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研究生:周奕伶
論文名稱:焦點解決短期諮商對低自尊個案復原力之建構
指導教授:蕭文蕭文引用關係謝麗紅謝麗紅引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:輔導與諮商系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:251
中文關鍵詞:焦點解決短期諮商低自尊個案復原力
外文關鍵詞:SFBCsolution-focus brief counselinglow self-esteemresilience
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:88
  • 點閱點閱:2417
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:768
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:35
本研究旨在探究焦點解決短期諮商,對低自尊個案復原力改變的歷程。本研究以五位在「自我態度量表」得分較低及「行為困擾量表」得分較高的國中生為研究對象。採質性研究的方法,依據研究目的及研究問題,分析諮商逐字稿,以了解個案在焦點解決短期諮商的介入下,自尊及復原力提升的效果,以及焦點解決短期諮商如何引發個案自尊及復原力的產生。研究結果發現如下:
一、焦點解決短期諮商引發低自尊個案的復原力:諮商者引導個案從正向開始、設定良好的目標。尋找個案例外或成功經驗,讓個案想像假設解決架構,幫助個案看到自己的行動,並藉由行動的繼續執行,產生滾雪球效應的進步。
二、個案自尊及復原力的產生:個案在諮商中除了認知和行為上的轉變外,亦能對自己形成正向的感受,包括:改變歸因型態、能較客觀看待外在環境與他人、擴大對自己的認識或發現、面對挫折有問題解決的能力或策略、為自己做決定或採取行動、覺得自己有價值具重要性、體驗到自己有力量等。同時發現個案復原力的產生受到個人因素、家庭因素、外在環境因素的影響如自我效能、和諧的家庭氣氛、成功的學校經驗、良好的同儕支持與隸屬等。
本研究根據上述結果提出建議以供諮商工作者及未來研究的參考。
The research aims to explore how solution-focused brief counseling (SFBC) effects the change process of the resilience of low self-esteem clients. I select five junior high students who score low in the self-esteem scale and high in the behavior disturbance scale as the clients of the research. The qualitative research is employed, by analyzing the verbatim counseling transcript, to discover how SFBC elicits the emergence and promotion of the clients’ self-esteem and resilience. The findings of my research are presented as follows:
1. SFBC elicits the resilience of the low-esteem clients.
They are led to think in a positive way and then set the appropriate goals to achieve. Furthermore, they are encouraged to find their exceptional or successful experiences to imagine the framework for the solutions. In so doing, the clients can visualize their own actions and the snowball effect can be yielded by subsequent ongoing actions.
2. The clients’ self-esteem is promoted and their resilience is yielded. Counseling contributes to, besides the clients’ cognitive and behavioral changes, their positive feelings about themselves:
a) a more objective view of the surroundings to expand their
self-knowledge or self-discovery due to the changes in
attributive factors.
b) an ability to equip themselves with the problem solving
strategies in the face of frustration.
c) making decision or taking action for themselves.
d) being conscious of their own value and significance.
e) experiencing their powerfulness
Meanwhile, the research also shows that the emergence of the clients’ resilience is attributed to three factors, namely, personal (self-efficacy), family (harmonious family atmosphere) and surroundings (successful school experiences and sufficient peer support).
Finally, on the basis of the above findings, suggestions are offered for counselors and future research.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的…………………………………………….1
第二節 研究問題………………………….………………………..4
第三節 名詞解釋…………………………………………………….4
第二章 文獻
第一節 自尊的探討………………………………………………..6
第二節 復原力與自尊建構……………………………………….24
第三節 焦點解決短期諮商的介入對復原力及自尊的提升….…31
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究對象………………………………………………….42
第二節 研究工具………………………………………………….43.
第三節 研究過程………………………………………………….47
第四節 資料整理與分析………………………………………….49
第四章 結果與討論
第一節 焦點解決短期諮商對低自尊個案復原力的引發…………60
第二節 個案復原力產生與自尊提昇的狀況…………………… 106
第三節 綜合討論…………………………………………………224
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 結論………………………………………………………233
第二節 建議………………………………………………………236
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