跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(35.153.100.128) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/01/22 08:27
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳毅賢
研究生(外文):Yie-Shang Chen
論文名稱:電腦模擬教學在高職氣油壓課程之教學實驗研究
論文名稱(外文):A study of the effects of pneumatics with computer simulation instruction on vocational
指導教授:楊明恭楊明恭引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-Kung Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:工業教育學系在職進修專班
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:電腦模擬氣油壓教學策略
外文關鍵詞:computer simulationpneumatics
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:13
  • 點閱點閱:524
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究旨在研究電腦模擬教學應用在高職機械科氣油壓控制課程之學習成效,以作為未來技職教育教學課程系統建置的重要參考依據。並探討性向、氣油壓控制學習態度、學習策略等因素,對氣油壓控制學習成效之影響。採前測-後測之準實驗研究,前測包括學生多因素性向測驗及專業基礎能力測驗等。實驗教學為期八週,以國立新竹高工日間部機械科三年級的學生共九十人,為研究對象,以班為單位隨機分為實驗組與控制組兩組,實驗組採電腦模擬教學,控制組採傳統講述教學。後測包括氣油壓控制學習態度量表、氣油壓控制學習成就(學、術科)測驗。為考驗研究假設,本研究採次數分配、t考驗、單因子共變數分析、Pearson積差相關等統計方法。
依文獻探討、實驗教學、量表施測、統計分析及對研究發現之討論,本研究獲得之重要結論,如下:
壹、氣油壓控制的學習成就,在技能學習方面,電腦模擬教學優於傳統
講述教學。
貳、實驗組語文推理能力高分組的學習者,在氣油壓控制認知學習成就表
現較低分組為佳。控制組語文推理及機械推理能力高分組的學習者,
在氣油壓控制認知學習成就表現較低分組為佳。
參、實驗組數學推理、機械推理、錯別字辨別、文法與修辭、知覺速度確
度等能力,高分組的學習者在氣油壓控制技能學習成就表現較低分組
為佳。控制組空間關係、抽象推理等能力,高分組的學習者在氣油壓
控制技能學習成就表現較低分組為佳。
肆、採用電腦模擬教學的學生,在氣油壓控制的學習態度較傳統講述教學
為佳。
伍、兩組學生在氣油壓控制整體態度、信心及焦慮高分組的學習者,其氣
油壓控制學習成就較低分組為佳。
陸、兩組學生在氣油壓控制整體態度、信心及焦慮上與學習成就有顯著相
關。
依據本研究之結果,茲針對氣油壓控制電腦模擬教學及未來研究方向,提出下列幾項建議:
壹、充實學校電腦軟硬體設備,可以因應氣油壓設備不足及操作實習接線
時間太長,練習不足的困境。
貳、國內發展其他氣油壓迴路動態模擬軟體,可節省軟體採購成本及提昇
自動化水準。
參、加強培養學習者正向積極的氣油壓控制學習態度。
肆、後續宜加強質的研究及探索其他影響因素。
The purpose of this study was to explore the performance of learning pneumatics using computer simulation instruction system. The samples consisted of 90 students of the National Hsin-Chu vocational high school in Division of Mechanical Engineering. The experimental design of this study was quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design. This instrument used for pretest included multi-factor aptitude test, professional basic ability test. During the experimental period, regarded class as the unit and random grouped, experiment group adopted computer simulation teaching and control group adopted traditional teaching. Posttest included pneumatics achievement test and pneumatics attitude scale. The main statistic procedures employed for analyzing experimental data and testing the research hypotheses adopting t test, ANCOVA and Pearson product-moment correlation etc.
According to the results of literature review, experiment teaching and data analysis. The main findings of this study can be described briefly as follows:
1.The skill achievement test of pneumatics in the experimental
group was significantly better than the control group.
2. In the experimental group who had high verbal reasoning did
have significantly higher performance in pneumatics
knowledge.In the control group who had high verbal reasoning
and mechanical reasoning did have significantly higher
performance in pneumatics knowledge.
