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研究生:金宜蓁
研究生(外文):Yi-Jen Jin
論文名稱:獵巫:女性身/影之尋與馴
論文名稱(外文):"Witch Craze" and the Quest for the Female Subject
指導教授:何春蕤何春蕤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Josephine Ho
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:英美語文學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:獵巫女性主義女性主體
外文關鍵詞:feminismfemale subjectwitch huntwitch craze
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"Witch craze" (also known as "witch-hunts") in this thesis connotes the witch craze and witch-hunts that raged throughout Europe from the 16th to 18th century and New England in the 17th century, as well as the much later feminist craze for the female subject through research into that period of witch-hunting, often centering upon the misery of the hunted woman victims, brutality of male hunters, and, most important of all, patriarchal injustice to women.

As “witch-hunt” has already been generalized into a label that could be easily applied to any (self-proclaimed?) oppressed group, especially to women as a group, the present thesis would like to examine the formation of this witch-hunt discourse and re-consider the terms being constructed. This thesis also hopes to present the diversity among the different subjects who had come to share the same label of the “witch,” and to find different definitions for the witches and witch-related subjects under study by so-called “gender-blind” male researchers. Such a survey of witch-hunt researches as well as historical documents may provide us with a better understanding not only of the witch as one of the most mysterious historical subjects, but also of the various roles women have played and are still playing in witch-hunts and other similar historical events.


Abstract

"Witch craze" (also known as "witch-hunts") in this thesis connotes the witch craze and witch-hunts that raged throughout Europe from the 16th to 18th century and New England in the 17th century, as well as the much later feminist craze for the female subject through research into that period of witch-hunting, often centering upon the misery of the hunted woman victims, brutality of male hunters, and, most important of all, patriarchal injustice to women.

As “witch-hunt” has already been generalized into a label that could be easily applied to any (self-proclaimed?) oppressed group, especially to women as a group, the present thesis would like to examine the formation of this witch-hunt discourse and re-consider the terms being constructed. This thesis also hopes to present the diversity among the different subjects who had come to share the same label of the “witch,” and to find different definitions for the witches and witch-related subjects under study by so-called “gender-blind” male researchers. Such a survey of witch-hunt researches as well as historical documents may provide us with a better understanding not only of the witch as one of the most mysterious historical subjects, but also of the various roles women have played and are still playing in witch-hunts and other similar historical events.


Contents

Chapter One Introduction……………………………………………………….… 1
I. Witch-hunts and related discourses……………………………... 2
II. Modern Renditions of Witch-Hunt History………………….… 8
III. Sexual Agency of the Hunted Witches………………………. 12
Chapter Two Witch-Craze: The Quest for the Female Subject in Feminist Witch-hunt Studies……………………………………………….. 13
I. The Dominant Feminist Voice in Witch-hunt Studies: Radical Feminists and their Followers………………………………. 16
II. Other Feminist Researchers and Female Researchers with a Gender Vision……………………………………………..… 26
III. Feminist Witch Studies that Centers on the Witch Herself….. 30
Chapter Three Different Witch Identities and Their Potential Empowerment by Non-Feminist Witch-Hunt Studies……………………………….. 37
I. Hugh Trevor-Roper: Witches as an Unassimilable Social Group with Their “Subjective Reality,” and the Counterpart of St. Teresa……………………………………………………….. 37
II. Joseph Klaits: Witches and Those Bewitched were Not Sacrificial Lambs but Climbers of the Social Ladder………. 47
III. Brian Levack: Witches were Rebels and Non-conformists in the Male-dominant Society…………………………………. 51
Chapter Four Conclusion………………………………………………………... 55
Works Consulted……………………………………………………………………. 60


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