跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.210.132.31) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/08/19 20:09
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:林柏蒼
研究生(外文):Po-Tsang Lin
論文名稱:藍芽個人區域網路之服務品質規劃與分析
論文名稱(外文):Quality-of-Service Investigation of Bluetooth-Based Personal Area Networks
指導教授:陳俊良陳俊良引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jiann-Liang Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:英文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:個人區域網路微網路移動換區資源保留服務品質藍芽技術
外文關鍵詞:PiconetPersonal Area NetworkMobilityHandoffRSVPQoSBluetooth
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:919
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:397
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
藍芽是一種新的短距離無線傳輸單晶片,主要是設計提供給需要低功率的裝置所使用,因此他可被輕易的整合進 輕、薄、短、小的資訊產品裡,如手機、個人數位助理、筆記型電腦和耳機。其無所不在的無線連結,形成Ad-Hoc的網路形式。而此種由個人裝置所形成的網路形式,被稱為個人區域網路(PAN)。隨著應用服務和網路技術的不斷推成出新,多媒體已成為越來越重要的資訊存取應用,因此,服務品質之規劃與分析將益形重要,特別是在資源與頻寬匱乏的無線環境中。

本篇論文,我們主要探討與研究藍芽的服務品質確保問題,包含Inter-Piconet (Scatternet) 和Intra-Piconet課題。在藍芽網路中,換區(handoff)將是一個重要的問題,藍芽花費很長的時間在連結的建立上,在我們的模擬結果裡,當有七個slaves同時要形成一個微網路(Piconet)時,需要花費達11.84秒的連結建立時間,但即時的多媒體服務,必須快速且有效率的在不同的藍芽基地台間切換,以避免資料的遺失和確保資訊的連續性。

我們提出一個快速且有效率的方法,提供藍芽裝置能夠迅速的在不同基地台間換區,且為了提供即時性服務的資源保留確保,我們亦將我們所提出的機制套用在資源保留(RSVP)的通訊協定當中。最後,我們使用了Bluehoc模組來模擬藍芽網路中的效能評估,包含各種應用程式和MTU(Maximum Transfer Unit)值的模擬。模擬結果顯示,一個微網路中的藍芽個數,大大影響著藍芽的效能,尤其是當slave的個數多到七個時,在都是使用FTP的情況下,其每一個的平均延遲(average delay)將是一個slave時的十五倍。此外,Bluehoc模組利用DRR(Deficit Round Robin)的機制來規劃封包的傳送,其模擬結果顯示,當只有一個slave在微網路(Piconet)中時,其MTU是一千 bytes的效能將是MTU是十 bytes的三倍。
Bluetooth technology is prepared for a single chip implementation and specifically targeted for devices which require low power consumption. This enables it to be integrated into small devices, such as mobile phone, PDAs, Laptops, Headset, etc. The ubiquitous link would provide the basis for small portable Bluetooth-equipped devices to communicate together in an ad-hoc fashion; such a network of personal devices is often referred to as a Personal Area Network (PAN). Along with the development of applications and networking technologies, multimedia are playing more and more important roles in information access. Thus, the Quality of Service issues become more and more important to provide the guarantee service in the low bandwidth wireless environment.

In this thesis, we study the Quality of Service issues in the Bluetooth environment; including the Inter-Piconet (Scatternet) and Intra-Piconet. The major problem for the Bluetooth networks is handoff. It takes long time in the connection procedure. In our simulation, the results show that the connection time is up to 11.84 sec when seven slaves join a Piconet simultaneously. The real time application must fast handoff between two access points to avoid data loss and make the information continuously.