3.In the experimental group who had high mathematical
reasoning, mechanical reasoning, spelling ability, grammar-
rhetoric and sense speed-true did have significantly higher
performance in pneumatics skill. In the control group who had
high verbal reasoning did have significantly higher
performance in pneumatics skill.
4.The attitude of pneumatics in the experimental group was
significantly better than the control group.
5.Those students who had high pneumatics attitude, confidence
and anxiety did have significantly higher performance in
pneumatics achievement.
6.Those students who had high pneumatics attitude, confidence
and anxiety did have significantly relations with pneumatics
achievement.
According to the conclusions of this study, the following recommendations are purposed for computer simulation instruction and further study.
1.One should consider how to develop computer simulation
software, so can to save the cost and to promote the
automation industry.
2.To develop schools’ computer software and hardware, and to
solve the cost of practical training and equipment
insufficient.
3.Pay attention to cultivate learners’ positive and aggressive
pneumatics attitude.
4.The following study should be to emphasize the method of
qualitative research, and to explore other influence factors.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機…………………………………… 1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………………… 5
第三節 待答問題…………………………………………… 6
第四節 研究假設…………………………………………… 7
第五節 研究方法與步驟…………………………………… 12
第六節 研究範圍與限制…………………………………… 16
第七節 名詞解釋…………………………………………… 19
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 電腦模擬教學的內涵與類別……………………… 21
第二節 電腦模擬教學的理論基礎………………………… 26
第三節 電腦模擬教學的有效性…………………………… 31
第四節 電腦輔助學習之相關文獻………………………… 36
第五節 性向與學習成效之關係…………………………… 43
第三章 研究設計
第一節 研究架構…………………………………………… 47
第二節 研究對象…………………………………………… 51
第三節 研究設計…………………………………………… 52
第四節 研究工具…………………………………………… 54
第五節 教學實施…………………………………………… 71
第六節 資料處理…………………………………………… 73
第四章 資料分析與討論
第一節 樣本資料分析……………………………………… 77
第二節 學習策略在氣油壓控制學習成就之差異性分析… 78
第三節 性向在氣油壓控制學習成就之差異性分析……… 82
第四節 氣油壓控制學習態度與學習成就之相關分析…… 127
第五節 學習成就差異分析摘要……………………..…….. 137
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 研究發現…………………………………………… 139
第二節 結論………………………………………………… 154
第三節 建議………………………………………………… 160
參考書目
壹、中文部分………………………………………………… 163
貳、英文部分………………………………………………… 168
王文科(民80)。教育研究法。頁545-627。台北:五南圖書。
王立行(民81)。電腦輔助教學的理論與實務探討。資訊與教育,29期,頁
24-35。
王春龍(民87)。認知型態與多媒體電腦輔助教學策略對電機控制學習成效
之研究。彰化師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。
