維生管線地震損壞評估情形,主要預期的成果如下:
1.維生管線地震損壞評估方式,與國內外資料經驗迴歸公式建立。
2.新竹科學園區地震危害度分析,包括園區地震危害度曲線及或然率反應譜建立。
3.園區虛擬維生管線地理資訊系統基本資料庫建立
4.園區虛擬維生管線景況模擬分析。
期望經由本文提供之分析方法,建立一完整之地下維生管線地震損害評估模式,並提供新竹科學園區管理局分析結果作為防減災參考資料。


Abstract
The success of the Hsin-Chu Science Based Industrial Park has become an economic miracles, it has been playing a decisive role in Taiwan economics in the recent years. Because of the nature specific characteristics of High-Tech industry, buried pipelines seismic damage would be much more serious in the Industrial Park than Low-Tech industries if the Industrial Park encountered a big earthquake. Of course, the economics of the whole country would have severe compact too.
This paper proposed a complete procedure for evaluating seismic damage about buried pipelines. A series of virtual buried pipelines in Science Based Industrial Park were established as examples for seismic damage assessment. The data of buried pipelines were collected and built in GIS format for display and analysis. The different properties influencing seismic behavior of buried pipelines were discussed and incorporated into the analysis model. The following are main purposes of this thesis:
1.Establish the procedure for evaluating seismic damage about buried pipelines and use the collected buried pipelines seismic damage data from internal and abroad to build fragility curve of buried pipelines adapted in Taiwan.
2.Execute seismic hazard analysis for Hsin-Chu Science Based Industrial Park and build hazard map.
3.Establish database of buried pipelines for Hsin-Chu Based Science Industrial Park in GIS format.
4.Execute seismic damage assessment for virtual buried pipelines in Science Industrial Park and draw some conclusions for SIPA.


目錄
摘要
第一章緒論
1.1研究動機-----------------------------------------------1
1.2研究目的-----------------------------------------------2
1.3文獻回顧-----------------------------------------------3
1.4研究內容-----------------------------------------------8
第二章地下維生管線破壞因素
2.1地盤震動----------------------------------------------10
2.1.1最大地表加速度PGA -------------------------------11
2.1.2最大地表速度PGV ---------------------------------13
2.2地盤破壞----------------------------------------------16
2.2.1土壤液化------------------------------------------16
2.2.2邊坡滑動------------------------------------------23
2.2.3斷層穿越------------------------------------------30
2.3小結--------------------------------------------------30
第三章地下維生管線地震損害評估
3.1地下維生管線損害影響----------------------------------31
3.2影響維生管線地震損害因素------------------------------32
3.2.1管線材質------------------------------------------32
3.2.2管線直徑------------------------------------------34
3.2.3附土深淺------------------------------------------34
3.2.4接頭形式------------------------------------------35
3.2.5土壤狀況------------------------------------------35
3.2.6管齡與腐蝕----------------------------------------35
3.2.7管線用途------------------------------------------36
3.2.8破壞形式------------------------------------------36
3.3地下維生管線地震損壞評估模式--------------------------37
3.3.1地下維生管線PGV易損性曲線-----------------------39
3.3.2地下維生管線PGD易損性曲線-----------------------45
3.3.3維生管線損害機率之推估----------------------------50
3.4小結--------------------------------------------------52
第四章新竹科學園區虛擬地下維生管線地震損害評估
4.1新竹科學園區地震危害度分析----------------------------53
4.2新竹科學園區地盤震動參數PGV--------------------------57
4.3新竹科學園區地盤破壞參數PGD--------------------------58
4.3.1土壤液化------------------------------------------59
4.3.2邊坡滑動------------------------------------------63
4.3.3斷層穿越------------------------------------------65
4.4新竹科學園區虛擬地下維生管線損害評估------------------66
4.4.1新竹科學園區地下維生管線資料庫--------------------66
4.4.2新竹科學園區虛擬管線網路--------------------------67
4.4.2.1虛擬氣體供應管線------------------------------67
4.4.2.2虛擬中油瓦斯管線------------------------------70
4.4.2.3虛擬供水管線----------------------------------73
4.5小結--------------------------------------------------78
第五章結論與建議
5.1結論--------------------------------------------------79
5.2建議--------------------------------------------------81


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