We proposed a fast and efficient handoff scheme that supports handoffs of Bluetooth device roaming between different Access Points. To provide real-time service through the use of virtual circuits, we also present the concepts for the mobile RSVP issues in Bluetooth networks with our fast handoff mechanism. Finally, we use the Bluehoc toolkit to simulate the various scenarios to understand the Bluetooth performance. The various applications and MTU scenarios are simulated. The results show that the amount of slaves greatly affects the Bluetooth performance. Especially when the amount of slaves are up to seven, the delay per slave with FTP service is fifteen times as long as the single slaves. The packet MTU also affects the Bluetooth performance when the DRR (Deficit Round Robin) scheme is used by the Bluehoc toolkit to schedule packet transfer. The performance that MTU are one thousand increases almost three times compared with the performance that MTU are ten.
Chapter 1 Introduction……………………………………………………1
1.1 Significance of the Research……………………………………………………1
1.2 Why Bluetooth………………………………………………………………….4
1.3 Contributions…………………………………………………………………....8

Chapter 2 Background Knowledge………………………………………9
2.1 Bluetooth Links and Packets……………………………………………………9
2.1.1 Bluetooth Address........................................................................................9
2.1.2 Time Slots....................................................................................................9
2.1.3 Physical Links...........................................................................................10
2.1.4 Bluetooth Packets....................................................................................12
2.2 Bluetooth Piconet and Scatternet……………………………………………...18
2.2.1 Link Controller States…………………………………………………...18
2.2.2 Piconet......................................................................................................20
2.2.3 Master-Slave Switch……………………………………………………..21
2.2.4 Scatternet………………………………………………………………..22
2.3 IP Networking…………………………………………………………………25
2.4 Network Simulation…………………………………………………………...28
2.4.1 Ns-2 Simulator…………………………………………………………..28
2.4.2 Bluehoc Toolkit………………………………………………………….30

Chapter 3 Intra-Piconet QoS Issues……………………………………..32
3.1 QoS in Bluetooth ……………………………………………………………..32
3.1.1 Resource Control: Flow Control………………………………………33
3.1.2 QoS Request and Connection…………………………………………34
3.2 Bluetooth Quality of Service Framework……………………………………37
3.2.1 Resource Reservation…………………………………………………37
3.2.2 Resource Allocation…………………………………………………..38
3.2.3 Classification…………………………………………………………39

Chapter 4 Inter-Piconet QoS Support…………………………………40
4.1 QoS in Inter-Piconet…………………………………………………………41
4.2 RSVP in Bluetooth…………………………………………………………..42
4.2.1 Mobile IP and Cellular IP for Bluetooth………………………………42
4.2.2 Handoff Support for Bluetooth…………………………………………43
4.2.3 Proposals for Fast Handoff……………………………………………..45
4.2.4 RSVP for Bluetooth……………………………………………………..48

Chapter 5 Performance Analysis………………………………………51
5.1 Simulation Environment………………………………………………………51
5.2 Simulation Results and Discussions…………………………………………..54
5.2.1 FTP Services in a Piconet………………………………………………55
5.2.2 Telnet and Packetized Voice Service in a Piconet………………………56
5.2.3 Various MTU Packets……………………………………………………58

Chapter 6 Conclusion and Future Work………………………………60
6.1 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………..60
6.2 Future Work………………………………………………………………………61

References………………………………………………………………62
[1]G. Ivano, D. Paolo, and F. Paolo, “The role of Internet technology in future mobile data systems,” IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol.38, No.11, pp.68-73, Nov. 2000.
[2]Y.B. Lin and I. Chlamtac, Wireless and mobile network architectures, Wiley, 2000.
[3]P. Johansson, N. Johansson, and J. Elg, “Short range radio-based ad-hoc networking: performance and properties,” Proc. IEEE International Conference on Communications, pp.1414-1420, 1999.
[4]Huang Dongjie, J.J.Shi, “Radio resource management for quality of service in third generation mobile communications,” IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Vol.4, pp.1724 -1727, Spring 2002.
[5]J.M. Rabaey, “Wireless beyond the third generation-facing the energy challenge,” International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, pp.1 -3, 2001
[6]N. Golmie, F. Mouveaux, “Interference in the 2.4 GHz ISM band: impact on the Bluetooth access control performance,” IEEE International Conference on Communications, Vol.8, pp.2540 -2545, 2001
[7]B. Chatschik, “An overview of the Bluetooth wireless technology,” IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol.39, Issue:12, pp: 86 -94, Dec. 2001,
[8]P. Bhagwat, “Bluetooth: technology for short-range wireless apps,” IEEE Internet Computing, Vol.5, Issue: 3, pp.96 -103, May-June 2001
[9]N.C. Boucouvalas, , “Symmetry of IRDA optical links,” IEEE Colloquium on Optical Free Space Communication Links, pp.6/1 -6/8, 1996
[10]A.C. Boucouvalas, P. Barker, ”Asymmetric throughput in IrDA links,” IEE Colloquium on Optical Wireless Communications, pp.7/1 -7/5 , 1999
[11]J.C. Haartsen, S. Mattisson, ”Bluetooth-a new low-power radio interface providing short-range connectivity,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol.88, Issue:10, pp.1651 -1661, Oct. 2000
[12]D.G. Leeper, “A long-term view of short-range wireless,” IEEE Computer, Vol.34, No.6, pp.39-44, 2001.
[13]M. Kalia, D. Bansal, and R. Shorey, “Data scheduling and SAR for bluetooth MAC,” Proc. of IEEE VTC2000, pp.716-720, 2000.
[14]“Quality of Service in Bluetooth Networking part 1,” The Bluetooth Special Interest Group