王昭仁(民87)。電腦電路模擬應用於工專電路學教學實驗研究。第十三屆
全國技術及職業教育研討會論文集,頁321-329。
朱則剛(民82)。教學設計核心理念-學習理論與教學理論知識基礎的研
究。視聽教育雙月刊,35(2)期,頁1-23。
朱錦鳳(民86)。教學電腦模擬的必備要件及注意事項。教學科技與媒體,
31期,頁49-53。
呂桂雲、王常如(民83)。電腦輔助教學與多媒體在護理教育之應用研討
會。技職雙月刊,23期,頁54-57。
李大偉(民75)。技職教育測量與評鑑。台北:三民書局。
李引玉(民81)。模擬教學在護理教育中的應用。護理雜誌,38(4),頁
137-141。
李明書、陳建州(民87)。多媒體系統在控制軟體上的發展與應用。臺灣教
育,572期,頁46-55。
李武鉦(民84)。順序控制電腦設計與模擬軟體。技術學刊,第10卷第1
期,頁17-18。
李淑明(民81)。具教學目標的電動玩具一模擬式電腦輔助教學的設計。國
教之友,44(1)期,頁59-64。
李永吟(民81)。教育原理。台北:遠流出版社。
李堅萍(民85)。氣液壓控制課程與編續教學法的實施。技職雙月刊,34
期,頁42-44。
邱上真(民80)。社會學習理論,收錄張壽山(主編)。學習理論與教學應
用,頁163-176。台中:教育廳。
林志一、曾龍圖(民87)。IsSpice Version 8交談式電路模擬分析與應
用。台北:全華科技圖書。
林秀美(民85)。電腦模擬:一個具有潛力的學習環境。視聽教育雙月刊,
第38卷第3期,頁16-25。
林秀美(民87)。電腦模擬在科技教育上之應用。教學科技與媒體,42期,
頁23-31。
林寶山(民80)。教學原理。頁177-186。台北:五南圖書。
吳明清(民80)。教育研究-基本觀念與方法之分析。頁266- 290。台北:
五南圖書。
吳清基(民79)。建立以學生為中心的學習環境。研習資訊,62期,頁1-
3。
吳添保(民87)。提升電機機械實習實作能力的電腦輔助教學。技術學刊,
第13卷第4期,頁677-683。
吳鐵雄(民75)。電腦輔助教學的教育層面。有效教學研究。頁357-394。
台北:台灣書店。
吳鐵雄(民78)。我國CAI的過去、現在及未來。資訊與教育,12期,頁44-
46。
洪榮昭(民81)。電腦輔助教學之設計原理與應用。頁167-184台北:師大
書苑。
黃耀寬(民88)。問題解決教學策略對高職電機科學生「低壓工業配線」學
習成效之研究。彰化師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。
葉忠達、王鼎銘(民84)。工藝/技學素養教育學習者性向與學習成就之關
係研究。新竹師院學報,8期,頁65-93。
郭生玉(民86)。心理與教育測驗。頁382-407。台北:精華書局。
郭生玉(民78)。心理與教育研究法(八版)。台北:精華書局。
梁朝雲(民87)。虛擬實境之教學應用。資訊傳播與圖書館學,第5卷第1
期,頁76。
莊永山(民87)。現代教師與電腦輔助多媒體教學。英語教學,第22卷第3
期,頁29-42。
莊奇勳(民80)。模擬式電腦輔助教學腳本設計探討。嘉義師院學報,5
期,頁283-312。
許瑛玿(民88)。網路科技支援之電腦教學軟體對學生學習科學概念的影
響。師大學報:科學教育類,44(1&2) 期,頁1-16。
張新仁(民80)。學習條件學習理論。學習理論與教學應用。頁105-121。
台中:教育廳。
張春興(民80)。心理學。台北:東華書局。
張春興、林清山(民70)。教育心理學。台北:東華書局。
陳昭雄。電腦輔助教學概論。台北:松崗。
陳英豪、吳裕益(民71)。測驗的編製與應用。台北:復文圖書。
黃光雄、簡茂發(民 87),教育研究法。台北:師大書苑。
路君約、盧欽銘、歐滄和(民86)。多因素性向指導手冊。台北:中國行為
科學社股份有限公司。
廖文靖(民88)。影響高職機械科學生技能學習成效因素之研究。彰化師範
大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。
蔡子安(民89)。高職學生中文輸入適性學習成效之研究-以倉頡述入法為
例。彰化師範大學工業教育研究所博士論文。
蔡俊傑(民83)。電腦輔助教學的理論與實務。師友月刊,319期,頁9-
12。
蔡國瑞(民86)。使用速算表設計適合工科之即時互動式輔助教學媒體。技
術學刊,第12卷第4期,頁615-622。
劉湘川(民76)。模擬式電腦輔助教學與研究。台灣區師範專科學校數理科
學術研討會,台北:頁119-132。
謝飛虎、莊堯棠(民89)。提升電力電子實務能力之電腦及網路輔助教學。
能源季刊,第30卷第1期,頁27。
戴文雄、游朝煌及陳培文(民83)。高工學生認知型態與空間觀念對機械製
圖學習成效與態度之研究,國科會研究報告,NSC83-0111-S-018-
023。
戴文雄(民81)。高工學生認知型態與空間觀念對機械製圖學習成效與態度
之研究。高雄:復文書局。
顏晴榮(民86)。電腦模擬教學在工科技術實習應用之探討。技職雙月刊,
39期,頁55-60。
顏晴榮(民87)。模擬式電腦輔助教學課程軟體發展。教學科技與媒體,42
期,頁50-54。
羅承文(民84)。職業教育與視聽媒體教學。視聽教育,37(1)期,頁30-
39。
鐘樹椽(民82)。教學式電腦教學軟體設計之檢討與分析。菁莪季刊,第5
卷第3期,頁51。
鐘樹椽(民82)。互動性在電腦輔助教學設計上之必要性。教學科技與媒
體,12期,頁15-20。
Ablard,K.E. & Tissot, S.L. (1998). Young students’ readiness
for advanced math: precocious abstract reasoning, Journal
for the Education of the Gifted, 21(2), 206-223.
