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研究生:徐敏益
研究生(外文):Min-I Hsu
論文名稱:蓮華池地區蛙類聲音群聚之研究兼論兩生類三種監測方法的比較
指導教授:關永才關永才引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yeong-Choy Kam
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:生物學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:聲音群聚監測方法蓮華池蛙類兩生類自動錄音法陷阱法
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本研究分成兩大部分,第一部分是探討蓮花池地區的蛙類聲音群聚。實驗地點是位於南投縣魚池鄉蓮花池地區,時間自2000年7月至2001年7月。利用自動錄音法記錄,經過一整年的調查,發現蛙類群聚的整體鳴叫強度有季節性變化,夏天較高而冬季較低; 而每月鳴叫種數也有相同趨勢。統計分析發現每月的鳴叫種數和生殖種數有明顯的相關。若以每種蛙類一年的鳴叫變化來看,大致可分成終年鳴叫、夏季鳴叫、或冬季鳴叫型,而不同蛙種的鳴叫變化,主要受到溫度或雨量的影響。而若以一夜的蛙類鳴叫變化來看,不同蛙種也有不同的鳴叫模式,分別是鳴叫高峰分別出現在前半夜、後半夜、或整夜鳴叫無明顯高峰三型。除了古氏赤蛙、拉都希氏赤蛙和澤蛙,大部份蛙類的整夜鳴叫型態不受地點變化而改變。
第二部分探討三種兩生類監測技術(穿越線法、自動錄音法、及陷阱法)的比較。實驗地點是位於南投縣魚池鄉蓮花池地區,時間自2000年7月至2001年7月。我選擇了四個樣區(分別是暫時性積水潭、廢耕農田、暫時性溪流、及濕沼澤),每兩週調查一次。實驗結果共發現22種蛙類,其中以穿越線法最靈敏,能發現的物種最多(22種);自動錄音法其次(20種),而陷阱法最差(11種)。自動錄音法能發現大部分物種,尤其對於間歇性鳴叫物種有很好的效果,但對於鳴叫聲細小或不鳴叫物種,則效果較差。陷阱法則對於地面活動的物種,特別是赤蛙科有良好的效果,但對樹棲性種類的捕捉效果差。三種調查法在四個樣區都有相同的效率,但和氣象因子有相關,特別是前四日累積雨量。實驗結果發現,自動錄音法和陷阱法有良好的互補性,其調查效率和穿越線法相當。
The research is mainly divided into two parts: one for pursuing the groups of frogs'' voice at Lien-Hua-Chih Station; the other for inquiring into the comparison among three techniques of watching amphibians(line transect sampling, automated recording systems and side-flap pail trap). Both of the studies were conducted from July, 2000 to July, 2001 at Lien-Hua-Chih Station ,Yu-Chih Village, Nantou County.
First, according to one-year''s investigation by automated recording systems, the strength of frog''s calling related to the change of seasons. The pitch was high in summer, while it was low in winter. Also the amount of calling obviously related to the reproduction. Affected by temperature or rainfall, there were different types of calling in a year--the whole year calling, the summer calling or the winter calling. Besides, different kinds of frogs had different modes of calling at each night, which were found as early night, mid-night, or non-obvious strength. Except Rana kuhlii, rana latouchi, and Rana limnocharis, the whole night calling mode of most frogs weren''t changed by the transform of location.
Second, by surveying every other week with line transect sampling, automated recording systems and side-flap pail trap in four sample areas, temporary ponds, disused farms, temporary streams, and permanent marshes, I found that there were twenty-two species. Among the three techniques the line transect sampling was the most sensitive one, it could find the most species (22 species), secondary one was the automated recording systems (20 species) and the last was the side-flap pail trap (11 species). The automated recording systems could find more species, especially for the intermission, but not for those with low voice or non-voice. The side-flap pail trap was effective for those which acted on the ground, like ranidae, but not for those in the trees. All these three techniques related to climate, especially the rainfall. According to the experiment, automated recording systems had good mutual benefit with the side-flap pail trap and had much the same efficiency as the line transect sampling.
致謝…………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
摘要…………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
英文摘要……………………………………………………………Ⅳ
目錄…………………………………………………………………Ⅴ
表目錄………………………………………………………………Ⅵ
圖目錄………………………………………………………………Ⅶ
第一章蓮華池地區聲音群聚的探討
前言…………………………………………………………………1
材料與方法………………………………………………………... 3
結果…………………………………………………………………8
討論…………………………………………………………………12
結論…………………………………………………………………19
第二章 兩生類三種監測方法的比較
前言…………………………………………………………………20
材料與方法………………………………………………………... 22
結果…………………………………………………………………28
討論…………………………………………………………………33
結論…………………………………………………………………39
參考文獻……………………………………………………………40
表1.1∼表2.4…………………………………………..…………..47
圖1.1∼2.7………………………………………………………….55
附錄一…………………………………………………………75
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