[15]S. Giordano, M. Hamdi, J. Hubaux, J.-Y Le Boudec, L. Blazevic, “Issues on mobile ad-hoc WANs,” IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, Vol.3, pp.1261 -1264, 2000
[16]J. L. Sobrinho, A. S. Krishnakumar, “Quality-of-Service in ad hoc Carrier Sense Multiple Access Wireless Networks,” IEEE JSAC, vol.17, no.8, pp.1353-1414, Aug. 1999
[17]A. Das, A. Ghose, A. Razdan, H. Saran, and R. Shorey, “Enhancing performance of asynchronous data traffic over the bluetooth wireless ad-hoc network,” Proc. IEEE INFOCOM 2001, pp.591- 600, 2001
[18]“Quality-of-Service Weighted fair queuing (WFQ)”, Cisco Systems, Inc., 1999.
[19]S. Chakrabarti, A. Mishra, “QoS issues in ad hoc wireless networks”, IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol.39, Issue: 2, pp.142 -148, Feb. 2001
[20]J. Lansford, A.Stephens, R. Nevo, “Wi-Fi (802.11b) and Bluetooth: enabling coexistence,” IEEE Network, Vol.15, Issue: 5, pp.20 -27, Sept-Oct. 2001
[21]C.F. Chiasserini, R.R. Rao, ”Performance of IEEE 802.11 WLANs in a Bluetooth environment,” IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference WCNC, Vol.1, pp.94 -99, 2000
[22]I. Howitt, ”IEEE 802.11 and bluetooth coexistence analysis methodology,” IEEE VTS 53rd Vehicular Technology Conference, Vol.2, Spring. 2001
[23]A. Das, A Ghose, A Razdan, H. Saran, R. Shorey, ” Enhancing performance of asynchronous data traffic over the Bluetooth wireless ad-hoc network,” IEEE INFOCOM 2001, Vol.1 , pp.591 -600, 2001
[24]M.F. Tariq, P. Czerepinski, A. Nix, D. Bull, N. Canagarajah, “Robust and scalable matching pursuits video transmission using the Bluetooth air interface standard,” International Conference on Consumer Electronics, 2000 ICCE, Digest of Technical Papers, pp.300 -301
[25]Lixia Zhang, S. Deering, D. Estrin, S. Shenker, D. Zappala, ” RSVP: a new resource reservation protocol,” IEEE Communications Magazine , Vol.40, Issue: 5 , pp.16 -127, May. 2002
[26]Zhang Pei, Li Weidong, Wang Jing, Wang Youzhen, “Bluetooth-the fastest developing wireless technology,” International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings, WCC - ICCT 2000, Vol.2 , pp.1657 -1664
[27]R. Schneiderman, ” Bluetooth's slow dawn,” IEEE Spectrum , Vol.37, Issue: 11 , pp. 61 -65, Nov. 2000
[28]J.P.K. Gilb, ”Bluetooth radio architectures,” IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits (RFIC) Symposium, 2000
[29]The Bluetooth specification Interest Group, http://www.bluetooth.com