Alessi,S.M.& Trollip, S.R. (1982). Computer-Assisted
Instruction : It‘s theory and method. Englewood Cliffs, NJ:
Prentice Hall, Inc.
Alessi,S.M., & Trollip, S.R. (1985). Computer-based
instruction: Methods and development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ:
Prentice Hall, Inc.
Alperson,J.R.,& O’Neil,D.H.(1990). The boxscore: Tutorails 2,
simulations 0. Academic computing, 18-19,47-49.
Becker,H.J. (1983). School uses of microcomputers, reports from
a Bational urvey (Issue No.1), Baltimore, MD: The Johns
Hopkins Center for Social Organization of schools.
Bernard E.,& Whitly, Jr.(1997). Gender differences in computer-
related attitudes and behavior : A meta- analysis, Computers
in Human Behavior, 13(1), 1-22.
Bigge, M.L. (1982). Learning theories for teachers (4th ed.).
New York: Harper & Row.
Borsook, T.k. & Higginbothamwheat, N.(1991). Interactivity :
What is it and what can it do for computer-based
instruction ? Educational Technology, 3(10),11-17
Breuer, k.,& Hajovy, H. (1987). Adaptive instructional
simulation to improve learning of cognitive strategies.
Education Technology,27(5),29-33
Brown, J.S., Collins, A., & Duguid, P. (1989). Situated
cognition and the culture of learning. Educational
Researcher,18,32-42.
Bruner, J.S. (1966). Toward a theory of instruction. Cambridge,
MA: Belknap Press.
Burke, R.L. (1982). CAI sourcebook. Englewood Cliffs, NJ:
Prentice-Hall.
Cavin,C.S.,Cavin,E.D.,& Lagowski,J.J.(1981). The effect of
computer assisted instruction on the attitudes of college
students, Journal of Research in Science Teaching,18 (4),329-
333.
Chen, F.S. (1995). A computer tutorial and simulation system
for teaching digital Function minimization. (Doctoral
dissertation ), Iowa State.
Chu, P.P. (1994). Using CAD tool in an introductory level
digital system course. Computers in Education Journal, 4(1),
65-68.
Clamp, S.J. (1983). Computer-assisted learning and the less
able. Remedial Education, 18(1), 15-17
Collins, A.(1988). Cognitive Apprenticeship and Document
Reproduction Service, No.ED 331-465. Cambridge, MA: BBNLabs.
Cook, E. K. & Kazlauskas, E. J. (1993). The cognitive and
behavioral basis of an instructional design : Using CBT to
teach technical information and learning strategies. Journal
of Educational Technological Systems, 21 (4),287-302.
Crookall, D.(1988) Computerized simulation: An overview.
Science Computer Review, 6(1), 1-11.
Cunningham, D. J.(1992) Assessing constructions and
construction assessments:A dialogue. In T.M. Duffy & D.H.
Jonassen(Eds.), Constructivism and the technology of
instruction:A conversation (pp.35-44). Hillsdale, NJ:
Erlbaum.
de Jong, T. (1991). Learning and instruction with computer
simulations. Education and Compution , 6,217-229.
