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研究生:黃宜萍
研究生(外文):I-Ping Huang
論文名稱:徘徊在社會體制的十字路口-十八名女性運動員運動社會化與身分認同的研究
指導教授:許義忠許義忠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-Jwueng Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:觀光暨遊憩管理研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:觀光休閒學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2002
畢業學年度:90
語文別:中文
論文頁數:162
中文關鍵詞:運動社會化身分認同父權社會質性研究女性主義
外文關鍵詞:qualitative methodfeminismpatriarchysport socializationidentity
相關次數:
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摘要

本研究調查女性體保生運動社會化的過程,以及運動對這些女性在人際關係、異性關係、肢體形象、女性特質、性別角色與身份認同的影響。
本研究是以女性主義為理論基礎,採用質性研究深度訪談法來蒐集資料,研究對象包括東華大學全部十二名女性體保生,以及六位大葉大學女性體保生,總計十八名,運動的項目包括自由車、桌球、拔河、田徑、游泳、撐竿跳、網球。
將訪談所得之錄音帶作成逐字稿,共得約27萬字。再將逐字稿內容進行登錄(coding)、分類及擷取重要敘述句之後再進行分析。分析的過程是依事前準備的主題與時間順序將資料予以呈現(data display),然後從事個案本身與個案之間的交叉分析,並利用三角測定與受訪者檢視來增強研究內容之品質。
研究結果共可分有六部分,依次為:(一)個案素描;(二)女性體保生運動社會化的過程;(三)女性特質、肢體形象、身份認同及角色衝突;(四)因耗時密集的訓練而導致學業交友皆缺乏自信;(五)體保生之間形成特殊的次文化團體;(六)因運動所得到的益處及付出的代價。
所得之結論有四:(一)個人性格、家庭背景、學校與運動參與的總合成為影響女性運動社會化相當重要的因素;(二)內、外在動機的消長與互動令運動持續;(三)定期從事運動對女性特質、肢體形象與身份認同的影響既是助力也是阻力;(四)女性體保生可區分為傳統型(traditional)、過渡型(transitory)與非傳統型(non-traditional)三類。
本研究並分別對未來研究者及體保制度制定與執行之相關工作者提出建議。



【關鍵字】質性研究、女性主義、父權社會、運動社會化、身份認同
Abstract

The thesis investigated the process of female athletes’ sport socialization as well as how sports influence these women’s interpersonal relationships, body images, female characteristics, sexual roles and recognitions.

Using feminism as theory base, this thesis adopts in-depth interviewing to collect data. The eighteen interviewees, including twelve female athletes from National Dong Hwa University and six from Da-Yeh University, major in bicycle, table tennis, rope racing, sprint, swimming, pole vault and tennis. After the interview content was typed as full transcription, up to 270 thousand words, the research moved to the process of coding, categorizing as well as adopting the important descriptive sentences and then analyzing. The analysis method uses the preparing topics and chronological order to display data first, and then to focus on the case itself and inter-case relationship. Also, the triangulation and members check were used to inhence the quality of this research content.

The six research results are as the following: 1. Case description 2. The process of the female athletes’ socialization 3. Female characteristics, body images, role recognitions and interruptions 4. Under the sports system, the long-hour training makes these female athletes lack of confidence to enrich knowledge and build sexual relationships 5. The sub-cultural group exists between the female athletes 6. The benefit and cost of the sports.

Four conclusions are made as the following: 1. The combination of personal characteristics, backgrounds, the school, and the sports involvement is an important factor for woman’s sports socialization. 2. The interaction of internal and external motivation keeps most female athletes continuing exercising. 3. Regular exercise brings goods and bads to woman’s characteristics, body images and role recognitions. 4. Female athletes are categorized into traditional, transitory and non-traditional groups.

This research also provides suggestions to other researchers and the people who regulate and implement the sports system.

【key word】qualitative method、feminism、patriarchy、sport socialization、identity
目 錄
誌謝辭…………………………………………………………………………………i
中文摘要………………………………………………………………………………ii
英文摘要……………………………………………………………………………...iii
目錄……………………………………………………………………………………v
表目錄………………………………………………………………………………..vii
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機……………………………………………………………..2
第二節 研究目的及問題……………………………………………………………..6
第三節 理論基礎與研究假設………………………………………………………..7
第四節 名詞定義……………………………………………………………………..8

第二章 文獻探討
第一節 父權觀社會結構對女性及女性休閒的影響………………………………..9
第二節 女性主義做為女性休閒研究的理論基礎...……………………………….12
第三節 性別、年齡、性別角色發展與女性從事休閒及運動的關係…………….15
第四節 青春期女性的休閒、運動及身份認同……………………………………..21
第五節 利用質性研究方法研究休閒的理論………………………………………27

第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究方法……………………………………………………………………30
第二節 研究對象及抽樣……………………………………………………………31
第三節 資料蒐集的過程……………………………………………………………33
第四節 資料分析與解讀的方法及信度效度………………………………………42
第五節 研究限制……………………………………………………………………43

第四章 研究結果
第一節 個案素描……………………………………………………………………46
第二節 女性體保生運動社會化的過程……………………………………………72
第三節 女性特質、肢體形象、身份認同及角色衝突……………………………93
第四節 因耗時密集訓練而導致學業交友皆缺乏自信…………………………..103
第五節 體保生之間形成特殊的次文化團體……………………………………..108
第六節 因運動所得到的益處及付出的代價……………………………………..114
第五章 結論、討論及建議
第一節 個人性格、家庭背景、學校與運動參與的總合成為影響女性運動社會化相當重要的因素…………………………………………………………..121
第二節 內、外在動機的消長與互動令運動持續………………………………..126
第三節 定期從事運動對女性特質、肢體形象與身份認同的影響既是助力也是阻力…………………………………………………………………………..130
第四節 女性體保生可區分為傳統型(traditional)、過渡型(transitory)與非傳統型(non-traditional)三類…………………………………………………134
第五節 建議………………………………………………………………………..141

參考文獻
一、中文部分………………………………………………………………………144
二、英文部分………………………………………………………………………148

附錄
附錄一………………………………………………………………………………158
附錄二………………………………………………………………………………159
附錄三……………………………………………………………………………....160
附錄四………………………………………………………………………………161
















表目錄

表一 訪談之時間及地點一覽表…………………………………………………..34
表二 個案運動項目、年資及相關背景介紹表…………………………………..45
表三 個案的重要的關係人對個案從事運動之意見與個案因應反對意見之態度一覽表………………………………………………………………………..75
表四 個案男友之背景及對個案生活及未來規劃之影響一覽表………………..88
表五 無男友之個案對「異性交往」的看法一覽表……………………………..90
表六 分類表:傳統型女性……………………………………………………….136
表七 分類表:過渡型女性……………………………………………………….137
表八 分類表:非傳統型女性…………………………………………………….139
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