[30]T. Ozaki, Kim Jaime Bae T. Suda, “Bandwidth-efficient multicast routing for multihop, ad-hoc wireless networks,” IEEE INFOCOM 2001, Proceedings, Vol.2, pp.182 -1191, 2001
[31]P. Johansson, N. Johansson, U. Korner, J. Elg, G.. Svennarp, “Short range radio based ad-hoc networking: performance and properties,” 1999 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC '99, vol.3 , pp.1414 -1420, 1999
[32]J. Karaoguz,” High-rate wireless personal area networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine , Vol.39, Issue: 12 , pp.96 -102, Dec. 2001
[33]R.F. Heile ,” Solutions for the last 10 meters: an overview of IEEE 802.15 working group on wpans,” The Third International Symposium on Wearable Computers, pp.10 -10, 1999
[34]C.F. Chiasserini, R.R. Rao, ”A comparison between collaborative and non-collaborative coexistence mechanisms for interference mitigation in ISM bands,” IEEE VTS 53rd Vehicular Technology Conference, vol.3, pp.2187 -2191, VTC 2001 Spring.
[35]IEEE 802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) site http://www.ieee802.org/15/
[36]Johansson, P. Kazantzidis, M. Kapoor, R. Gerla, M, “ Bluetooth: an enabler for personal area networking,” IEEE Network Magazine, Vol.15, Issue:5, , pp.28 -37, Sept.-Oct. 2001
[37]Nathan J. Muller, Bluetooth Demystified, McGraw hill 2001
[38]The Bluetooth Special Interest Group, “Quality of Service in Bluetooth Networking part 1,”
[39]Brent, A.Miller, Chatschik, Bisdikian, Bluetooth Revealed, PH PTR
[40]T. Salonidis, P. Bhagwat, L. Tassiulas, R. LaMaire, “Distributed topology construction of Bluetooth personal area networks,” IEEE INFOCOM 2001 Proceedings, Vol.3 , pp.1577 -1586, 2001
[41]Atwal Kulwinder, Akers Ron, “Transmission of IP Packets over Bluetooth Networks,” Internet-Engineering Task Force Draft
[42]Per Johansson, Johan Sörensen, “Ad-hoc IP Networks over Bluetooth ,” Ericsson
[43]Manner Jukka, Kojo Markku, Laukkanen Aki, ”Exploitation of wireless link QoS mechanisms in IP QoS architectures,”
[44]Bluetooth Network Encapsulation Protocol (BNEP) V0.95a
[45]Personal Area Networking Profile (PAN) V0.95a
[46]M. Albrecht, M. Frank, P. Martini, M. Schetelig, A. Vilavaara, A. Wenzel, ” IP services over Bluetooth: leading the way to a new mobility,” LCN '99 Conference on Local Computer Networks, pp.2 -11, 1999