Dennis, J.R.& Kansky, R.J.(1984). Instructional Computing,
Scott, Foresman and Company, Glenview, Illinois.
Duchastel, P. (1991). Instructional strategies for simulation-
based learning. Journal of Educational Technology Systems,
19 (3), 265-276.
Farnbam-Diggory, S.(1992). Cognitive processes in education.
New York:Harper Collins.
Fripp, J. (1993). Learning through simulations: Guides to the
design and use of simulations in business and education.
England: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
Gagne, E.D. (1985). The cognitive psychology of school
learning. Boston:Little.
Goldberg, J,& Subbarao, W.V(1990). Digital Network design
using computer simulations. Computers in Education
Division of ASEE, 8(1), 57- 61.
Gorrell,J.(1992).Outcomes of using computer simulations.
Journal of Research on Computing in Education,24(3), 359-366.
Groen, G. (1978). The theoretical ideas of Piaget and
educational practice. In P. Suppers (Ed.), The impact of
research on education. Washington, DC: The National Academy
of Education.
Heinich, &., Molenda, M., and Russel, J.D.(1989) instruction.
New York, NY: Macmillan Publishing company.
Jarvinen, E. M. (1998). The Lego/Lego learning environment in
technology education: An Experiment in a Finnish context.
Journal of Technology Education,9(2),47- 59。
Jonassen, D.H. (1996). Computer in the classroom: Mind tools
for critical thinking. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prenice-Hall,
Inc.
Jonassen D. H & Hannum, W. H. (1987). Research-based principles
for designing computer software. Educational Technology, 27
(12), 7-14.
Khalili,A.& Shahaani,L.(1994).The effectiveness of computer
applications : a meta-analysis, Journal of research on
computeing in Education,27(1),48-61.
Konvalina,John.(1983).Identifying Factors Influencing Computer
Science Aptitude and Achievement. AEDS Journal. v16 n2 p106-
12 Win 1983.
Krumholtz, N.(1998). Simulating technology processes to foster
learning. Journal of Technology Studies,24(1), 6- 11.
Levin, W. H. Anglin, G. L. & Carney, R.N. (1987). On
empirically validating functions of pictures in prose. In D.
M. Willow & H. A. Houghton (Eds.), The psychology of
illustration: Vol. Basic research.
Loyd,B.H.,& Gressand,C.P.(1984b).Reliability and factorial
validity of computer attitudes scales, Educational and
Psychological Measurement,44(2),501-505.
Loyd,B.H.,& Loyd,D.E.,&(1985).The reliability and validity of
an instrument for the assessment of computer
attitudes,Educational and Psychological Measurement, 45
(4),903-908.
Mercier, V., Delmas, D., Lonca, P., & Moreau, J.J. (1993).
SEPIA: An intelligent training system for French nuclear
power plant operators. In D. M. Towne, T. de jong, & H.
Spada (Eds). Simulation-based experiential learning (pp. 249-
260). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Merrill, P. F.,Hammons, K., Vincent, B. R., Reynolds, P.L.,
Christensen,L., & Tolman, M. N.(1996). Computers in
education. Needham Heights, MA: A Simon & Schuster Company.
Mizelle, N. B., Hart, L. E.,& Carr, M.(1993). Middle grode
students’ motivational processes and use of strategies with
expository text. Paper presented at the meeting of the
American Educational Research Association, Atlanta GA.
Nejad, M.A.(1992). A comparison and evaluation of the
effectiveness of Computer simulated laboratory instruc- tion
versus traditional laboratory instruction in solid state
electronics circuitry.(Doctoral Dissertation, Iowa State
University,(1992).Dissertation Abstracts Inter-
national ,53,12A.)
Norman, D.A. (Ed.) (1981). Perspectives on cognitive science.
Noewood,NJ: Ablex.
Ormord, J.E.(1990). Human Learning: Theories, principles, and
educational application. New York: Macmillan.
