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研究生:陳思穎
研究生(外文):Chin, Shih-Ying
論文名稱:已婚國中女教師親職壓力與因應策略之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Parenting Stress and Coping Strategies of Married Female Junior Hing School Teachers
指導教授:廖永靜廖永靜引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:家庭教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:其他教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:162
中文關鍵詞:已婚國中女教師親職壓力因應策略質性研究
外文關鍵詞:married female junior high school teachersparenting stresscoping strategiesqualitative research
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:189
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  • 下載下載:1061
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:8
本研究藉由質性研究的方法,探索已婚國中女教師的親職壓力與因應策略。研究過程中採用半結構式深度訪談,訪問五位已婚國中女教師,並蒐集文本資料。經由主題分析,歸納出四個主題:(1) 責任的開始─親職壓力的來源;(2) 無盡的牽繫─親職壓力的經驗;(3) 走在鋼索上的母親─親職壓力的感受;(4) 母職不是全部─親職壓力的調適策略。
本研究發現,已婚國中女教師在親職過程中,壓力來源包括:母親的人格、小孩特質、家人互動、傳統親職角色分工、甚至社會環境影響。堆積的親職壓力也引發種種負面的壓力感受。本研究發現,身為教師的受訪者,感受到她們在親職方面常被過度期望,這加重親職壓力感受;同時,由於面臨工作與親職平衡的困境,更使受訪者感覺疲累。
本研究發現,外在與內在資源經常被用以因應親職壓力。受訪者除了以行動因應種種壓力感受,也開始正視親職的負向感受,並承認有自我專業成長的需求。「做自己」的想法,逐漸取代「只是個母親」,這也有助於親職壓力的紓解,並幫助她們找出化「危機」為「轉機」的方向。
家庭教育應提供合適的方案,幫助已婚國中女教師順利因應親職壓力,同時促使社會大眾能以更人性、合理的角度看待母職。
The purpose of this research is to discover the parenting stress and coping strategies of married female junior high school teachers. The main method used here is qualitative research. With the use of semi-structured in depth interviews, the texts were collected. There are four themes as follows: (1) the sources of parenting stress; (2) the experiences of parenting stress; (3) the feeling of parenting stress; (4) the coping strategies of parenting stress.
The results show that the parenting stress is inevitable when a career woman needs to play another role like a mother. The sources of parenting stress include a mother’s personality, a child’s characteristic, family members’ interaction, the traditional role expectation to a mother, and even environmental influences.
This study also finds that, being teachers, the participants often feel they have been over-expected while rearing children, this makes the parenting stress more serious, and they also feel that it is difficult to reach the balance of work and parenthood.
Outer and inner resources are found in this study to be used to cope with parenting stress. The participants start to face their negative feeling and acknowledge the needs of self-development in their career. The idea of “being themselves” replaces “only being mothers”, which releases their parenting stress.
Family education should provide proper courses to teach the married female junior high school teachers how to deal with parenting stress, and it also needs to make people look at motherhood in a more considerate and reasonable way.
目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 問題背景 1
第二節 研究動機 2
第三節 研究問題與研究目的 3
第四節 研究重要性 4
第五節 名詞釋義 6
第二章 文獻探討 8
第一節 職業婦女的家庭壓力 8
第二節 職業婦女的親職壓力 13
第三節 與職業婦女因應親職壓力有關的研究 19
第三章 研究方法 25
第一節 研究方法的選擇 25
第二節 實施步驟 27
第四章 研究結果─已婚國中女教師之親職壓力世界 36
第一節 責任的開始─親職壓力的來源 36
第二節 無盡的牽繫─親職壓力的經驗 57
第三節 走在鋼索上的母親─親職壓力的感受 83
第四節 母職不是全部─親職壓力的調適策略 92
第五章 研究發現與討論 109
第一節 親職壓力的來源 109
第二節 親職壓力的經驗與感受 115
第三節 角色的構成與影響 118
第四節 因應策略的紓解 120
第五節 相關研究之比較 127
第六章 結論、建議與反思 133
第一節 結論 133
第二節 建議 136
第三節 反思 140
參考書目 146
附錄一 訪談同意書 156
附錄二 訪談回饋函 157
附錄三之一 主題分析第一版 158
附錄三之二 主題分析第二版 159
附錄三之三 主題分析定稿版 160
表一 受訪者基本資料表 30
表二 研究發現與建議表 126
一、中文部份
井敏珠(民81)。已婚職業婦女生活壓力與因應策略﹑社會支持之研究。
政治大學教育研究所博士論文。
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唐先梅(民87)。從家庭發展觀點探討雙薪家庭兩性工作、家事、及休閒時間之分配。社會文化學報,6,75-112。
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化大學兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
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張惠芬譯(民87)。成為父母。台北︰揚智文化。
莊永佳(民87)。台灣女性之母職實踐。南華管理學院教育社會學研究所碩士論文。
陳怡錚(民89)。國中女教師生涯之研究。師範大學公民訓育研究所
碩士論文。
陳淑玲(民75)。台北地區中學教師對機構式托嬰服務之期望及評價研究。師範大學家政教育研究所碩士論文。
陳媛嬿(民77)。已婚職業婦女的家人關係之研究。文化大學家政學研究
所。碩士論文。
游淑芬(民81)。母親親職壓力與兒童社會行為關係之研究:一般兒童和先天性心臟病兒童的比較。師範大學家政教育研究所碩士論文。
陽琪與陽琬譯(民84)/Goodman, N. 原著。婚姻與家庭。台北:巨流。
馮燕(民81)。婦女生活壓力知覺與應對模式─多元角色的觀點。台大社會學刊,21,161-198。
黃政傑、張芬芬、蔡敏玲、黃瑞琴、孫敏芝、熊召弟、陳添球、方德隆、劉蔚之、曾惠敏、王錦珍著(民85)。質的教育研究︰方法與實例。台北︰漢文。
黃瑞琴(民88)。質的教育研究方法。台北︰心理。
裘學賢(民82)。教育研究的現象學分析。載於賈馥茗、楊深坑主編。教育學方法論。台北︰五南。
趙美鈴(民85)。國小已婚女教師工作特性知覺、角色壓力與其工作投入關係之研究。新竹師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
鄭忍嬌(民78)。已婚職業婦女生活壓力、自我狀態、適應方式對身心健康之影響。師範大學家政教育研究所碩士論文。
劉台雲(民80)。台北地區就業母親角色衝突及其因應方法之研究。彰化
師範大學輔導研究所碩士論文。
劉修靜(民87)。國小教師職業性別刻板印象,成就動機與逃避事業成就傾向之相關研究。新竹師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
蔡文輝(民87)。婚姻與家庭─家庭社會學。台北︰五南。
蔡仕君(民77)。從不同家庭生命週期探討已婚職業婦女之生活滿意度。
文化大學家政學研究所碩士論文。
賴友梅(民86)。影響國中教師性別角色刻板化態度與兩性教育平等意識相關因素之研究。政治大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
謝坤鐘(民82)。職業婦女婚姻角色衝突、婚姻適應與婚姻滿足之研究,文化大學家政研究所碩士論文。
藍采風(民76)。健康的家庭生活。台灣省社會福利工作人員研習中心。
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