[47]S. Baatz, M. Frank, R. Gopffarth, D. Kassatkine, P. Martini, M. Schetelig, A. Vilavaara, ”Handoff support for mobility with IP over Bluetooth,” 25th Annual IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks, pp.143 -154, 2000
[48]Breslau, L. Estrin, D. Fall, K. Floyd, S. Heidemann, J. Helmy, A. Huang, P. McCanne, S. Varadhan, K. Ya Xu, Haobo Yu, “Advances in network simulation,” Computer, Vol.33, Issue: 5, pp 59 -67, May. 2000
[49]ROBERT CURRIER, “Test-drive your network designs,” Network World Fusion http://www.nwfusion.com/reviews/0524rev.html
[50]Jae Chung, Mark claypool, “NS by Example,” WPI, http://nile.wpi.edu/NS
[51]The Network simulator-ns-2, http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/
[52]Abhinandan Sharma, Kaushik Raghunath, Kavitha Subramanian, “Bluehoc And Bluescat Frequently Asked Questions,”
[53]Shanzeng Guo Georganas, ”Resource and connection admission control in real-time transport protocols with deterministic QoS guarantees,” Fourteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, vol.3, pp.1095 -1102, 1995
[54]RFC 1363, A Proposed Flow Specification
[55]B. Raman, P. Bhagwat, S. Seshan, ”Arguments for cross-layer optimizations in Bluetooth scatternets,” 2001 Symposium on Applications and the Internet Proceedings, pp.176 -184, 2001
[56]G.V. Zaruba, S. Basagni, I. Chlamtac, ”Bluetrees-scatternet formation to enable Bluetooth-based ad hoc networks,” IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2001, Vol.1 , pp.273 -277, 2001
[57]G. Miklos, A. Racz, Z. Turanyi, A. Valko, P. Johansson, ”Performance aspects of Bluetooth scatternet formation,” 2000 First Annual Workshop on Mobile and Ad Hoc Networking and computing, MobiHOC 2000, pp.147 -148
[58]Ching Law, Siu Kai-Yeung, “A bluetooth scatternet formation algorithm,” IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM '01, Vol.5 , pp.2864 -2869, 2001
[59]S. Baatz, M. Frank, C. Kah, P. Martini, C. Scholz, ”Adaptive scatternet support for bluctooth using sniff mode,” 26th Annual IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks, LCN 2001, pp.112 -120, 2001
[60]Zhang Wensheng, Cao Guohong, ”A flexible scatternet-wide scheduling algorithm for bluetooth networks,” 21st IEEE International Performance, Computing, and Communications Conference, pp.291 -298, 2001
[61]Wang Zhifang, R.J. Thomas, Z. Haas, ”Bluenet- a new scatternet formation scheme,” Proceedings of the 35th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2001. HICSS, pp.779 -787, 2001
[62]P. Bhagwat, A. Segall, ”A routing vector method (RVM) for routing in Bluetooth scatternets,” (MoMuC '99) 1999 IEEE International Workshop on Mobile Multimedia Communications, pp.375 -379, 1999
[63]B.J. Prabhu, A. Chockalingam, ”A routing protocol and energy efficient techniques in bluetooth scatternets,” IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2002, Vol.5 , pp.3336 -3340
[64]W. Lilakiatsakun, A. Seneviratne, ”Wireless home networks based on a hierarchical bluetooth scatternet architecture,” Ninth IEEE International Conference on Networks, Proceedings, pp.481 -485, 2001
[65]P. Johansson, R. Kapoor, M. Kazantzidis, M. Gerla, ”Rendezvous scheduling in bluetooth scatternets,” IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2002, Vol.1, pp.318 -324, 2002
[66]C. Perkins, ed., "IP Mobility Support," IETF RFC 2002, Oct. 1996.
[67]C. Perkins, ”Mobile IP: Design Principles and Practice,” Addison-Wesley Longman, Reading, Mass., 1998.
[68]C. Perkins, "Mobile IP", IEEE Comm., Vol.35, No.5, pp.8499, 1977.
[69]A. G. Valko, "Cellular IP: A New Approach to Internet Host Mobility," ACM Computer Communication Review, January. 1999.
[70]Aman Kansal, “Handoff in Bluetooth Public Access Networks,”
[71]Aman Kansal, “Performance Analysis of Neighborhood Handoff Protocol for Mobility in Bluetooth Public Access Neworks,”
[72]Indu Mahadevan and Krishna M. Sivalingam, “An Architecture and Experimental Results for Quality if Service in Mobile Networks Using RSVP and CBQ,” ACM/Baltzer /wireless Net, July. 1999.
[73]A. K. Talukdar, B. R. Badrinath, and A. Acharya, “MRSVP: A Reservation Protocol for an Integrated Services Packet Network with Mobile Hosts,“ Dept. Comp. Sci. tech. rep. TR-337, Retgres Univ.
[74]S. Floyed, V. Jacobson, “Link-sharing and resource management models for packet networks,” IEEE Transactions on Networking, Vol.3, No.4, pp.365-386, Aug. 1995
[75]M. Shreedhar, George Varghese, “Efficient Fair Queuing Using Deficit Round-Robin,” IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networks, Vol.4, No.3, June 1996
[76]Salil S.Kanhere, Harish Sethu, “Fair, Efficient and Low-Latency Packet Scheduling Using Nested Deficit Round Robin,”
[77]A. Capone, M. Gerla, R. Kapoor, ”Efficient polling schemes for Bluetooth picocells,” IEEE International Conference on Communications. ICC 2001, Vol.7, pp.1990 -1994, 2001
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