Papert, S. (1980). Mindstorms : Children, computer, and
powerful ideas. New York:basic Books.
Pinto,J.N., & other (1985). Concurrent validity study of
computer attitude scale, Paper presented at the Annual
Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago,
IL.(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED 263 138).
Philip T. Krein (1998). Elements of Power Electronics, Oxford
University Press, New York.
Pidd, M. (1992). Computer simulation in management science
(3rd. ed.). New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Reigeluth, C.M., & Schwartz, E. (1989). An instructional theory
for the design for the design of computer-based simulations.
Journal of Computer-Based Instruction, 16(1),1-10.
Rieber L. P. (1996). Animation as feedback in a computer- based
simulation: Representation matters. ETR&D,44(1), pp.5-22.
Russell, A. J.(1997). The effect of learner variables cognitive
style on learning performance in a vocational training
environment, Educational Psychology, 17(1), 195-208.
Seamus, D. & Valerie. M (1987). The Impact of Computer on
Education. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Sekuler, R. & Blake, R. (1994).Perception (3rd ed.). New York:
Alfred A. knopf.
Shankar, R., Freytag, L., & Alon, D. (1991). A-CAD-Based
course for design of digital systems: Details of a tutorial
example. Computers in Education ivision of ASEE, 1(3), 76-85.
Shaw,E.L., & Okey,J.R.(1985). Effects of microcomputer
simulations on achievement and attitudes of middle school
students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the
national association for research in science teaching
(58th,French Lick Springs).(ERIC Document Reproduction
Service NO.ED 255 389).
Siegel, M.A., & Davis, D.M. (1986). Understanding computer-
based education. New York: Random House.
Simon, H. A.(1990). The science of the artificial. Cambridge,
MA:MIT Press.
Skinner, B.F. (1968). The technology of teaching. New York:
Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Stenning,K.,& others(1995). Contrasting the cognitive effects
of graphical and sentential logic teaching : Reasoning,
representation, and individual differences , Language and
Congnitive Process, 10(3-4), 333-354.
Tennyson,R, D., Thurlow, R., &Breuer, k. (1987). Problem-
oriented simulations to develop and improve higherorder
thinking strategies. Computers in Human Behavior, 3, 151-165.
Thomas, Rex and Boysen, J. P. (1984). A taxonomy for the
instructional use of computers. AEDS Moniter,22(11- 12) ,15-
17.
Thomas, Rex and Hooper, E.(1991). Simulation: an opportunity we
are missing, Journal of Research on computing in Education,
v23, n4, 4(3), 497-513.
Thomas, R. & Neilson I. (1995) Harnessing, simulations in the
service of education: The interact simulation environment.
Computer Education,25(1),21-29.
Thorson,E.(1979). Simulation in higher education. Hicksville ,
NY: Exposition Press.
Treichler, D. G. (1967). Are you missing the boat in training
aids? Film and Communication, 1 ,14-16.
Valanides,N.(1997).Formal reasoning abilities and school
achievement,Studies un Educational Evaluation, 23 (2), 169-
185.
Williams, J. J., & Nobar, P. M. (1995). A computer based
learning software for teaching fluid mechanics. Proc. of the International Conference on Computer in Education, 61-68.
Singapore.
Wilson, B G.(1995). Special section: constructivist learning
environments. Education Technology, Sep-Oct 1995, 25-30.
Yadrick, R.M., Regian, J.W., Connolly-Gomez, C. & Robertson-
Schule, L.(1997).Dyadic vs. individual practice with
exploratory and directive mathematics tutors, Journal of
Educational Computing Research, 17(2), 165-186.
Young,J.D.(1996). The effect of self-regulated learning
strategies on performance in learner controlled computer -
based instrution , ETR & D, 44(2), 17-27.
Young, M.F., & Kulikowich, J.M.(1992). Anchored instruc- tion
and anchored assessment: An ecological approach to measuring
situated learning. Paper presented at annual meeting of the
American Educational Research Associa- tion, San Francisco,
CA. ( ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 354 269).
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top